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Displaying 11 to 20 of 22 results for lung disease

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  • Mitzner Laboratory

    The Mitzner Laboratory studies the physiologic and pathologic basis of lung health and diseases such as emphysema and asthma. We are currently researching why chronic changes in the lung remain for long periods after initial insults have disappeared. Using phenotyping in whole animal models alongside the assessment of the immunologic status of cells and interactive signaling, we examine lung-tissue damage that creates a chronic immunologic response.

    Research Areas: emphysema, phenotyping, asthma, lung disease

  • Nadia Hansel Lab

    Research in the Nadia Hansel Lab investigates the clinical, pathophysiologic and public health aspects of pulmonary diseases, with a focus on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have explored how environmental exposures, nutrition and diet, comorbidity and other factors influence the outcomes of diseases such as asthma and COPD.

    Research Areas: airway diseases, immunology, asthma, allergies, lung disease, COPD

    Principal Investigator

    Nadia Hansel, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Paul M. Hassoun Lab

    The Paul M. Hassoun Lab leads research on the source and treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in scleroderma.

    Research Areas: pulmonary arterial hypertension, scleroderma, hypertension, lung disease

    Principal Investigator

    Paul Hassoun, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Pulmonary Infection and Inflammation Research Lab

    The Jia lab performs basic and translational research into the mechanisms of and therapeutic strategy for viral and bacterial infection-induced inflammatory lung diseases, one of the leading causes of death in pulmonary diseases, especially for the ongoing pandemic of the SARS-CoV-2 mediated COVID-19. Our work has identified novel roles of Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the inflammatory response to viral and bacterial lung infection and its complex contributions into the pathogenesis and disease progression and outcome of COVID-19. In seeking to translate these findings to clinical studies, we have been working on a collaboration with other investigators, developing novel diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic tools in combating the devastating COVID-19, even in the era of effective vaccine prevention. These studies are funded by NIAID.

    Research Areas: RAS, viral and bacterial lung infection, inflammatory lung disease

    Principal Investigator

    Hongpeng Jia, M.D., M.Sc.

    Department

    Surgery

  • Rachel Damico Lab

    Work in the Rachel Damico Lab explores topics within the fields of vascular biology and pulmonary medicine, with a focus on acute lung injury and apoptosis in lung diseases. Our studies have included examining idiopathic and scleroderma-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension, vascular receptor autoantibodies, and the link between inflammation and the Warburg phenomenon in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. We have also researched the inhibitory factor of macrophage migration and its governing of endothelial cell sensitivity to LPS-induced apoptosis.

    Research Areas: critical care medicine, acute lung injury, lung disease, vascular biology, apoptosis

    Principal Investigator

    Rachel Damico, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Robert Fitzgerald Laboratory

    The Robert Fitzgerald Laboratory studies cardiopulmonary physiology, especially cardiopulmonary control. We have focused in particular on the operation of the carotid body and the role of acetylcholine in its functioning. We have also examined the reflex effects of carotid body stimulation in various organs as well as the reflex response of ACTH and adrenal cortical hormones to hypoxic peripheral arterial chemoreceptor stimulation. We are currently interested in the spleen, as it is the only organ other than the lung that demonstrates increased vascular resistance in response to local hypoxia.

    Research Areas: acetylcholine, carotid body, cardiopulmonary diseases, lung disease, hypoxia

    Principal Investigator

    Robert Fitzgerald, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Robert H. Brown Lab

    Work in the Robert H. Brown Lab explores several topics within pulmonary physiology, with a long-term goal of understanding the structural changes in the lungs that lead to the pathophysiology of lung disease. Our core studies examine the structure-function relationship of pulmonary airways and vessels as well as their role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and reactive airway disease. Recent research has involved studying the mechanisms and treatment of COPD progression, new methods for treating asthma, and lung inflation and airway hyperresponsiveness. We are also exploring the impact of HIV infection on the etiology of lung disease and the pathophysiologic consequences of lung distention.

    Research Areas: asthma, HIV, pulmonary physiology, lung disease, COPD, reactive airway disease

  • Robert Wise Lab

    The Robert Wise Lab conducts clinical trials to study chronic obstructive lung diseases (COPD). We investigate inhaled corticosteroids in patients with mild to moderate COPD and the effectiveness of anti-inflammatories in allowing lung growth in mild to moderate asthmatic children. Our research includes exploring the efficacy of various treatments for asthmatic women who are pregnant and of lung-volume reduction surgery for emphysema patients. We also conduct studies of the clinical epidemiology, pathobiology and treatment of interstitial lung disease in patients with scleroderma.

    Research Areas: critical care medicine, emphysema, scleroderma, pulmonary medicine, asthma, lung-volume reduction surgery, COPD

    Principal Investigator

    Robert Wise, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Sanjay Desai Lab

    Research in the Sanjay Desai Lab focuses primarily on clinical outcomes in survivors of critical illnesses, such as acute lung injury. We also investigate techniques to improve graduate medical education and are conducting a clinical trial on the comparative effectiveness of models that optimize patient safety and resident education. Our research examines factors such as residency work-hour reform, hand hygiene practices and the use of etiquette-based communication.

    Research Areas: medical education, critical care medicine, lung disease

    Principal Investigator

    Sanjay Desai, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Sonye Danoff Lab

    Research in the Sonye Danoff Lab includes both basic and translational studies of lung fibrosis. We have explored topics such as the role of support measures and palliative care, pulmonary manifestations of Sjogren's syndrome, idiopathic inflammatory myopathies and the treatment of cough in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Our research has also involved investigating the lung as a potential target for the immune reaction in myositis.

    Research Areas: myositis, interstitial lung diseases, Sjogren's syndrome, lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis, autoimmune diseases

    Principal Investigator

    Sonye Danoff, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

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