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Research Lab Results for communication

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  • Albert Lau Lab

    Lab Website

    The Lau Lab uses a combination of computational and experimental approaches to study the atomic... and molecular details governing the function of protein complexes involved in intercellular communication. We study ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), which are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate the majority of excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. iGluRs are important in synaptic plasticity, which underlies learning and memory. Receptor dysfunction has been implicated in a number of neurological disorders. view more

    Research Areas: central nervous system, synaptic plasticity, computational biology, intracellular communication, ionotropic glutamate receptors, neurological disorders
  • Amy Knight Lab

    Research in the Amy Knight Lab focuses on methods by which information technology can improve t...he quality of health care. We investigate the role computer systems can play in expanding patient-doctor communication, streamlining healthcare tasks for both medical students and practitioners, and establishing a higher standard of care. Our studies have explored the effectiveness of semi-automating daily progress notes for improved documentation, peer assessment of professional performance among hospitalists, ways to enable patient-centered care using information technology and other topics. view more

    Research Areas: outcomes, patient-provider relationships, internal medicine, information technology
  • Carey Research Group

    Principal Investigator:
    John Carey, M.D.
    Vein Centers

    John Carey’s Research Group conducts research regarding diseases of the inner ear that affect b...oth balance and hearing mechanisms. Key interests include superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS), the normal vestibular reflexes and how they change with age, novel intratympanic treatments (i.e., middle ear injections) for conditions like Menière’s disease and sudden hearing loss, and the mechanisms of vestibular migraine. With Lloyd Minor, Dr. Carey helped develop the operation to repair the superior canal in patients with SCDS using image-guided surgery. Dr. Carey has been funded by the National Institutes of Health – National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders to study inner ear balance function in Menière’s disease and steroid treatment of sudden hearing loss. view more

    Research Areas: meniere's disease, vertigo, audiology, neurotology/otology, superior canal dehiscence, cochlear implant, hearing loss
  • Debra Roter Lab

    The Debra Roter Lab focuses on patient-provider communication. Our work includes basic social p...sychology studies of communication dynamics and interpersonal influence; studies of health education and services; clinical investigation of patient and physician interventions aimed at enhancing communication quality and its positive impact on patient outcomes; and educational applications for training and evaluating teaching strategies to improve physician communication skills. We have recently examined links between the ethnicities and genders of patients and physicians and their communication styles and care outcomes. view more

    Research Areas: medical education, patient-provider relationships, race, health disparities
  • Dwight Bergles Laboratory

    Lab Website
    Principal Investigator:
    Dwight Bergles, Ph.D.
    Medicine

    The Bergles Laboratory studies synaptic physiology, with an emphasis on glutamate transporters ...and glial involvement in neuronal signaling. We are interested in understanding the mechanisms by which neurons and glial cells interact to support normal communication in the nervous system. The lab studies glutamate transport physiology and function. Because glutamate transporters play a critical role in glutamate homeostasis, understanding the transporters' function is relevant to numerous neurological ailments, including stroke, epilepsy, and neurodegenerative diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Other research in the laboratory focuses on signaling between neurons and glial cells at synapses. Understanding how neurons and cells communicate, may lead to new approaches for stimulating re-myelination following injury or disease. Additional research in the lab examines how a unique form of glia-to-neuron signaling in the cochlea influences auditory system development, whether defects in cell communication lead to certain hereditary forms of hearing impairment, and if similar mechanisms are related to sound-induced tinnitus. view more

    Research Areas: epilepsy, synaptic physiology, ALS, stroke, neuronal signaling, glutamate transport physiology and function, audiology, neuroscience, neurology, nervous system, molecular biology
  • Gail Geller Lab

    The Gail Geller Lab primarily conducts empirical quantitative and qualitative research on the e...thical and social implications of genetic testing in the adult, pediatric and family contexts. We have focused on clinical-patient communication under conditions of uncertainty; professionalism and humanism in medical education; cross-cultural variation in concepts of health and disease; and clinician suffering and moral distress. We explore these topics in a range of health care contexts, including genomics, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and palliative care. Our researchers have a longstanding interest in medical socialization, provider-patient communication under conditions of uncertainty and cultural differences in attitudes toward health and disease. We also explore the intersection of CAM and bioethics, as well as the role of palliative care in chronic diseases, such as muscular dystrophy and sickle cell disease. view more

    Research Areas: palliative care, patient-provider relationships, genomics, complementary and alternative medicines, bioethics
  • John Sampson Lab

    Lab Website

    Researchers in the John Sampson Lab investigate relevant, appropriate, affordable and sustainab...le ways to improve anesthesia and perioperative care in low-resource settings. The team’s research interests include the Universal Anesthesia Machine; interpersonal relationships between anesthesia providers and their patients; how the quality of those relationships impacts professionalism, autonomy, anxiety, patient cooperation and patient satisfaction; how disease influences cerebrovascular reactivity as measured by MRI; and how education and communication can improve medical care in Africa and other austere environments. The team is currently working with clinicians in Ghana, Ethiopia and Kenya. view more

    Research Areas: global health, Africa, perioperative care, cerebrovascular reactivity, patient-provider relationships, anesthesia
  • Kathleen Sutcliffe Lab

    Lab Website

    Researchers in the Kathleen Sutcliffe Lab study organizational adaptability, reliability and re...silience. Our work examines how factors such as management teams, group dynamics, information search processes, communication and learning processes affect organizational performance. Our team also studies how an organization’s design and culture affect members’ abilities to sense, manage and respond to dynamic demands. Additionally, our work seeks to better understand the factors that promote individual and organizational resilience. view more

    Research Areas: organizational dynamics, medical decision making, safety
  • Kristin Riekert Lab

    Work in the Kristin Riekert Lab focuses on methods for improving health care quality and delive...ry, particularly among underserved and disadvantaged populations. Our research covers a range of important topics, including health beliefs, treatment adherence, doctor-patient communication, self-management interventions, mobile health initiatives, health disparities and patient-reported outcome methodology. We also work with the National Institutes of Health on multiple intervention trials focused on improving adherence and health outcomes in asthma, chronic kidney disease, cystic fibrosis (CF), sickle cell disease and secondhand smoke reduction. view more

    Research Areas: health care quality, treatment adherence, cystic fibrosis, patient-provider relationships, chronic illnesses, health disparities
  • Laboratory of Auditory Neurophysiology

    Lab Website

    Research in the Laboratory of Auditory Neurophysiology aims to understand brain mechanism respo...nsible for auditory perception and vocal communication in a naturalistic environment. We are interested in revealing neural mechanisms operating in the cerebral cortex and how cortical representations of biologically important sounds emerge through development and learning.

    We use a combination of state-of-the-art neurophysiological techniques and sophisticated computational and engineering tools to tackle our research questions.

    Current research in our laboratory includes the following areas (1) neural basis of auditory perception, (2) neural mechanisms for vocal communication and social interaction, and (3) cortical processing of cochlear implant stimulation.
    view more

    Research Areas: neurophysiology, neuroengineering, audiology, cochlear implant, learning, language
  • Lee Bone Lab

    Research in the Lee Bone Lab uses community-based participatory approaches to promote health in... underserved urban African-American populations. We conduct randomized clinical trials on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer detection and control in order to test the success of community interventions. We focus in particular on making interventions sustainable and on implementing electronic education to improve communication. view more

    Research Areas: African Americans, cancer, diabetes, community outreach, cardiovascular diseases, community health education
  • Lisa Cooper Lab

    Lab Website

    The Lisa Cooper Lab is dedicated to researching patient-centered interventions for improving he...alth outcomes and overcoming racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Our primary focus is on the factors of physician communication skills and cultural competence training, patient shared decision-making and self-management skills training. Recently, we have explored patient-centered depression care for African Americans, tactics for improving patient-physician communication about management of hypertension, and reducing ethnic and social disparities in health. In addition, we are currently researching racial disparities in cardiovascular health outcomes for patients living in Baltimore. view more

    Research Areas: epidemiology, patient-centered health care, patient-provider relationships, hypertension, race, health services research, cultural competence, health disparities
  • Mark Dredze Lab

    Principal Investigator:
    Mark Dredze, Ph.D., M.A.
    Dermatology

    The Mark Dredze Lab investigates topics such as natural language processing, speech, machine le...arning and intelligent user interfaces. Our team is currently exploring several key health information applications, including information extraction from social media and biomedical and clinical texts. Our recent research in these areas include vaccine communication during the Disneyland measles outbreak; the validity of online drug forums for estimating trends in drug use; and the use of Twitter to examine social rationales for vaccine refusal. view more

    Research Areas: machine learning, health sciences informatics, health information, social media
  • Mary Catherine Beach Lab

    Lab Website

    Research in the Mary Catherine Beach Lab focuses on humanizing healthcare through investigation... of patient-provider communication and relationships. Current research involves investigating the theoretical foundations of respect, as well as the impact of physician attitudes and communication on patients in the primary care setting, with a specific focus on HIV, substance abuse and sickle cell disease patients. view more

    Research Areas: Patient-Clinician Communication, Respect
  • Nicole Shilkofski Lab

    Lab Website

    Work in the Nicole Shilkofski Lab aims to improve patient safety in critical care settings, wit...h a focus on resuscitation scenarios. Our research is conducted as part of the research group of the Johns Hopkins Medical Simulation Center. We investigate the communication and functionality of teams during medical crisis situations. As part of those efforts, we are designing a web-based curriculum to teach pediatric resuscitation through mannequin simulation and computer-based simulation techniques. view more

    Research Areas: critical care medicine, simulations, patient safety, quality improvement, educational technology
  • Richard Rivers Lab

    Lab Website

    The Richard Rivers Lab researches vascular communication with a focus on microcirculation physi...ology. Our team seeks to determine how metabolic demands are passed between tissue and the vascular network as well as along the vascular network itself. Our goal is to better understand processes of diseases such as cancer and diabetes, which could lead to the development of more targeted drugs and treatment. We are also working to determine the role for inwardly rectifying potassium channels (Kir) 2.1 and 6.1 in signaling along the vessel wall as well as the role of gap junctions. view more

    Research Areas: cancer, potassium, diabetes, vascular biology, vascular, microcirculation
  • S.C.O.R.E. Lab

    Lab Website
    Principal Investigator:
    Argye Hillis, M.D.
    Surgical Pathology

    The mission of the Stroke Cognitive Outcomes and Recovery (S.C.O.R.E.) Lab is to enhance knowle...dge of brain mechanisms that allow people recover language, empathy, and other cognitive and communicative functions after stroke, and to improve ways to facilitate recovery of these functions after stroke. We also seek to improve the understanding of neurobiology of primary progressive aphasia., and how to enhance communication in people with this group of clinical syndromes. view more

    Research Areas: cerebrovascular, cognitive neuroscience, dementia
  • Sarah Clever Lab

    Work in the Sarah Clever Lab focuses on medical education, patient-provider communication and t...he role of shared decision-making in patient recovery. We recently examined the ethical dilemmas of caring for “influential” patients whose attributes and characteristics (for example, social status, occupation, or position), coupled with their behavior, have the potential to significantly affect a clinician's judgment or actions. view more

    Research Areas: medical education, medical decision making, patient-provider relationships
  • Sean Berenholtz Lab

    Lab Website

    Work in the Sean Berenholtz Lab focuses on patient safety, ICU care, quality health care and ev...idence-based medicine. Two notable and successful projects include the National On The Cusp: Stop BSI project, which was implemented in 47 states with the goal of eliminating bloodstream infections, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)-funded Keystone ICU project, which improved communication and teamwork and reduced hospital-acquired infections in more than 100 ICUs in Michigan. One recent study focused on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), one of the most common type of health care-associated infections in the ICU. Existing VAP prevention intervention bundles vary widely on the interventions, but our research team described a structured approach for developing a new VAP prevention bundle. view more

    Research Areas: patient safety, quality improvement, infections, ICU, evidence-based medicine, quality of care
  • Solomon Snyder Laboratory

    Lab Website

    Information processing in the brain reflects communication among neurons via neurotransmitters.... The Solomon Snyder Laboratory studies diverse signaling systems including those of neurotransmitters and second messengers as well as the actions of drugs upon these processes. We are interested in atypical neurotransmitters such as nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and the D-isomers of certain amino acids, specifically D-serine and D-aspartate. Our discoveries are leading to a better understanding of how certain drugs for Parkinson's disease and Hungtington's disease interact with cells and proteins. Understanding how other second messengers work is giving us insight into anti-cancer therapies. view more

    Research Areas: Huntington's disease, amino acids, neurotransmitters, brain, cancer, nitric oxide, drugs, carbon monoxide, Parkinson's disease, nervous system
  • The Boss Lab

    Principal Investigator:
    Emily Boss, M.D., M.P.H.
    Vein Centers

    The Boss Lab's research focus is on patient experience, health disparities, and surgical outcom...es and utilization. Studies include shared decision-making, communication, and patient/parent-reported outcomes for elective surgery in children; patient satisfaction metrics, outcomes, and health correlates in surgery and pediatrics; patient and family-centered care and communication in surgery and pediatrics; racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in pediatric surgical care utilization and outcomes; and quality and safety in pediatric surgical care view more

    Research Areas: communication, quality and safety in pediatric surgical care, disparities in pediatric care, pediatric surgical care, family-centered care
  • Timothy Niessen Lab

    The Timothy Niessen Lab studies patient outcomes in the ICU. We are particularly interested in ...the effects of sleep quality, delirium transitions and sedation on the improvement of intensive care patients. Our investigators also focus on the practices of internal medicine interns, studying the variability of hand washing hygiene, etiquette-based communication and time spent in direct and indirect patient care. We have also studied the onset of myelopathy as a result of B12 deficiency from long-term colchicine treatment and recreational nitrous oxide use. view more

    Research Areas: medical education, safety, delirium, ICU, sedation
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