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Displaying 1 to 30 of 30 results for pain

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  • Allan Gottschalk Lab

    Research in the Allan Gottschalk Lab focuses on the mechanisms behind neuropathic pain, chronic pain related to nerve injury. We are investigating biophysical models of the impact of general anesthesia on the central nervous system; informational aspects of sensory perception and the representation of sensory input; nonlinear dynamics of respiratory pattern generation; and acute perioperative pain.

    Research Areas: sensory perception, nerve injury, central nervous system, neuropathy, neuropathic pain, anesthesia, pain

  • Anthony N. Kalloo Lab

    Research interests in the Anthony N. Kalloo Lab include therapeutic endoscopy, pancreatitis, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction and abdominal pain.

    Research Areas: sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, endoscopy, abdominal pain, pancreatitis

    Principal Investigator

    Anthony Kalloo, M.B.B.S., M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Athir Morad Lab

    Research in the Athir Morad Lab primarily focuses on perioperative pain management for neurosurgery patients. Our team has conducted two randomized controlled trials to assess the efficacy of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) following craniotomy. Our current research includes studies on the safety of opioid administration following craniotomy through the use of end-tidal CO2 detection, as well as research into the use of transcortical magnetic stimulation (TMS) for managing pain after spine surgery.

    Research Areas: neurosurgery, opioids, spine, anesthesiology, pain

  • Bradford Winters Lab

    The Bradford Winters Lab conducts research on patient safety and quality of care. Our team focuses on the topics of patient care in the intensive care unit, evidence-based medicine, quality health care, and the measurement and evaluation of safety efforts. Currently our work involves evaluating pain management techniques in post-craniotomy patients, developing guidelines for policy development of patient safety initiatives and creating measures for rapid-response system outcomes.

    Research Areas: patient safety, ICU, evidence-based medicine, quality of care

  • Constance Monitto Lab

    The Constance Monitto Lab conducts clinical research on pediatric pain management as well as basic science studies on chemotherapy resistance. In our pediatric pain management research, we work to assess the impact of low-dose opioid antagonism on opioid-related side effects, such as nausea and vomiting. We also analyze data on current methods of pediatric pain management in the United States. In addition, our team uses basic science studies to assess the success of epigenetic gene regulation on the development of resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in cancer.

    Research Areas: chemotherapy, opioids, epigenetics, gene regulation, pain, pediatrics

  • Dermot Maher Lab

    Research in the Dermot Maher Lab focuses on cancer pain management. We aim to characterize the immunosuppression that occurs with the use of certain pharmacologic pain therapies, including opioids. We also study the relationship between this pharmacologically induced immunosuppression and the rate of manifestation and recurrence of certain types of malignancies. Our goal is to gain a broader understanding of the benefits and side effects of pain medication pharmacology in order to help patients suffering from painful and complex conditions, such as cancer, manage their symptoms more effectively.

    Research Areas: opioids, pain management, cancer, immunosuppression, pharmacology

  • Dong Laboratory

    The Dong Laboratory has identified many genes specifically expressed in primary sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Our lab uses multiple approaches, including molecular biology, mouse genetics, mouse behavior and electrophysiology, to study the function of these genes in pain and itch sensation. Other research in the lab examines the molecular mechanism of how skin mast cells sensitize sensory nerves under inflammatory states.

    Research Areas: skin cells, electrophysiology, genetics, itch, neuroscience, pain, molecular biology

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Xinzhong Dong, Ph.D.

    Department

    Neuroscience

  • Improving Outcomes Following Injury and Illness

    Led by Stephen Wegener, Ph.D, this research group focuses on projects that have the potential to improve function and quality of life and reduce disability following injury or illness. These projects include research on cognitive, behavioral, psychological and health care system factors that affect outcomes following injury.

    Research Areas: neuropsychology, amputation, patient-provider collaboration, disability, rehabilitation psychology, pain

  • Jamie Murphy Lab

    The Jamie Murphy Lab conducts research on post-cesarean section pain management and post-partum hemorrhage. We also explore topics around post-partum analgesia.

    Research Areas: post-partum analgesia, anesthesiology, cesarean sections, pain, hemorrhages

  • Joanne Shay Lab

    The Joanne Shay Lab primarily conducts research on pediatric pain management techniques. Our studies have explored pain management in special-needs children and patients, and we have studied non-traditional pain management methods, such as regional anesthesia and peripheral nerve blocks in children, medical acupuncture, and remote anesthesia services. We also have an ongoing interest in the business of medicine.

    Research Areas: pain management, medical acupuncture, anesthesia, pediatrics, developmental disorders

  • Kayode Williams Lab

    The Kayode Williams Lab conducts translational research on neuromodulation. We primarily examine the mechanisms and efficacy of spinal cord stimulation in treating neuropathic pain, peripheral neuropathies and peripheral vascular disease. Our clinical trials explore spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy and the treatment of critical non-reconstructible critical leg ischemia. We also have a longstanding interest in the business of medicine and seek to enhance value propositions for hospitals and physician groups through more effective management of resources.

    Research Areas: pain management, neuropathic pain, translational research, vascular diseases

  • Machine Biointerface Lab

    Dr. Fridman's research group invents and develops bioelectronics for Neuroengineering and Medical Instrumentation applications. We develop innovative medical technology and we also conduct the necessary biological studies to understand how the technology could be effective and safe for people.

    Our lab is currently focused on developing the "Safe Direct Current Stimulation" technology, or SDCS. Unlike the currently available commercial neural prosthetic devices, such as cochlear implants, pacemakers, or Parkinson's deep brain stimulators that can only excite neurons, SDCS can excite, inhibit, and even sensitize them to input. This new technology opens a door to a wide range of applications that we are currently exploring along with device development: e.g. peripheral nerve stimulation for suppressing neuropathic pain, vestibular nerve stimulation to correct balance disorders, vagal nerve stimulation to suppress an asthma attack, and a host of other neuroprosthetic applications.

    M...edical Instrumentation MouthLab is a "tricorder" device that we invented here in the Machine Biointerface Lab. The device currently obtains all vital signs within 60s: Pulse rate, breathing rate, temperature, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, electrocardiogram, and FEV1 (lung function) measurement. Because the device is in the mouth, it has access to saliva and to breath and we are focused now on expanding its capability to obtaining measures of dehydration and biomarkers that could be indicative of a wide range of internal disorders ranging from stress to kidney failure and even lung cancer.
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    Research Areas: medical instruments, bioelectricities, neuroengineering, nerve stimulation

  • Marie Hanna Lab

    The Marie Hanna Lab conducts research on key topics within the field of anesthesiology. Our interests include both regional and obstetric anesthesia as well as patient-controlled analgesia, pain measurement, post-operative pain and acute pain management. Examples of our work include researching whether a surgery patient’s perception of pain control affects his or her satisfaction level and a comparison of air and liquid for use in the loss-of-resistance technique during labor epidurals.

    Research Areas: medical education, analgesia, anesthesia, obstetrics, pain

  • Michael Caterina Lab

    The Caterina lab is focused on dissecting mechanisms underlying acute and chronic pain sensation. We use a wide range of approaches, including mouse genetics, imaging, electrophysiology, behavior, cell culture, biochemistry and neuroanatomy to tease apart the molecular and cellular contributors to pathological pain sensation. A few of the current projects in the lab focus on defining the roles of specific subpopulations of neuronal and non-neuronal cells to pain sensation, defining the role of RNA binding proteins in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain, and understanding how rare skin diseases known as palmoplantar keratodermas lead to severe pain in the hands and feet.

    Research Areas: biophysics, biochemistry, proteomics, inflammation, pain

    Principal Investigator

    Michael Caterina, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Neurosurgery

  • Michael Erdek Lab

    Work in the Michael Erdek Lab explores interventional pain management and cancer pain management. Our studies focus on the assessment and interventional treatment of cancer-related pain and intrathecal therapy for spasticity resistant to management by oral medications. We also conduct research on the use of spinal cord stimulation as a treatment for neuropathic pain, refractory angina pectoris and refractory peripheral vascular disease.

    Research Areas: spasticity, critical care medicine, interventional pain management, spinal cord, pain, cancer pain management

  • M-Irfan Suleman Lab

    Research in the M-Irfan Suleman Lab focuses on better understanding and controlling pediatric pain. We've played a key role in the discovery of novel techniques for post-surgical pain management in children.

    Research Areas: anesthesiology, pain, pediatrics, postoperative care

  • Pankaj Jay Pasricha Lab

    Researchers in the Pankaj Jay Pasricha Lab are interested in the molecular mechanisms of visceral pain and restoration of enteric neural function with novel strategies, including neural stem cell transplants. Recent research has focused on the enteric nervous system and gut-brain axis, and the complexity of pain in chronic pancreatitis. Another recent study indicates that patients with underlying small intestinal bacterial overgrowth have significant delays in small bowel transit time as compared to those without, while another explored the safety and efficacy of carbon dioxide cryotherapy for treatment of neoplastic Barrett's esophagus.

    Research Areas: gastroenterology, stem cells, neurogastroenterology, pancreatitis, pain, Barrett's esophagus, motility disorders

    Principal Investigator

    Jay Pasricha, M.B.B.S., M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Paul Christo Lab

    Work in the Paul Jordan Christo Lab is focused on pain management in older adults, thoracic outlet syndrome therapies, spinal chord stimulation and the usage of online education modules for pain education. Recent research has investigated novel therapies for thoracic outlet syndrome (including the use of botulinum toxin), the sexual side effects of chronic opioid therapy and complex regional pain syndrome.

    Research Areas: thoracic outlet syndrome, opioids, aging, spinal cord, pain

  • Robert Greenberg Lab

    Researchers in the Robert Greenberg Lab examine anesthesiology and critical care-related topics that include critical airway management, non-invasive fetal monitoring, neural blockade monitoring, pediatric acute pain management, cuffed oropharyngeal airway (COPA), pain informatics, and pediatric pain education and innovation.

    Research Areas: fetal monitoring, neural blockade monitoring, pain, pediatrics, critical airway management

  • Roger Johns Lab

    Investigators in the Roger Johns Lab are examining the molecular mechanisms behind the onset and continuation of chronic pain, particularly neuropathic pain. This work has led to a better understanding of the vast network of molecules at neuronal synapses, particularly the postsynaptic density (PSD), which is key to the propagation of pain signals. We're working to develop new analgesics that interfere with the PSD protein interactions in an effort to better treat patients who suffer from chronic pain.

    Research Areas: neuropathic pain, asthma, neuronal synapses, postsynaptic density, chronic pain

  • Ronen Shechter Lab

    The Ronen Shechter Lab is currently investigating a novel treatment for nerve pain induced by chemotherapy. Our previous research has involved studying the role and mechanism of peripheral opioids as well as the use of dorsal column stimulation to treat pain resulting from a condition affecting the nervous system.

    Research Areas: chemotherapy, pain management, nerve pain

  • Sivanesan Neuromodulation Laboratory (SNL)

    Work in the Sivanesan Neuromodulation Laboratory (SNL) focuses on developing electrical stimulation therapies for treating neuropathic pain conditions and discovering novel applications for patients suffering from painful conditions. We study mechanisms of all modalities of spinal cord stimulation in the laboratory and aim to rapidly translate these discoveries to patient care. This bench to bedside approach facilitates a unique integration of the latest science with the clinical care of patients.

    Research Areas: dorsal root ganglion stimulation, Spinal cord stimulation, neuromodulation, interventional pain management, translational research, intrathecal baclofen, peripheral stimulation, intrathecal pain pumps, chronic pain

  • Spinal Oncology Lab

    The bony skeleton is one of the most common sites of metastatic spread of cancer and a significant source of morbidity in cancer patients, causing pain and pathological fracture, impaired ambulatory ability and poorer quality of life.

    In our continuous investigation of the mechanism of metastasis in spine tumors and of developing animal models and treatments, our team seeks to understand how cancer cells metastasize to the bony spine.

    Our laboratory develops novel techniques to evaluate our animal models of metastatic spine disease.

    Research Areas: spine cancer, spine, cancer

    Principal Investigator

    Dan Sciubba, M.D.

    Department

    Neurosurgery

  • Srinivasa Raja Lab

    Work in the Srinivasa Raja Lab seeks to better understand both the peripheral and central mechanisms that cause neuropathic pain, including various methods for treatment. A large focus of our research is on exploring the role of opioid and adrenergic receptor mechanisms in the management of chronic neuropathic pain. Our team also studies the mechanisms of spinal cord stimulation for treating chronic pain, and we have conducted controlled clinical trials in an effort to improve evidence-based practices for pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain.

    Research Areas: opioids, neuropathic pain, pain, evidence-based medicine, chronic pain

  • Steve Cohen Lab

    Research in the Steven Cohen Lab focuses on pain—including fibromyalgia and neuropathic pain—with many studies investigating the causes and treatment of injuries among U.S. soldiers related to these topics.

    Research Areas: neuropathy, fibromyalgia, neuropathic pain, pain

  • Steven Levin Lab

    Research in the Steven Levin Lab focuses on chemical neurolysis, epiduroscopy (and training for physicians), opioid administration, and the use of alternative therapies for pain management. In collaboration with the American Society of Law, Medicine and Ethics and with funding from a Donahue Foundation Grant, we study social and ethical considerations in pain management. We have also been involved in clinical trials of novel analgesics.

    Research Areas: opioids, pain management, chemical neurolysis, epiduroscopy

  • Sydney Dy Lab

    The Sydney Dy Lab has conducted extensive research on quality of care, patient safety and decision-making, with a focus on patients with cancer and other serious and terminal diseases. Our team seeks to improve health systems and services to optimize the use of technology and medication, particularly in end-of-life health care policy. Our research approach includes primary and quantitative data collection, quality measurement improvement, systematic literature reviews and analysis of secondary database.

    Research Areas: patient safety, palliative care, cancer, health care policy, pain, quality of care

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Sydney Dy, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • The Functional Neurosurgery Lab

    The studies of the Functional Neurosurgery Lab currently test whether neural activity related to the experimental vigilance and conditioned expectation toward pain can be described by interrelated networks in the brain. These two psychological dimensions play an important role in chronic pain syndromes, but their neuroscience is poorly understood. Our studies of spike trains and LFPs utilize an anatomically focused platform with high temporal resolution, which complements fMRI studies surveying the whole brain at lower resolution. This platform to analyze the oscillatory power of structures in the brain, and functional connections (interactions and synchrony and causal interactions) between these structures based upon signals recorded directly from the waking human brain during surgery for epilepsy and movement disorders, e.g. tremor. Our studies have demonstrated that behaviors related to vigilance and expectation are related to electrical signals from the cortex and subcortical struc...tures.

    These projects are based upon the combined expertise of Dr. Nathan Crone in recordings and clinical management of the patients studied; Dr. Anna Korzeniewska in the analyses of signals recorded from the brain; Drs. Claudia Campbell, Luana Colloca and Rick Gracely in the clinical psychology and cognitive neurology of the expectation of pain and chronic pain; Dr. Joel Greenspan in quantitative sensory testing; and Dr. Martin Lindquist in the statistical techniques. Dr. Lenz has conducted studies of this type for more than thirty years with continuous NIH funding.
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    Research Areas: neurosurgery, epilepsy, movement disorders, pain

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Fred Lenz, M.D.

    Department

    Neurosurgery

  • The Spinal Fusion Laboratory

    Five to 35 percent of spine fusionprocedures fail, even when using the gold standard treatment of grafting bone from the patient's own iliac crest. Fusion failure, otherwise known as pseudoarthrosis, is a major cause of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) and results in significant pain and disability, increasing the need for additional procedures and driving up health care costs. The ultimate goal of the Spinal Fusion Laboratory is to eliminate pseudoarthrosis by using animal models to study various strategies for improving spinal fusion outcomes, including delivery of various growth factors and biological agents; stem cell therapies and tissue engineering approaches.

    Research Areas: failed spine surgery, pseudoarthrosis, spine fusion

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Timothy Witham, M.D.

    Department

    Neurosurgery

  • Yun Guan Lab

    Research is the Yun Guan Lab explores the peripheral, spinal and supraspinal mechanisms of chronic pain. Our long-term goal is to develop better strategies and novel targets for treatment of pathological pain conditions. Our team’s multidisciplinary research uses electrophysiological, molecular biological, immunocytochemical and behavioral pharmacological approaches to study neurobiological mechanisms of pain and hyperalgesia that occur following tissue or nerve injury.

    Research Areas: neurobiology, pain, hyperalgesia

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