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Research Lab Results for public health

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  • Amita Gupta Lab

    Principal Investigator:
    Amita Gupta, M.D., M.H.S.
    Medicine

    The Amita Gupta Lab focuses on drug trials to prevent and treat HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and othe...r co-morbidities in adults, including pregnant women and children who reside in low-income settings. We also conduct cohort studies assessing HIV, inflammation and nutrition in international settings; TB in pregnancy; and risk factors for TB in India (CTRIUMPH). We collaborate with several faculty in the Center for TB Research, Division of Infectious Diseases and the School of Public Health. view more

    Research Areas: global health, nutrition, infectious disease, HIV, inflammation, tuberculosis
  • Anderson Lab

    Lab Website
    Principal Investigator:
    Mark Anderson, M.D., Ph.D.
    Medicine

    Research in the Anderson laboratory focuses on cellular signaling and ionic mechanisms that cau...se heart failure, arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death, major public health problems worldwide. Primary focus is on the multifunctional Ca2+ and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). The laboratory identified CaMKII as an important pro-arrhythmic and pro-cardiomyopathic signal, and its studies have provided proof of concept evidence motivating active efforts in biotech and the pharmaceutical industry to develop therapeutic CaMKII inhibitory drugs to treat heart failure and arrhythmias.

    Under physiological conditions, CaMKII is important for excitation-contraction coupling and fight or flight increases in heart rate. However, myocardial CaMKII is excessively activated during disease conditions where it contributes to loss of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, membrane hyperexcitability, premature cell death, and hypertrophic and inflammatory transcription. These downstream targets appear to contribute coordinately and decisively to heart failure and arrhythmias. Recently, researchers developed evidence that CaMKII also participates in asthma.

    Efforts at the laboratory, funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health, are highly collaborative and involve undergraduate assistants, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and faculty. Key areas of focus are:
    • Ion channel biology and arrhythmias
    • Cardiac pacemaker physiology and disease
    • Molecular physiology of CaMKII
    • Myocardial and mitochondrial metabolism
    • CaMKII and reactive oxygen species in asthma

    Mark Anderson, MD, is the William Osler Professor of Medicine, the director of the Department of Medicine in the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and physician-in-chief of The Johns Hopkins Hospital.
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    Research Areas: heart failure, arrhythmia, cardiovascular diseases, sudden cardiac death
  • Andrew Lane Lab

    The Lane laboratory is focused on understanding molecular mechanisms underlying chronic rhinosi...nusitis, particularly the pathogenesis of nasal polyps, as well as inflammation on the olfactory epithelium. Diverse techniques in molecular biology, immunology, and physiology are utilized to study epithelial cell innate immunity, olfactory loss, and response to viral infection. Ongoing work explores how epithelial cells of the sinuses and olfactory mucosa participate in the immune response and contribute to chronic inflammation. The lab creates and employs transgenic mouse models of chronic nasal/sinus inflammation to support research in this area. Collaborations are in place with the School of Public Health to explore mechanisms of anti-viral immunity in influenza and COVID-19. view more

    Research Areas: nasal polyps, immunology, COVID-19, olfaction, cell culture, transgenic mice, chronic rhinosinusitis, innate immunity, neuroscience, molecular biology
  • Ariel Green Lab

    Research in the Ariel Green Lab focuses on informing and improving decisions surrounding the us...e of invasive medical technologies for older adults with complex medical diseases. Our long-term goals are to conduct epidemiologic research, create public health initiatives, and help shape policies that improve the lives of older adults. view more

    Research Areas: epidemiology, health care policy, decision making, gerontology
  • Bakker Memory Lab

    Lab Website

    Research in the Bakker Memory Laboratory is focused on understanding the mechanisms and brain n...etworks underlying human cognition with a specific focus on the mechanisms underlying learning and memory and the changes in memory that occur with aging and disease. We use a variety of techniques including neuropsychological assessments, experimental behavioral assessments and particularly advanced neuroimaging methods to study these questions in young and older adults and patients with mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy.

    Through our collaborations with investigators in both basic science and clinical departments, including the departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Psychological and Brain Sciences, Neurology and Public Health, our research also focuses on brain systems involved in spatial navigation and decision-making as well as cognitive impairment in neuropsychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, depression and anxiety.
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    Research Areas: epilepsy, depression, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease
  • Casey Overby Lab

    Principal Investigator:
    Casey Taylor, Ph.D.
    Medicine

    Research in the Casey Overby Lab focuses on the intersection of public health genomics and biom...edical informatics. We’re currently developing applications to support the translation of genomic research to clinical and population-based health care settings. We’re also working to develop knowledge-based ways to use big data — including electronic health records — to improve population health. view more

    Research Areas: public health, genomics, electronic health records, bioinformatics
  • Cervical Dysplasia Research Lab

    Lab Website

    We are interested in how immune responses occur in the cervix. The focus of our translational ...research is on developing immune therapies for disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infection causes more cancers than any other virus in the world. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer caused by HPV, and although we have known how to screen for it for over half a century, it remains the second most common cause of cancer death in women. Although the preventive vaccines are a public health milestone, they prevent HPV infections, but are not designed to make immune responses to treat HPV. We are testing different strategies to make immune responses that could treat HPV disease. Our dedicated researchers are working to extend the techniques used in HPV vaccine development to the creation of vaccines targeting other cancers with defined tumor antigens. view more

    Research Areas: cervical cancer, HPV, cancer vaccines
  • Cochlear Center for Hearing and Public Health

    Lab Website

    The Cochlear Center for Hearing and Public Health is dedicated to training clinicians, research...ers and public health experts to study and address the impact that hearing loss has on older adults and public health. We aim to make measured local, national and global impacts through a macro level (e.g., public policy legislation), micro level (e.g., programs to deliver hearing care to individuals in a particular community), and everywhere in between (e.g., influential research publications, etc.) to adhere to our center’s overall mission and vision of effectively optimizing the health and function of an aging society and become the premier global resource for ground-breaking research and training on hearing loss and public health. view more

    Research Areas: otolaryngology, public health, audiology, gerontology, hearing loss, societal perspectives
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