Research Lab Results for imaging
Ami Shah LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Ami Shah, M.D.
Researchers in the Ami Shah Lab study scleroderma and Raynaud’s phenomenon. We examine the rela...tionship between cancer and scleroderma, with a focus on how and if cancer causes scleroderma to develop in some patients. We are currently conducting clinical research to study ways to detect cardiopulmonary complications in patients with scleroderma, biological and imaging markers of Raynaud’s phenomenon, and drugs that improve aspects of scleroderma. view moreResearch Areas: Raynaud's phenomenon, cancer, scleroderma, drugs, cardiovascular diseases
Andrew Laboratory: Center for Cell DynamicsLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Deborah Andrew, Ph.D., M.S.
Researchers in the Center for Cell Dynamics study spatially and temporally regulated molecular ...events in living cells, tissues and organisms. The team develops and applies innovative biosensors and imaging techniques to monitor dozens of critical signaling pathways in real time. The new tools help them investigate the fundamental cellular behaviors that underlie embryonic development, wound healing, cancer progression, and functions of the immune and nervous systems. view moreResearch Areas: immunology, cancer, epithelial tube, nervous system, molecular biology
Biophotonics Imaging Technologies (BIT) LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Xingde Li, Ph.D.
Research in the Biophotonics Imaging Technologies (BIT) Laboratory focuses on developing optica...l imaging and nano-biophotonics technology to reduce the random sampling errors in clinical diagnosis, improve early disease detection and guidance of biopsy and interventions, and improve targeted therapy and monitoring treatment outcomes. The imaging technologies feature nondestructiveness, unique functional and molecular specificity, and multi-scale resolution (from organ, to architectural morphology, cellular, subcellular and molecular level). The nano-biophotonics technologies emphasize heavily on biocompatibility, multi-function integration and fast track clinical translation. These imaging and nano-biophotonics technologies can also be potentially powerful tools for basic research such as for drug screening, nondestructive assessment of engineered biomaterials in vitro and in vivo, and for studying brain functions on awake animals under normal or controlled social conditions. view moreResearch Areas: drug screening, imaging, brain, nano-biophotonics
Cammarato LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Anthony Cammarato, Ph.D.
The Cammarato Lab is located in the Division of Cardiology in the Department of Medicine at the... Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. We are interested in basic mechanisms of striated muscle biology.Research Areas: muscle development, genetics, myopathic processes, striated muscle biology, muscle function, myopathy, muscle physiology
We employ an array of imaging techniques to study “structural physiology” of cardiac and skeletal muscle. Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly, expresses both forms of striated muscle and benefits greatly from powerful genetic tools. We investigate conserved myopathic (muscle disease) processes and perform hierarchical and integrative analysis of muscle function from the level of single molecules and macromolecular complexes through the level of the tissue itself.
Anthony Ross Cammarato, MD, is an assistant professor of medicine in the Cardiology Department. He studies the identification and manipulation of age- and mutation-dependent modifiers of cardiac function, hierarchical modeling and imaging of contractile machinery, integrative analysis of striated muscle performance and myopathic processes. view more
Cardiology Bioengineering LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Henry Halperin, M.D.
The Cardiology Bioengineering Laboratory, located in the Johns Hopkins Hospital, focuses on the... applications of advanced imaging techniques for arrhythmia management. The primary limitation of current fluoroscopy-guided techniques for ablation of cardiac arrhythmia is the inability to visualize soft tissues and 3-dimensional anatomic relationships.Research Areas: magnetic resonance imaging, CPR models, cardiac mechanics, MRI-guided therapy, ischemic tachycardia, arrhythmia, cardiology, sudden cardiac death, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, computational modeling
Implementation of alternative advanced modalities has the potential to improve complex ablation procedures by guiding catheter placement, visualizing abnormal scar tissue, reducing procedural time devoted to mapping, and eliminating patient and operator exposure to radiation.
Active projects include
• Physiological differences between isolated hearts in ventricular fibrillation and pulseless electrical activity
• Successful ablation sites in ischemic ventricular tachycardia in a porcine model and the correlation to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
• MRI-guided radiofrequency ablation of canine atrial fibrillation, and diagnosis and intervention for arrhythmias
• Physiological and metabolic effects of interruptions in chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Henry Halperin, MD, is co-director of the Johns Hopkins Imaging Institute of Excellence and a
professor of medicine, radiology and biomedical engineering. Menekhem M. Zviman, PhD is the laboratory manager.
Center for Infection and Inflammation Imaging ResearchLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Sanjay Jain, M.B.B.S., M.D.
In conjunction with the Molecular Imaging Center, the Center for Infection and Inflammation Ima...ging Research core provides state-of-the art small animal imaging equipment, including PET, SPECT, CT and US, to support the wide range of scientific projects within the diverse research community of the Johns Hopkins University and beyond. Trained technologists assist investigators in the use of these facilities. view moreResearch Areas: infectious disease, imaging, inflammation
Center for Research on Cardiac Intermediate FilamentsLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Giulio Agnetti, Ph.D.
The CRCIF was established to foster collaborative efforts aimed at elucidating the role of inte...rmediate filaments (IFs) in the heart. Intermediate filaments constitute a class of cytoskeletal proteins in metazoan cells, however, different from actin microfilaments and tubulin microtubules, their function in cardiac cells is poorly understood. Unique from the other two components of the cytoskeleton, IFs are formed by cell type-specific proteins. Desmin is the main component of the IFs in the cardiac myocytes. We measured the consistent induction of desmin post-translational modifications (PTMs, such as phosphorylation, etc.) in various clinical and experimental models of heart failure. Therefore, one of our main focuses is to determine the contribution of desmin PTMs to the development of heart failure in different animal and clinical models.Research Areas: heart failure, intermediate filaments
• Quantification of desmin PTM-forms in different forms of heart failure at the peptide level using mass spectrometry
• Functional assessment of the role of desmin PTMs in heart failure development using single site mutagenesis and biophysical methods
• Molecular characterization of desmin preamyloid oligomers using mass spectrometry, in vitro and in vivo imaging
• Assessment of the diagnostic and pharmacological value of desmin PTMs in heart failure development view more
Clifton O. Bingham III LabPrincipal Investigator:
Clifton O. Bingham, M.D.
Research in the Clifton O. Bingham III Lab focuses on defining clinical and biochemical disease... phenotypes related to therapeutic responses in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis; developing rational clinical trial designs to test new treatments; improving patient-reported outcome measures; evaluating novel imaging modalities for arthritis; and examining the role of oral health in inflammatory arthritis. view moreResearch Areas: biochemistry, imaging, osteoarthritis, clinical trials, inflammation, oral health, rheumatoid arthritis
CORE-320 Multicenter Trial LabPrincipal Investigator:
Armin Arbab-Zadeh, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H.
The central theme of the CORE-320 Multicenter Trial Lab’s research is to support the Coronary A...rtery Evaluation Using 320-Row Multidetector CT Angiography (CORE 320) study, a multi-center multinational diagnostic study with the primary objective to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 320-MDCT for detecting coronary artery luminal stenosis and corresponding myocardial perfusion deficits in patients with suspected CAD compared with the reference standard of conventional coronary angiography and SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.Research Areas: cardiac imaging, cardiac computing tomography, coronary risk prediction, heart attack prevention
Armin Arbab-Zadeh, MD, PhD, is an associate professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Director of Cardiac Computed Tomography in the Division of Cardiology at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.
Research Areas: coronary/cardiac imaging, coronary risk prediction, heart attack prevention, cardiac computed tomography, coronary circulation and disease
Dara Kraitchman LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Dara Kraitchman, V.M.D., Ph.D., M.S.
Radiology and Radiological Science
The Dara Kraitchman Laboratory focuses on non-invasive imaging and minimally invasive treatment... of cardiovascular disease. Our laboratory is actively involved in developing new methods to image myocardial function and perfusion using MRI. Current research interests are aimed at determining the optimal timing and method of the administration of mesenchymal stem cells to regenerate infarcted myocardium using non-invasive MR fluoroscopic delivery and imaging. MRI and radiolabeling techniques include novel MR and radiotracer stem cell labeling methods to determine the location, quantity and biodistribution of stem cells after delivery as well as to noninvasively determine the efficacy of these therapies in acute myocardial infarction and peripheral arterial disease.Research Areas: imaging, cardioavascular, radiology, MRI, cardiomyopathy
Our other research focuses on the development of new animal models of human disease for noninvasive imaging studies and the development of promising new therapies in clinical trials for companion animals.
Dmitri Artemov LabPrincipal Investigator:
Dmitri Artemov, Ph.D.
Radiology and Radiological Science
The Artemov lab is within the Division of Cancer Imaging Research in the Department of Radiolog...y and Radiological Science. The lab focuses on 1) Use of advanced dynamic contrast enhanced-MRI and activated dual-contrast MRI to perform image-guided combination therapy of triple negative breast cancer and to assess therapeutic response. 2) Development of noninvasive MR markers of cell viability based on a dual-contrast technique that enables simultaneous tracking and monitoring of viability of transplanted stems cells in vivo. 3) Development of Tc-99m and Ga-68 angiogenic SPECT/PET tracers to image expression of VEGF receptors that are involved in tumor angiogenesis and can be important therapeutic targets. 4) Development of the concept of “click therapy” that combines advantages of multi-component targeting, bio-orthogonal conjugation and image guidance and preclinical validation in breast and prostate cancer models. view moreResearch Areas: VEGF receptors image expression, SPECT/PET tracers, tracking stem cells in vivo, triple-negative breast cancer, image-guided combination therapy, MRI, noninvasive MR markers, cancer imaging
Elizabeth Tucker LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Elizabeth Tucker, M.D.
Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Research in the Elizabeth Tucker Lab aims to find treatments that decrease neuroinflammation an...d improve recovery, as well as to improve morbidity and mortality in patients with infectious neurological diseases. We are currently working with Drs. Sujatha Kannan and Sanjay Jain to study neuroinflammation related to central nervous system tuberculosis – using an animal model to examine the role of neuroinflammation in this disease and how it can differ in developing brains and adult brains. Our team also is working with Dr. Jain to study noninvasive imaging techniques for use in monitoring disease progression and evaluating treatment responses. view moreResearch Areas: infectious disease, imaging, neuroinflammation, morbidity, tuberculosis
Gregory Kirk LabPrincipal Investigator:
Gregory Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H.
Research in the Gregory Kirk Lab examines the natural history of viral infections — particularl...y HIV and hepatitis viruses — in the U.S. and globally. As part of the ALIVE (AIDS Linked to the Intravenous Experience) study, our research looks at a range of pathogenetic, clinical behavioral issues, with a special focus on non-AIDS-related outcomes of HIV, including cancer and liver and lung diseases. We use imaging and clinical, genetic, epigenetic and proteomic methods to identify and learn more about people at greatest risk for clinically relevant outcomes from HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections. Our long-term goal is to translate our findings into targeted interventions that help reduce the disease burden of these infections. view moreResearch Areas: global health, Hepatitis, Africa, AIDS, cancer, HIV, drugs, liver diseases
Healthy Brain ProgramLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Leah Rubin, Ph.D., M.A., M.P.H.
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
The Brain Health Program is a multidisciplinary team of faculty from the departments of neurolo...gy, psychiatry, epidemiology, and radiology lead by Leah Rubin and Jennifer Coughlin. In the hope of revealing new directions for therapies, the group studies molecular biomarkers identified from tissue and brain imaging that are associated with memory problems related to HIV infection, aging, dementia, mental illness and traumatic brain injury. The team seeks to advance policies and practices to optimize brain health in vulnerable populations while destigmatizing these brain disorders.Research Areas: HIV infection, mental illness, aging, traumatic brain injury, dementia
Current and future projects include research on: the roles of the stress response, glucocorticoids, and inflammation in conditions that affect memory and the related factors that make people protected or or vulnerable to memory decline; new mobile apps that use iPads to improve our detection of memory deficits; clinical trials looking at short-term effects of low dose hydrocortisone and randomized to 28 days of treatment; imaging brain injury and repair in NFL players to guide players and the game; and the role of inflammation in memory deterioration in healthy aging, patients with HIV, and other neurodegenerative conditions. view more
Huang LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Chuan-Hsiang Huang, M.D., Ph.D.
Our lab is interested in understanding the fundamental mechanisms of how cells move and implica...tions in disease treatment. We use an interdisciplinary approach involving fluorescent live cell imaging, genetics, and computer modeling to study the systems level properties of the biochemical networks that drive cell migration. view moreResearch Areas: pathology
Inoue LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Takanari Inoue, Ph.D.
Complexity in signaling networks is often derived from co-opting one set of molecules for multi...ple operations. Understanding how cells achieve such sophisticated processing using a finite set of molecules within a confined space--what we call the "signaling paradox"--is critical to biology and engineering as well as the emerging field of synthetic biology.Research Areas: biochemistry, cell biology, chemotaxis, cancer, signaling paradox, signaling networks, molecular biology, synthetic biology
In the Inoue Lab, we have recently developed a series of chemical-molecular tools that allow for inducible, quick-onset and specific perturbation of various signaling molecules. Using this novel technique in conjunction with fluorescence imaging, microfabricated devices, quantitative analysis and computational modeling, we are dissecting intricate signaling networks.
In particular, we investigate positive-feedback mechanisms underlying the initiation of neutrophil chemotaxis (known as symmetry breaking), as well as spatio-temporally compartmentalized signaling of Ras and membrane lipids such as phosphoinositides. In parallel, we also try to understand how cell morphology affects biochemical pathways inside cells. Ultimately, we will generate completely orthogonal machinery in cells to achieve existing, as well as novel, cellular functions. Our synthetic, multidisciplinary approach will elucidate the signaling paradox created by nature. view more
In-vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging CenterLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Zaver Bhujwalla, Ph.D., M.Sc.
Radiology and Radiological Science
The In-vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center conducts multidisciplinary research on cellul...ar and molecular imaging related to cancer. We provide resources, such as consultation on biostatistics and bioinformatics and optical imaging and probe development, to understand and effectively treat cancer. Our molecular oncology experts consult on preclinical studies, use of human tissues, interpretation of data and molecular characterization of cells and tumor tissue. view moreResearch Areas: optical imaging, molecular characterization of tumor tissue, bioinformatics, molecular oncology, biostatistics, probe development, molecular characterization of cells, cancer imaging
J. Webster Stayman LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Web Stayman, Ph.D., M.S.
The J. Webster Stayman Lab studies both emission tomography and transmission tomography (CT, to...mosynthesis and cone-beam CT). Our research activities relate to 3-D reconstruction, including model-based statistical / iterative reconstruction, regularization methods and modeling of imaging systems. We are developing a generalized framework for penalized likelihood (PL) reconstruction combining statistical models of noise and image formation with incorporation of prior information, including patient-specific prior images, atlases and models of components / devices known to be in the field of view. Our research includes algorithm development and physical experimentation for imaging system design and optimization. view moreResearch Areas: 3-D, imaging, emission tomography, transmission tomography, radiology, computed tomography
James Pekar LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
James Pekar, Ph.D.
Radiology and Radiological Science
How do we see, hear, and think? More specifically, how can we study living people to understand... how the brain sees, hears, and thinks? Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a powerful anatomical imaging technique widely used for clinical diagnosis, was further developed into a tool for probing brain function. By sensitizing magnetic resonance images to the changes in blood oxygenation that occur when regions of the brain are highly active, we can make "movies" that reveal the brain at work. Dr. Pekar works on the development and application of this MRI technology.Research Areas: magnetic resonance, functional magnetic resonance imaging, radiology
Dr. Pekar is a biophysicist who uses a variety of magnetic resonance techniques to study brain physiology and function. Dr. Pekar serves as Manager of the F.M. Kirby Research Center for Functional Brain Imaging, a research resource where imaging scientists and neuroscientists collaborate to study brain function using unique state-of-the-art techniques in a safe comfortable environment, to further develop such techniques, and to provide training and education. Dr. Pekar works with center staff to serve the center's users and to keep the center on the leading edge of technology.