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  • Alain Labrique Lab

    The Alain Labrique Lab conducts research on infectious diseases and public health. Our team studies the various factors that lead to maternal and neonatal mortality, particularly in underserved populations in South Asia, using the tools of infectious disease epidemiology, molecular biology and biostatistics. We work to better understand factors such as the interface of micronutrient deficiency and maternal/infant mortality and the prevention of nosocomial infections through mechanistic or nutritional interventions. We also have a longstanding interest in technologies that may enable early detection of disease.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, mobile health, Hepatitis, neonatal, infectious disease, public health, biostatistics, nosocomial infections, molecular biology

  • Alison E. Turnbull Lab

    Research in the Alison E. Turnbull Lab focuses on patient-clinician interactions. We study decision-making processes for ICU patients and their families and focus on the long-term outcomes of ICU survivors. Additional research examines ways to improve end-of-life care for patients.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, palliative care, medical decision making, ICU

  • Allan Gelber Lab

    The Allan Gelber Lab conducts research on the clinical epidemiology of rheumatic disorders. Our recent studies have explored topics that include the predicting factors of prevalent and incident gout; cardiovascular disease burden and risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis; autoantibodies in both primary and secondary SjogrenÕs syndrome; and predictors of outcomes in patients with scleroderma. In addition, we have a long-standing interest in the ways in which racial differences affect disease manifestations in relation to rheumatic disorders.

    Research Areas: rheumatology, gout, Sjogren's syndrome, scleroderma, race, health disparities, rheumatoid arthritis

    Principal Investigator

    Allan Gelber, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Anna Durbin Lab

    The Anna Durbin Lab evaluates experimental vaccines through human clinical trials. We have conducted both pediatric and adult clinical trials on vaccines for HIV, hepatitis C, HPV, influenza, malaria, dengue virus, rotavirus and other viruses. We also have a longstanding interest in better understanding the immunologic factors of dengue infection and disease. We’re working to identify the viral, host and immunologic factors that cause severe dengue illness.

    Research Areas: dengue fever, epidemiology, international health, vaccines, HPV, clinical trials, HIV, malaria, hepatitis C, flu

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Anna Durbin, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Ariel Green Lab

    Research in the Ariel Green Lab focuses on informing and improving decisions surrounding the use of invasive medical technologies for older adults with complex medical diseases. Our long-term goals are to conduct epidemiologic research, create public health initiatives, and help shape policies that improve the lives of older adults.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, health care policy, decision making, gerontology

    Principal Investigator

    Ariel R. Green, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Bryan Lau Lab

    The Bryan Lau Lab is interested in epidemiological and statistical methods for cohort studies and the application of these methods primarily to HIV cohort studies. We’re particularly interested in developing new methods and using approaches from other disciplines as novel solutions to specific epidemiologic issues.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, cohort studies, AIDS, HIV, biostatistics

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Bryan Lau, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • C. John Sperati Lab

    Research in the C. John Sperati Lab focuses on hypertension and kidney diseases. Topics of recent studies include novel treatments for these conditions, secondary hypertension and the genetic epidemiology of chronic kidney disease. Within the area of hypertension, we are particularly interested fibromuscular dysplasia, hyperaldosteronism, atherosclerotic renal arterial disease and genetic hypertensive syndromes.

    Research Areas: kidney diseases, fibromuscular dysplasia, hypertension, hyperaldosteronism, atherosclerosis

    Principal Investigator

    C. John Sperati, M.D., M.H.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Caleb Alexander Lab

    Research in the Caleb Alexander Lab examines prescription drug use. This includes studies of population-based patterns and determinants of pharmaceutical use, clinical decision-making about prescription drugs, and the effect of changes in regulatory and payment policies on pharmaceutical utilization. We have special expertise in conducting survey-based studies and analyzing secondary data sources, including administrative claims, the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, medical decision making, drug safety, patient-provider relationships, pharmacoepidemiology, drugs

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    G Alexander, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Clare Rock Lab

    Dr. Clare Rock is an assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Associate hospital Epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Faculty Member at Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality. Her research interest focuses the prevention of pathogen transmission in the hospital environment. This includes novel strategies of improving patient room cleaning and disinfection, including human factors engineering approaches, and conducting robust clinical trials to examine effectiveness of "no touch" novel technologies such as UV-C light. She has particular interest in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae transmission in the hospital environment, including outbreak management, and transmission and epidemiology of Clostridium difficile. Her other area of interest is diagnostic stewardship, and the behavioral, cultural and human factors aspects of implementation of initiatives to enhance appropriate use of ...diagnostic tests. She leads a national initiative, as part of the High Value Practice Academic Alliance, examining strategies for appropriate testing for Clostridium difficile. This is a wider implementation of work that Dr. Rock conducted with The Johns Hopkins Health System facilities.

    Dr. Rock has multiple sources of grant funding including from the Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and industry. Dr. Rock is Vice Chair of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America Research Network, and serves on the SHEA research committee. Dr. Rock earned her M.B.B.Ch. at the University College Dublin School of Medicine, National University of Ireland, and her MS masters of clinical science of research at the University of Maryland, where she received the MS scholar award for epidemiology.
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    Research Areas: diagnostic stewardship, Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), infections, infection control, hospital epidemiology, quality of care

    Principal Investigator

    Clare Rock, M.B.B.Ch.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Cullman Chemoprotection Center

    Research in the Cullman Chemoprotection Center focuses on developing nutritional strategies for chronic disease prevention in humans. Our work draws from natural product chemistry, enzymology, nutritional epidemiology and clinical research. A number of our studies look at the glucosinolates and isothiocyanates found in cruciferous vegetables and in Moringa oleifera, also known as the “drumstick tree.” Our team has found that broccoli sprouts are a rich source of the enzyme inducers that detoxify carcinogens and that two of the inducers — sulforaphane in broccoli and isothiocyanate in Moringa oleifera — act as strong antibiotics against Helicobacter pylori, which can cause peptic ulcer disease and stomach cancer.

    Research Areas: nutrition, chemoprotection, cancer, disease prevention, chemistry

  • Cynthia Sears Laboratory

    Work in the Cynthia Sears Laboratory focuses on the bacterial contributions to the development of human colon cancer and the impact of the microbiome on other cancers and the therapy of cancer. The current work involves mouse and human studies to define how enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis, pks+ Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium nucleatum, biofilms and the colonic microbiota induce chronic colonic inflammation and colon cancer. Prospective human studies of the microbiome and biofilms in screening colonoscopy are in progress as are studies to determine if and how the microbiome impacts the response of individuals with cancer to immunotherapy and other cancer therapies.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, AIDS, microbiome, colon cancer, enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis, chronic colonic inflammation

    Principal Investigator

    Cynthia Sears, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • David Celentano Lab

    The David Celentano Lab studies behavioral and social epidemiology by integrating behavioral science theory and research with epidemiology methods. Our team directs epidemiological investigations and stages preventive interventions targeting HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, opioids, AIDS, HIV, sexually transmitted diseases

    Principal Investigator

    David Celentano, Sc.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • David Dowdy Lab

    The David Dowdy Lab conducts research in the field of infectious disease epidemiology. We use an interdisciplinary approach that involves infectious disease modeling, health economics, classical epidemiology, and operational and implementation science. Much of our work explores the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis. We also have a longstanding interest in “translational epidemiology,” with a goal of developing methods to help medical professionals who use epidemiological data make decisions that are in the best interest of patients and public health.

    Research Areas: health economics, epidemiology, infectious disease, tuberculosis

    Principal Investigator

    David Dowdy, M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D., Sc.M.

    Department

    Medicine

  • David Sack Lab

    Research in the David Sack Lab focuses on enteric infections. Our team has worked to develop laboratory detection methods to better understand the epidemiology of these agents. We also work to create appropriate clinical management strategies, such as antibiotics and rehydration methods, for enteric infections. Our work has included participating in the development of vaccines for a range of bacterial infections, including rotavirus, cholera and enterotoxigenic E. coli.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, international health, cholera, infectious disease, diarrhea, malaria, tuberculosis

    Principal Investigator

    David Sack, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Dhananjay Vaidya Lab

    Research conducted in the Dhananjay Vaidya Lab focuses on the prevention of heart disease, with special emphasis on cardiometabolic risk factors, genetics in high-risk families, cardiovascular epidemiology, statistics and vascular biology. We also provide consultation on study design as well as plan and oversee data analyses for projects supported by the Center for Child and Community Health Research.

    Research Areas: heart disease, epidemiology, data analysis, cardiometabolic risk factors, statistics, study design, cardiovascular, genomics, vascular biology

    Principal Investigator

    Jay Vaidya, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Eliseo Guallar Lab

    Research in the Eliseo Guallar Lab focuses on the epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. We have a special interest in the roles played by mercury, arsenic, lead and cadmium in cardiovascular disease development. Our methodological interests include determining threshold effects in epidemiological studies and applying statistical methods to epidemiological problem-solving.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, cardiovascular diseases, heavy metals

    Principal Investigator

    Eliseo Guallar, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Elizabeth Selvin Lab

    The Elizabeth Selvin Lab examines the intersection of epidemiology, clinical policy and public health policy. One of our key goals is to use the findings of epidemiologic research to inform the screening, diagnosis and treatment of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and kidney disease. Much of our work looks at biomarkers and diagnostics related to diabetes and diabetes complications. Our findings — linking hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) to diabetic complications and identifying the role of A1c in diabetes diagnosis — have influenced clinical practice guidelines.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, biomarkers, kidney diseases, obesity, diabetes, health care policy, cardiovascular diseases

    Principal Investigator

    Elizabeth Selvin, M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Epidemiology Research Group in Organ Transplantation

    ERGOT specializes in epidemiology transplantation and hosts over 40 data analysts and researchers in the field.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, kidney transplants

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Dorry Segev, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Surgery

  • Graham Mooney Lab

    Work in the Graham Mooney Lab focuses on the history of public health interventions as well as the impact of public health policies on population health outcomes. Our research includes topics such as the history of public health in the United Kingdom and United States during the 19th and 20th centuries, and the historical geographies of health and medicine. We also explore infectious disease surveillance and control and historical epidemiology and demography.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, infectious disease, public health, history of medicine

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Graham Mooney, Ph.D.

    Department

    History of Medicine

  • Grant (Xuguang) Tao Lab

    Research in the Grant (Xuguang) Tao Lab explores environmental and occupational epidemiology topics, including workers' compensation and injuries, and nosocomial infections. We conduct research through clinical trials and systematic literature reviews, and also use cancer registry data and GIS applications in environmental epidemiological research. Our recent studies have explored topics such as the effectiveness of lumbar epidural steroid injections following lumbar surgery, the effect of physician-dispensed medication on workers' compensation claim outcomes and how the use of opioid and psychotropic medications for workers' compensation claims impacts lost work time.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, drug safety, cancer, nosocomial infections, GIS applications

    Principal Investigator

    Grant Tao, M.D., M.S., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Gregory Diette Laboratory

    The Gregory Diette Laboratory studies the epidemiology of lung diseases. Our focus is on asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and environmental causes of lung disease, including allergens and particulate matter.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, asthma, allergies, lung disease, COPD

    Principal Investigator

    Gregory Diette, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Healthy Brain Program

    The Brain Health Program is a multidisciplinary team of faculty from the departments of neurology, psychiatry, epidemiology, and radiology lead by Leah Rubin and Jennifer Coughlin. In the hope of revealing new directions for therapies, the group studies molecular biomarkers identified from tissue and brain imaging that are associated with memory problems related to HIV infection, aging, dementia, mental illness and traumatic brain injury. The team seeks to advance policies and practices to optimize brain health in vulnerable populations while destigmatizing these brain disorders.

    Current and future projects include research on: the roles of the stress response, glucocorticoids, and inflammation in conditions that affect memory and the related factors that make people protected or or vulnerable to memory decline; new mobile apps that use iPads to improve our detection of memory deficits; clinical trials looking at short-term effects of low dose hydrocortisone and randomized to 28 day...s of treatment; imaging brain injury and repair in NFL players to guide players and the game; and the role of inflammation in memory deterioration in healthy aging, patients with HIV, and other neurodegenerative conditions. view more

    Research Areas: HIV infection, mental illness, aging, traumatic brain injury, dementia

  • Hsin-Chieh Yeh Lab

    Work in the Hsin-Chieh Yeh Lab focuses on clinical trials and cohort studies of diabetes, obesity and behavioral intervention, cancer and hypertension. Recent investigations have focused on novel risk factors and complications related to obesity and type 2 diabetes, particularly lung function, smoking and cancer. We recently co-led a randomized clinical trial of tailored dietary advice for consumption of dietary supplements to lower blood pressure and improve cardiovascular disease risk factors in hypertensive urban African Americans.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, African Americans, cancer, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, behavioral medicine

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • J. Hunter Young Lab

    Research in the J. Hunter Young Lab focuses on the genetic epidemiology and physiology of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors, especially hypertension, diabetes and obesity. Current activities include an observational study of hypertension among African Americans; a genetic epidemiology study of worldwide cardiovascular disease susceptibility patterns; and several population-based observational studies of cardiovascular and renal disease. A recent focus group study found that changes in housing and city policies might lead to improved environmental health conditions for public housing residents.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, kidney diseases, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, genomics, physiology, cardiovascular diseases

    Principal Investigator

    Jeffery Young, M.D., M.H.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Jeanne Clark Lab: GIM Research

    Research in the Jeanne Clark Lab covers a wide range of fields, employing various research techniques, methods and procedures to generate and disseminate the knowledge required to prevent disease and its consequences. Our most recent research program, Look AHEAD, focuses on the health of overweight volunteers with type 2 diabetes. We are examining the long-term effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention program designed to achieve and maintain weight loss by decreased caloric intake and increased physical activity.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, obesity, diabetes, liver diseases

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Jeanne Clark, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Jonathan Golub Lab

    Research in the Jonathan Golub Lab focuses primarily on the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB), specifically in patients infected with HIV. We work with the CDC to explore potential delays in TB diagnoses as well as the risk factors that contribute to death from TB in the United States. Our research also includes ongoing studies of HIV and TB patients in Brazil and South Africa.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, infectious disease, AIDS, HIV, tuberculosis

    Principal Investigator

    Jonathan Golub, M.P.H., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Josef Coresh Lab

    Research in the Josef Coresh Lab focuses on cardiovascular epidemiology, kidney disease and genetic epidemiology. Our team uses innovative methods to quantify disease burden and consequences in the population; studies the causes and consequences of vascular disease in the heart, kidneys and brain; and works to develop a strong scientific basis for quantifying the burden, causes and consequences of kidney disease. Working in collaboration with leading laboratories and specialists, we also aim to quantify the interplay of genes and environment in health and disease.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, genetics, kidney diseases, cardiovascular, vascular diseases

    Principal Investigator

    Josef Coresh, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Joseph Gallo Lab

    Research in the Joseph Gallo Lab focuses on the form and course of depression in older adults; treatment in primary care settings; the use of mixed methods in health services research; and the epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in the population. Using NIMH Epidemiologic Catchment Area survey data, we have conducted studies using novel statistical modeling (the MIMIC model) to explore how depression presents differently among older adults versus younger people. We are taking part in the long-term follow-up of PROSPECT (Prevention of Suicide in Primary Care Elderly – Collaborative Trial) — a randomized study of depression management in primary care practices — and have examined mortality as an outcome in the context of medical comorbidity.

    Research Areas: primary care, depression, mental illness, comorbidity, health services research, gerontology

  • Karen Bandeen-Roche Lab

    The Karen Bandeen-Roche Lab explores the application of underlying variable methods in epidemiologic and psychosocial research. Our team seeks to improve the ability to measure key outcomes like functional status and psychological disorders. Our other areas of statistical research include the study of classification and variance structure and multivariate survival analysis. We are deeply invested in the field of gerontology as well as ophthalmology and neurology.

    Research Areas: psychology, epidemiology, ophthalmology, data analysis, aging, biostatistics, gerontology, neurology

    Principal Investigator

    Karen Bandeen-Roche, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Kathryn Carson Lab

    The Kathryn Carson Lab investigates ways to improve medical research, particularly in the areas of brain and thyroid cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension, HIV and lupus. Our team seeks to help researchers optimize their studies through better study design, protocol and grant writing, data cleaning and analysis, and publication writing. We work with investigators from a wide range of departments through the Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Research.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, lupus, research methods, data analysis, cancer, hypertension, clinical trials, HIV, biostatistics, Alzheimer's disease

    Principal Investigator

    Kathryn Carson, Sc.M.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Lima Lab

    The Lima Lab’s research is concentrated on the development and application of imaging and technology to address scientific and clinical problems involving the heart and vascular system.

    Specifically, our research is focused on developing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast techniques to investigate microvascular function in patients and experimental animals with myocardial infarction; functional reserve secondary to dobutamine stimulation and myocardial viability assessed by sodium imaging; and cardiac MRI and computed tomography (CT) program development of techniques to characterize atherosclerosis in humans with cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease.

    Current projects include:
    • The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    • The MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) Study
    • The Coronary Artery Evaluation using 64-row Multidetector Computed Tomography Angiography (CORE64) Study

    Joao Lima, MD, is a professor of medicine, radiology and... epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. view less

    Research Areas: magnetic resonance, cerebrovascular, imaging, cardiovascular, cardiology, atherosclerosis, computed tomography, vascular, myocardial infarction

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Joao Lima, M.B.A., M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Lisa Cooper Lab

    The Lisa Cooper Lab is dedicated to researching patient-centered interventions for improving health outcomes and overcoming racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Our primary focus is on the factors of physician communication skills and cultural competence training, patient shared decision-making and self-management skills training. Recently, we have explored patient-centered depression care for African Americans, tactics for improving patient-physician communication about management of hypertension, and reducing ethnic and social disparities in health. In addition, we are currently researching racial disparities in cardiovascular health outcomes for patients living in Baltimore.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, patient-centered health care, patient-provider relationships, hypertension, race, health services research, cultural competence, health disparities

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Lisa Cooper, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Lisa Maragakis Lab

    Researchers in the Lisa Maragakis Lab are interested in health care-acquired infections and antimicrobial-resistant Gram-negative bacilli. We are particularly interested in the epidemiology, prevention and management of these infections.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, infections, health care-acquired infections, resistant organisms

    Principal Investigator

    Lisa Maragakis, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Margaret Daniele Fallin Lab

    Work in the Margaret Daniele Fallin Lab focuses on the genetic epidemiology of neuropsychiatric conditions. Our team primarily studies the genetic basis of autism spectrum disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We also explore the integration of genetic susceptibility and environmental risk. Our current research involves applying genetic epidemiology methods to develop applications and methods for epigenetic epidemiology, with a focus on mental health and development.

    Research Areas: autism, mental health, epidemiology, schizophrenia, genomics, bipolar disorder, neuropsychiatric disease, Alzheimer's disease

  • Mariana Lazo Lab

    The Mariana Lazo Lab studies the epidemiology of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes and obesity in adults. We also study the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on liver and cardiovascular diseases.

    Research Areas: fatty liver disease, epidemiology, alcohol, alcohol use, obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Mariana Lazo, M.D., Ph.D., Sc.M.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Mark Jennings Lab

    The Mark Jennings Lab conducts research on bacterial infection in patients with cystic fibrosis. We are currently conducting a clinical trial to investigate the epidemiology and treatment of small-colony variant staphylococcus aureus in cystic fibrosis. We’ve also recently studied eradication strategies for persistent methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection in patients with cystic fibrosis.

    Research Areas: infections, cystic fibrosis

    Principal Investigator

    Mark Jennings, M.D., M.H.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Michael Klag Lab

    The Michael Klag Lab focuses on the epidemiology and prevention of kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. Our research determined that the U.S. was experiencing an epidemic of end-stage kidney disease, pinpointed the incidence of kidney disease and published scholarship on risk factors for kidney disease such as race, diabetes and socioeconomic status. Our Precursors Study has shown that serum cholesterol measured at age 22 years is a predictor for midlife cardiovascular disease, a finding that has influenced policy about cholesterol screening in young adults. We also research health behaviors that lead to hypertension and study how differences in these behaviors affect urban and non-urban populations.

    Research Areas: longitudinal data, kidney diseases, health behaviors, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, cholesterol

    Principal Investigator

    Michael Klag, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Nae-Yuh Wang Lab

    The Nae-Yuh Wang Lab concentrates on a wide range of multicenter studies and randomized controlled trials. Recent studies have focused on pediatric cochlear implantation and longitudinal data analysis. One recent study found that partnering with primary care providers to deliver weight loss programs may promote greater participant satisfaction and weight loss. Another active study is assessing the effectiveness of promising interventions to reduce race disparities in live donor kidney transplantation.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, longitudinal data, kidney transplants, cochlear implant, biostatistics, weight loss

    Principal Investigator

    Nae-Yuh Wang, M.S., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Naresh Punjabi Lab

    The Naresh Punjabi Lab primarily studies sleep apnea, epidemiology, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Our current research focuses on the epidemiology of sleep apnea with a particular emphasis on associated sequelae, including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. We have been part of the multi-center Sleep Heart Health Study, an epidemiological study on the longitudinal effects of sleep apnea on hypertension, cardiovascular disease and mortality. Our lab is examining the independent effects of intermittent hypoxia on various pathways to help elucidate the links between sleep apnea, insulin resistance and metabolic dysfunction.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, sleep apnea

    Principal Investigator

    Naresh Punjabi, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Patrick Breysse Lab

    Research in the Patrick Breysse Lab seeks to better understand the biological, chemical and physical factors that can impact a patient’s health. Our team is currently studying the effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution on childhood asthma, respiratory tract infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other respiratory conditions. We also conduct research on secondhand smoke exposure around the world and have participated in a range of health and exposure studies in Peru, Nepal, Mongolia, Columbia and India.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, pollution, asthma, COPD, pediatrics

    Principal Investigator

    Patrick Breysse, M.H.S., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Post Lab

    The Post Lab is involved in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a collaborative study of the characteristics of subclinical cardiovascular disease (that is, disease detected non-invasively before it has produced clinical signs and symptoms) and the risk factors that predict progression to clinically overt cardiovascular disease or progression of the subclinical disease.

    As MESA researchers, we study a diverse, population-based sample of 6,814 asymptomatic men and women aged 45-84. Approximately 38 percent of the recruited participants are white, 28 percent African-American, 22 percent Hispanic, and 12 percent Asian, predominantly of Chinese descent.

    Participants were recruited from six field centers across the United States, including Johns Hopkins University. Each participant received an extensive physical exam to determine a number of conditions, including coronary calcification, ventricular mass and function, flow-mediated endothelial vasodilation, standard coron...ary risk factors, sociodemographic factors, lifestyle factors, and psychosocial factors.

    Selected repetition of subclinical disease measures and risk factors at follow-up visits have allowed study of the progression of disease. Participants are being followed for identification and characterization of cardiovascular disease events, including acute myocardial infarction and other forms of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and congestive heart failure; for cardiovascular disease interventions; and for mortality.

    Wendy S. Post, MD, MS, is an associate faculty, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, and a professor of medicine.
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    Research Areas: coronary artery disease, cardiovascular, ethnicity, pathogenesis, atherosclerosis, sudden cardiac death

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Wendy Post, M.D., M.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Qian Li Lab

    The Qian Li Lab's primary area of statistical expertise is the development and application of statistical methods for: (1) handling the truncation of information on underlying or unobservable outcomes (e.g., disability) as a result of screening, (2) missing data, including outcome (e.g., frailty) censoring by a competing risk (e.g., mortality) and (3) trajectory analysis of multivariate outcomes. Other areas of methodologic research interests include multivariate, latent variable models.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, outcomes, biostatistics

    Principal Investigator

    Qian Li, M.S., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Qian-Li Xue Lab

    The primary area of statistical expertise in the Qian-Li Xue Lab is the development and application of statistical methods for: (1) handling the truncation of information on underlying or unobservable outcomes (e.g., disability) as a result of screening, (2) missing data, including outcome (e.g., frailty) censoring by a competing risk (e.g., mortality) and (3) trajectory analysis of multivariate outcomes. Other areas of methodologic research interests include multivariate, latent variable models. In Women's Health and Aging Studies, we have closely collaborated with scientific investigators on the design and analysis of longitudinal data relating biomarkers of inflammation, hormonal dysregulation and micronutrient deficiencies to the development and progression of frailty and disability, as well as characterizing the natural history of change in cognitive and physical function over time.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, disabilities, longitudinal data, hormonal dysregulation, women's health, inflammation, frailty, biostatistics, gerontology, latent variables

    Principal Investigator

    Qian-Li Xue, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Rakhi Naik Lab

    The Rakhi Naik Lab studies sickle cell disease. We focus on complications related to the disease, including chronic kidney disease and venous thromboembolism. By defining the risks and factors for diseases related to the sickle cell trait, we hope to improve genetic counseling and screening and treatment recommendations. Other research in the lab examines the epidemiology and unique mechanisms of thrombosis in patients with hemoglobin disorders. Specifically, we are trying to identify mechanisms of hypercoagulability and develop treatments for patients with hemoglobinopathies.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, sickle cell diseases, kidney diseases, venous thromboembolism, hemoglobin disorders, genetic counseling

    Principal Investigator

    Rakhi Naik, M.D., M.H.S.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Raymond Reid Lab

    Research in the Raymond Reid Lab focuses on community health and pediatric infectious diseases among Native American populations; epidemiologic studies of enteric infections, Haemophilus influenzae, and pneumococcus; and field testing of vaccines and treatments.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, community health, vaccines, infectious disease, enteric infections

    Principal Investigator

    Raymond Reid, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Richard Chaisson Lab

    Research in the Richard Chaisson Lab primarily examines tuberculosis and HIV infection, with specific focus on global epidemiology, clinical trials, diagnostics and public health interventions. Our recent research has involved evaluating a molecular diagnostic test for tuberculosis in HIV patients; observing TB responses during treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis; and examining antiretroviral therapy adherence, virologic and immunologic outcomes in adolescents compared with adults in Southern Africa.

    Research Areas: global health, epidemiology, infectious disease, AIDS, HIV, tuberculosis

    Principal Investigator

    Richard Chaisson, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Richard Moore Lab

    Research interests in the Richard Moore Lab include clinical epidemiology, costs, cost-effectiveness and outcomes of HIV/AIDS. We recently examined whether the effect of delaying antiretroviral therapy initiation in HIV-positive adults is modified by age at entry into care.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, antiretroviral therapies, AIDS, HIV

    Principal Investigator

    Richard Moore, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Robert Wise Lab

    The Robert Wise Lab conducts clinical trials to study chronic obstructive lung diseases (COPD). We investigate inhaled corticosteroids in patients with mild to moderate COPD and the effectiveness of anti-inflammatories in allowing lung growth in mild to moderate asthmatic children. Our research includes exploring the efficacy of various treatments for asthmatic women who are pregnant and of lung-volume reduction surgery for emphysema patients. We also conduct studies of the clinical epidemiology, pathobiology and treatment of interstitial lung disease in patients with scleroderma.

    Research Areas: critical care medicine, emphysema, scleroderma, pulmonary medicine, asthma, lung-volume reduction surgery, COPD

    Principal Investigator

    Robert Wise, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Sara Cosgrove Lab

    The Sara Cosgrove Lab researches how infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria affect patients. We are interested in the methods needed to make sure patients receive the best possible antibiotic treatment, including the development of tools and programs to promote the rational use of antimicrobials. We also study the epidemiology and management of S. aureus bacteremia.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, antimicrobials, antibiotics, resistant organisms

    Principal Investigator

    Sara Cosgrove, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Sevil Yasar Lab

    Research areas in the Sevil Yasar Lab include dementia, cognitive decline, hydrocephalus and pharmacoepidemiology. Recently, we studied the ability of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors to block the rewarding effects of nicotine in squirrel monkeys.

    Research Areas: cognition, epidemiology, pharmacoepidemiology, dementia, gerontology, hydrocephalus

    Principal Investigator

    Sevil Yasar, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

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