Research Lab Results for electrophysiology
Clinical and Computational Auditory neuroscienceLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Dana Boatman, Ph.D.
Our laboratory investigates the neural bases of sound processing in the human brain. We combine... electrophysiology recordings (intracranial, scalp), behavioral paradigms, and statistical modeling methods to study the cortical dynamics of normal and impaired auditory perception. We are interested in measuring and modeling variability in spatiotemporal cortical response patterns as a function of individual listening abilities and acoustic sound properties. Current studies are investigating the role of high-frequency (>30 Hz) neural oscillations in human auditory perception. view moreResearch Areas: vestibular disorders
Dölen LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Gul Dolen, M.D., Ph.D.
The Dölen lab studies the synaptic and circuit mechanisms that enable social behaviors. We use ...a variety of techniques including whole cell patch clamp electrophysiology, viral mediated gene transfer, optogenetics, and behavior. We are also interested in understanding how these synaptic and circuit mechanisms are disrupted in autism and schizophrenia, diseases which are characterized by social cognition deficits. More recently we have become interested in the therapeutic potential of psychedelic drugs for diseases like addiction and PTSD that respond to social influence or are aggravated by social injury, We are currently using both transgenic mouse and octopus to model disease. view moreResearch Areas: autism, PTSD, LSD, social behavior, Oxytocin, MDMA, neuroscience, psychedelics
Dong LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Xinzhong Dong, Ph.D.
The Dong Laboratory has identified many genes specifically expressed in primary sensory neurons... in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Our lab uses multiple approaches, including molecular biology, mouse genetics, mouse behavior and electrophysiology, to study the function of these genes in pain and itch sensation. Other research in the lab examines the molecular mechanism of how skin mast cells sensitize sensory nerves under inflammatory states. view moreResearch Areas: skin cells, electrophysiology, genetics, itch, neuroscience, pain, molecular biology
Fuchs LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Paul Fuchs, Ph.D.
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
The Fuchs Laboratory uses cellular electrophysiology, immunolabeling and electron microscopy to... study synaptic connections between sensory hair cells and neurons in the cochlea. One effort focuses on an unusual cholinergic receptor that mediates efferent inhibition of hair cells, driving discovery of the molecular mechanisms, and offering a target for protection against acoustic trauma. A second topic concerns the small number of unmyelinated "type II" afferent neurons whose synaptic connectivity and response properties argue for a role as the pathway for noxious (too loud) sound. Our studies are motivated by curiosity about fundamental mechanisms, and to provide a foundation for understanding cochlear pathogenesis. view moreResearch Areas: synaptic connections, immunolabeling, neurons, elecrophysiology, audiology, cellular electrophysiology, hearing loss, electron microscopy, cochlea, cochlear pathogensesis
Michael Caterina LabPrincipal Investigator:
Michael Caterina, M.D., Ph.D.
The Caterina lab is focused on dissecting mechanisms underlying acute and chronic pain sensatio...n. We use a wide range of approaches, including mouse genetics, imaging, electrophysiology, behavior, cell culture, biochemistry and neuroanatomy to tease apart the molecular and cellular contributors to pathological pain sensation. A few of the current projects in the lab focus on defining the roles of specific subpopulations of neuronal and non-neuronal cells to pain sensation, defining the role of RNA binding proteins in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain, and understanding how rare skin diseases known as palmoplantar keratodermas lead to severe pain in the hands and feet. view moreResearch Areas: biophysics, biochemistry, proteomics, inflammation, pain
Neuroengineering and Biomedical Instrumentation LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Nitish Thakor, Ph.D.
The mission and interest of the neuroengineering and Biomedical Instrumentation Lab is to devel...op novel instrumentation and technologies to study the brain at several levels--from single cell to the whole brain--with the goal of translating the work into practical research and clinical applications.Research Areas: stem cells, imaging, brain, electrophysiology, neuroengineering, biomedical engineering, neuroscience
Our personnel include diverse, independent-minded and entrepreneurial students, post docs, and research faculty who base their research on modern microfabrication, stem cell biology, electrophysiology, signal processing, image processing, and integrated circuit design technologies. view more
O'Connor LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Daniel O'Connor, Ph.D., M.A.
How do brain dynamics give rise to our sensory experience of the world? The O'Connor lab works ...to answer this question by taking advantage of the fact that key architectural features of the mammalian brain are similar across species. This allows us to leverage the power of mouse genetics to monitor and manipulate genetically and functionally defined brain circuits during perception. We train mice to perform simple perceptual tasks. By using quantitative behavior, optogenetic and chemical-genetic gain- and loss-of-function perturbations, in vivo two-photon imaging, and electrophysiology, we assemble a description of the relationship between neural circuit function and perception. We work in the mouse tactile system to capitalize on an accessible mammalian circuit with a precise mapping between the sensory periphery and multiple brain areas. Our mission is to reveal the neural circuit foundations of sensory perception; to provide a framework to understand how circuit dysfunction causes mental and behavioral aspects of neuropsychiatric illness; and to help others fulfill creative potential and contribute to human knowledge. view moreResearch Areas: brain, mental illness, neuroscience, perception
O'Rourke LabLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Brian O'Rourke, Ph.D.
The O’Rourke Lab uses an integrated approach to study the biophysics and physiology of cardiac ...cells in normal and diseased states.Research Areas: biophysics, ischemia-reperfusion injury, imaging, electrophysiology, cardiovascular, arrhythmia, physiology, sudden cardiac death, molecular biology, cardiac cells
Research in our lab has incorporated mitochondrial energetics, Ca2+ dynamics, and electrophysiology to provide tools for studying how defective function of one component of the cell can lead to catastrophic effects on whole cell and whole organ function. By understanding the links between Ca2+, electrical excitability and energy production, we hope to understand the cellular basis of cardiac arrhythmias, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and sudden death.
We use state-of-the-art techniques, including single-channel and whole-cell patch clamp, microfluorimetry, conventional and two-photon fluorescence imaging, and molecular biology to study the structure and function of single proteins to the intact muscle. Experimental results are compared with simulations of computational models in order to understand the findings in the context of the system as a whole.
Ongoing studies in our lab are focused on identifying the specific molecular targets modified by oxidative or ischemic stress and how they affect mitochondrial and whole heart function.
The motivation for all of the work is to understand
• how the molecular details of the heart cell work together to maintain function and
• how the synchronization of the parts can go wrong
Rational strategies can then be devised to correct dysfunction during the progression of disease through a comprehensive understanding of basic mechanisms.
Brian O’Rourke, PhD, is a professor in the Division of Cardiology and Vice Chair of Basic and Translational Research, Department of Medicine, at the Johns Hopkins University. view more
The Arking LabPrincipal Investigator:
Dan Arking, Ph.D.
The Arking Lab studies the genomics of complex human disease, with the primary goal of identify...ing and characterizing genetics variants that modify risk for human disease. The group has pioneered the use of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which allow for an unbiased screen of virtually all common genetic variants in the genome. The lab is currently developing improved GWAS methodology, as well as exploring the integration of additional genome level data (RNA expression, DNA methylation, protein expression) to improve the power to identify specific genetic influences of disease.Research Areas: autism, genetics, aging, cardiovascular diseases, sudden cardiac death
The Arking Lab is actively involved in researching:
• autism, a childhood neuropsychiatric disorder
• cardiovascular genomics, with a focus on electrophysiology and sudden cardiac death (SCD)
• electrophysiology is the study of the flow of ions in biological tissues
Dan E. Arking, PhD, is an associate professor at the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University. view more
Zhaozhu Qiu LaboratoryLab WebsitePrincipal Investigator:
Zhaozhu Qiu, Ph.D.
Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins gating the flow of ions across the cell membran...e. Among their many functions, ion channels regulate cell volume, control epithelial fluid secretion, and generate the electrical impulses in our brain. The Qiu Lab employs a multi-disciplinary approach including high-throughput functional genomics, electrophysiology, biochemistry, and mouse genetics to discover novel ion channels and to elucidate their role in health and disease. view moreResearch Areas: ion channel, neurological disease, electrophysiology, functional genomics, sensory neuroscience