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Displaying 1 to 20 of 22 results for health disparities

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  • Allan Gelber Lab

    The Allan Gelber Lab conducts research on the clinical epidemiology of rheumatic disorders. Our recent studies have explored topics that include the predicting factors of prevalent and incident gout; cardiovascular disease burden and risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis; autoantibodies in both primary and secondary SjogrenÕs syndrome; and predictors of outcomes in patients with scleroderma. In addition, we have a long-standing interest in the ways in which racial differences affect disease manifestations in relation to rheumatic disorders.

    Research Areas: rheumatology, gout, Sjogren's syndrome, scleroderma, race, health disparities, rheumatoid arthritis

    Principal Investigator

    Allan Gelber, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Anika Alvanzo Lab

    Work in the Anika Alvanzo Lab focuses on screening and interventions for at-risk substance use, and race, ethnicity and sex differences in substance use disorders.

    Research Areas: substance abuse, race, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Anika Alvanzo, M.D., M.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb Lab

    Research in the Cheryl Dennison Lab aims to improve cardiovascular care for high-risk groups through multidisciplinary and health information technology-based methods. Our studies focus on reducing system and provider obstacles to implementing cardiovascular guidelines in various health care environments. Additional research interests include chronic illness management, quality of care, interdisciplinary teamwork and provider behavior.

    Research Areas: cardiovascular diseases, quality of care, information technology, health disparities

  • Debra Roter Lab

    The Debra Roter Lab focuses on patient-provider communication. Our work includes basic social psychology studies of communication dynamics and interpersonal influence; studies of health education and services; clinical investigation of patient and physician interventions aimed at enhancing communication quality and its positive impact on patient outcomes; and educational applications for training and evaluating teaching strategies to improve physician communication skills. We have recently examined links between the ethnicities and genders of patients and physicians and their communication styles and care outcomes.

    Research Areas: medical education, patient-provider relationships, race, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Debra Roter, D.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Deidra Crews Lab

    Research in the Deidra Crews Lab focuses on health disparities in chronic kidney disease. We have studied how social determinants of health, such as poverty and healthful food access, affect disparities in kidney disease outcomes. Our research on end-stage renal disease includes studies of the best timing and environment to initiate dialysis among vulnerable populations.

    Research Areas: poverty, chronic kidney disease, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Deidra Crews, M.D., Sc.M.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Edward Kraus Lab

    The Edward Kraus Lab investigates the factors that impact the long-term success or failure of kidney transplants as well as barriers to nephrology care and transplants in minority populations. We research many topics dealing with kidney transplant rejection, including diagnostic criteria, infection risk and incompatibility factors. Our lab also has a longstanding interest in pancreas transplants and has conducted research to establish guidelines for diagnosing antibody-mediated rejection of pancreas allografts-updated Banff grading schema.

    Research Areas: kidney transplants, nephrology, health disparities, pancreas transplants

    Principal Investigator

    Edward Kraus, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Erica Johnson Lab

    Research in the Erica Johnson Lab investigates infection control in military deployment environments as well as infections that are associated with combat trauma. We explore topics such as HIV outcomes, gender-based health issues and disparities in care.

    Research Areas: gender-based health issues, infectious disease, combat trauma, HIV, deployment infection control, health disparities

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Erica Johnson, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Kelly Gebo Lab

    Work in the Kelly Gebo Lab focuses on topics such as evidence-based practice, health utilization, policy generation, health disparities in patient access to health care, HIV/AIDS, aging and hepatitis. As part of the HIV Research Network (HIVRN), our lab gathers clinical and demographic data on HIV-infected patients to help develop a single, nationwide research database. In addition, our ongoing research explores evidence-based practice in relation to the management of hepatitis C as well as HIV/AIDS in mentally ill patients. We also investigate racial and gender disparities in patients who receive highly active antiretroviral therapy.

    Research Areas: Hepatitis, AIDS, HIV, aging, health care policy, evidence-based medicine, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Kelly Gebo, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Kimberly Skarupski Lab

    Research in the Kimberly Skarupski Lab focuses on depression, geriatric medicine, psychiatry and the behavioral sciences. Recent studies have investigated various aspects of cognitive decline in biracial older adult and urban older adult community-based populations. Additional studies have investigated depression symptoms, disability and worship practices in older adults, with particular attention to racial disparities in these areas.

    Research Areas: disabilities, behavioral research, depression, race, gerontology, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Kim Skarupski, M.A., M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Kristin Riekert Lab

    Work in the Kristin Riekert Lab focuses on methods for improving health care quality and delivery, particularly among underserved and disadvantaged populations. Our research covers a range of important topics, including health beliefs, treatment adherence, doctor-patient communication, self-management interventions, mobile health initiatives, health disparities and patient-reported outcome methodology. We also work with the National Institutes of Health on multiple intervention trials focused on improving adherence and health outcomes in asthma, chronic kidney disease, cystic fibrosis (CF), sickle cell disease and secondhand smoke reduction.

    Research Areas: health care quality, treatment adherence, cystic fibrosis, patient-provider relationships, chronic illnesses, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Kristin Riekert, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Laura Gitlin Lab

    Research in the Laura Gitlin Lab focuses on aging in place, family caregiving, nonpharmacologic approaches to dementia care and functional disability. We study quality-of-life improvements for people with dementia or functional difficulties and their caregivers, including adaptive aids such as assistive devices and environmental modifications. Other research investigates disparities in mental health in older African Americans undergoing treatment for depression.

    Research Areas: assistive devices, African Americans, depression, aging, family-centered care, evidence-based medicine, dementia, gerontology, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Laura Gitlin, M.A., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Lilly Engineer Lab

    Research in the Lilly Engineer Lab examines the quality and safety of medical care, with a focus on rural and underserved communities. Our current research evaluates methods for improving immunization rates among inner-city populations of school-aged children. We are also exploring the effect of federal policy changes and health care market forces on rural hospitals in the United States.

    Research Areas: safety, quality of life, rural health care, health disparities

  • Lisa Cooper Lab

    The Lisa Cooper Lab is dedicated to researching patient-centered interventions for improving health outcomes and overcoming racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Our primary focus is on the factors of physician communication skills and cultural competence training, patient shared decision-making and self-management skills training. Recently, we have explored patient-centered depression care for African Americans, tactics for improving patient-physician communication about management of hypertension, and reducing ethnic and social disparities in health. In addition, we are currently researching racial disparities in cardiovascular health outcomes for patients living in Baltimore.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, patient-centered health care, patient-provider relationships, hypertension, race, health services research, cultural competence, health disparities

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Lisa Cooper, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Meredith McCormack Lab

    Research in the Meredith McCormack Lab deals primarily with pulmonary diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the role of environmental exposures in lung diseases. We have researched the factors that contribute to inner-city asthma, with a focus on how particulate matter air pollution impacts pulmonary function. We are also part of the LIBERATE clinical study, which is focused on patients who experience difficulty breathing and have been diagnosed with severe emphysema. We also have a longstanding interest in the effects of race/ethnicity, poverty and urbanization on nutrition and food allergies.

    Research Areas: emphysema, environmental exposure, asthma, lung disease, COPD, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Meredith McCormack, M.D., M.H.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Michelle Eakin Lab

    The Michelle Eakin Lab conducts research on behavioral science and adherence and asthma outcomes in inner-city children. Our studies into behavioral science have included exploring the impact of medication adherence on lung health outcomes in patients with cystic fibrosis, disparities in anti-hypertensive medication adherence in adolescents and other key topics. We also investigate methods for improving asthma care and treatment as well as health disparities among various ethnicities, particularly in pediatric patients.

    Research Areas: cystic fibrosis, asthma, behavioral medicine, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Michelle Eakin, M.A., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Morgan Grams Lab

    Research in the Morgan Grams Lab focuses on preventing and improving the complications associated with chronic kidney disease. Recent work includes examining the racial differences in and prognostic value of biomarkers of hyperglycemia. We’ve also developed an online tool to help identify living kidney donor candidates. The tool assesses the long-term risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by weighing a variety of factors.

    Research Areas: organ donors, hyperglycemia, biomarkers, chronic kidney disease, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Morgan Grams, M.D., M.H.S., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Rahul Koka Lab

    Research in the Rahul Koka Lab focuses on pediatric airways, patient safety and health disparities. Recent studies have focused on the relationship between socioeconomic status and perioperative outcomes and patient safety factors related to interoperative cardiac arrests. We also performed effects analyses of the maintenance and repair of anesthetic equipment in various medical environments.

    Research Areas: airway diseases, patient safety, pediatrics, health disparities

  • Raquel Greer Lab

    Work in the Raquel Greer Lab focuses primarily on health disparities in chronic kidney disease. Our most recent research explored the challenges perceived by primary care providers in educating patients about chronic kidney disease as well as physicians’ views on barriers to adequate preparation of patients for renal replacement therapy. We also are interested in examining how clinical-patient communication can impact quality of care in the primary care setting.

    Research Areas: primary care, kidney diseases, patient-provider relationships

    Principal Investigator

    Raquel Greer, M.D., M.H.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Rasika Mathias Lab

    Research in the Rasika Mathias Lab focuses on the genetics of asthma in people of African ancestry. Our work led to the first genomewide association study of its kind in 2009. Currently, we are analyzing the whole-genome sequence of more than 1,000 people of African ancestry from the Consortium on Asthma among African-ancestry Populations in the Americas (CAAPA). CAAPA’s goal is to use whole-genome sequencing to expand our understanding of how genetic variants affect asthma risk in populations of African ancestry and to provide a public catalog of genetic variation for the scientific community. We’re also involved in the study of coronary artery disease though the GeneSTAR Program, which aims to identify mechanisms of atherogenic vascular diseases and attendant comorbidities.

    Research Areas: heart disease, African Americans, asthma, genomics, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Rasika Mathias, Sc.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • The Boss Lab

    The Boss Lab's research focus is on patient experience, health disparities, and surgical outcomes and utilization. Studies include shared decision-making, communication, and patient/parent-reported outcomes for elective surgery in children; patient satisfaction metrics, outcomes, and health correlates in surgery and pediatrics; patient and family-centered care and communication in surgery and pediatrics; racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in pediatric surgical care utilization and outcomes; and quality and safety in pediatric surgical care

    Research Areas: communication, quality and safety in pediatric surgical care, disparities in pediatric care, pediatric surgical care, family-centered care

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