Research Lab Results for neurotransmitters
Cochlear Neurotransmission GroupLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Paul Fuchs, Ph.D.
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
The Cochlear Neurotransmission Group studies the generation and propagation of neural signals i...n the inner ear. Our laboratories use biophysical, electrophysiological, molecular biological and histological methods to determine fundamental molecular mechanisms by which neurotransmitters are released from primary sensory cells ('hair cells') to excite second order neurons carrying information to the brain. We apply these same techniques to study inhibitory feedback produced by brain neurons that project to and regulate the sensitivity of the cochlea.Research Areas: vestibular disorders, neurotology/otology
Neuromodulation and Advanced Therapies CenterPrincipal Investigator:
Kelly Mills, M.D., M.H.S.
We investigate the brain networks and neurotransmitters involved in symptoms of movement disord...ers, such as Parkinson's disease, and the mechanisms by which modulating these networks through electrical stimulation affects these symptoms. We are particularly interested in the mechanisms through which neuromodulation therapies like deep brain stimulation affect non-motor brain functions, such as cognitive function and mood. We use imaging of specific neurotransmitters, such as acetylcholine and dopamine, to understand the changes in brain chemistry associated with the clinical effects of deep brain stimulation and to predict which patients are likely to have changes in non-motor symptoms following DBS. Through collaborations with our neurosurgery colleagues, we explore brain function by making recordings during DBS surgery during motor and non-motor tasks. Dr. Mills collaborates with researchers in the Department of Neurosurgery, the Division of Geriatric and Neuropsychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and in the Division of Nuclear Medicine within the Department of Radiology to translate neuroimaging and neurophysiology findings into clinical applications. view moreResearch Areas:
Molecular imaging of effects of deep brain stimulation on cognitive function in Parkinson's dis...ease view more, Trajectories and types of cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease, Effects of neuromodulation on impulsivity and addiction-related behaviors, Parkinson's disease,
Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on mood disorders and cognitive dysfunction ...in Parkinson's disease view more,
Relationship between patient-reported and objective cognitive impairments in Parkinson's diseas...e view more