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Displaying 41 to 60 of 68 results for HIV

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  • Kelly Gebo Lab

    Work in the Kelly Gebo Lab focuses on topics such as evidence-based practice, health utilization, policy generation, health disparities in patient access to health care, HIV/AIDS, aging and hepatitis. As part of the HIV Research Network (HIVRN), our lab gathers clinical and demographic data on HIV-infected patients to help develop a single, nationwide research database. In addition, our ongoing research explores evidence-based practice in relation to the management of hepatitis C as well as HIV/AIDS in mentally ill patients. We also investigate racial and gender disparities in patients who receive highly active antiretroviral therapy.

    Research Areas: Hepatitis, AIDS, HIV, aging, health care policy, evidence-based medicine, health disparities

    Principal Investigator

    Kelly Gebo, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Ken Witwer Laboratory

    The Ken Witwer Laboratory investigates extracellular vesicles and RNA in the context of HIV infection and inflammatory disease. We are also actively assessing the effects of diet on extracellular RNA as a potential therapeutic approach.

    Research Areas: extracellular vesicles, HIV, inflammation, RNA

    Principal Investigator

    Kenneth Witwer, Ph.D.

    Department

    Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology

  • Kenrad Nelson Lab

    Research in the Kenrad Nelson Lab focuses on diseases such as hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, leprosy, nosocomial infections, tuberculosis and infections in drug users. We study populations including HIV/AIDS patients, injection drug users, blood donors and transfusion recipients in the United States as well as in China, Thailand, Bangladesh and the Republic of Georgia. We are currently investigating the connection between HIV infection and drug use as part of the ALIVE study.

    Research Areas: Hepatitis, AIDS, blood donors, HIV, drug users, leprosy, tuberculosis, nosocomial infections

    Principal Investigator

    Kenrad Nelson, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Lana Lee Lab

    The Lana Lee Lab works to create successful patient-centered care strategies for young individuals living with HIV. We focus in particular on decision making in HIV treatment for youth and on the availability of services for young people living with HIV in the United States and Uganda.

    Research Areas: patient-centered health care, medical decision making, HIV, care coordination

    Principal Investigator

    Lana Lee, M.D.

    Department

    Pediatrics

  • Larry Chang Lab

    Research in the Larry Chang Lab focuses on innovative, multidisciplinary and pragmatic approaches to impacting the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Our research investigates ways to improve HIV/AIDS care in low- and middle-income settings through strategies that include quantitative methods, qualitative methods, community-based trial designs, and behavioral science and economic evaluations. In addition, we research mobile technologies for health (mHealth) strategies for improving global public health and clinical care, including novel applications for intimate-partner violence intervention, dengue surveillance, and HIV care, surveillance and prevention.

    Research Areas: global health, infectious disease, AIDS, HIV, mHealth

    Principal Investigator

    Larry Chang, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Marvel Cognitive Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory

    The Cognitive Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory (CNRLab) is part of the Division of Cognitive Neuroscience within the Department of Neurology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Its current projects include investigating the motor system's contribution to cognitive function; HIV-related neuroplasticity and attention-to-reward as predictors of real world function; and brain function and cognition in Lyme disease.

    Research Areas: HIV, neuroplasticity, movement disorders, cognitive function

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Cherie Marvel, Ph.D.

    Department

    Neurology

  • Mary Catherine Beach Lab

    Research in the Mary Catherine Beach Lab focuses on physician mindfulness and the patient-provider relationship and how such factors impact health care quality. Current research involves investigating the theoretical foundations of respect, as well as the impact of physician attitudes and communication on patients in the primary care setting, with a specific focus on HIV, substance abuse and sickle cell disease patients. We also explore issues such as patients’ rights, mental health parity, human subject protection, genetic discrimination, human cloning and stem cell research.

    Research Areas: physician mindfulness, mental health, sickle cell diseases, substance abuse, patient-provider relationships, HIV, patients’ rights

    Principal Investigator

    Mary Catherine Beach, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Maunank Shah Lab

    Work in the Maunank Shah Lab focuses on infectious disease modeling and health economics, and seeks to investigate new strategies for diagnosing HIV and tuberculosis (TB) in areas with limited resources, both domestically and abroad. Our primary focus is TB diagnostics, with studies examining the diagnostic test accuracy, cost-effectiveness and programmatic impact of emerging diagnostics. We have developed mobile health initiatives to incorporate video-based therapy for TB treatment, and we have a longstanding interest in interventions that help to reduce or prevent HIV transmission.

    Research Areas: health economics, mobile health, infectious disease, AIDS, HIV, tuberculosis

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Maunank Shah, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Michael Melia Lab

    Research in the Michael Melia Lab focuses primarily on nocardia infections, Lyme disease and hepatitis C. Our studies have included key topics such as risk factors for incident infections during hepatitis C treatment, racial differences in eligibility for hepatitis C treatment and misdiagnosis of Lyme arthritis using the Borrelia burgdorferi immunoblot testing method. We also have a longstanding interest in medical education and work on curriculum to improve the quality of education for medical students and interns.

    Research Areas: medical education, nocardia infections, infectious disease, AIDS, HIV, Lyme disease, hepatitis C

    Principal Investigator

    Michael Melia, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Mohamed Atta Lab

    Research in the Mohamed Atta Lab focuses on kidney diseases in patients with HIV. We recently reviewed the published nephrotoxic effects of newer antiviral therapies for HIV and hepatitis C, specifically looking at the role of epithelial organic transporters in explaining renal toxicities. We also examined the relationship between the APOL1 genotype and renal histology among black patients with HIV who had undergone kidney biopsies.

    Research Areas: kidney diseases, HIV, hepatitis C

    Principal Investigator

    Mohamed Atta, M.B.B.Ch., M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Namandje N. Bumpus Lab

    The Bumpus Laboratory uses mass spectrometry and molecular pharmacology-based approaches to study the biotransformation of clinically used drugs by the cytochromes P450s. Specifically, we are studying ways to define a role for cytochrome P450-dependent metabolites in the drug-induced acute liver failure that is associated with certain antiviral drugs used to treat HIV and hepatitis C. Our long-term goal is to gain information that can be used to develop therapies that are devoid of toxic events by preventing the formation of a toxic metabolite or by developing strategies for preventing toxicity using concomitant therapy.

    Research Areas: antiviral therapy, drug metabolism, mass spectrometry, HIV, drugs, cellular signaling, cytochromes P450, pharmacology, molecular pharmacology, hepatitis C, metabolomics

    Lab Website

    Principal Investigator

    Namandje Bumpus, Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Neuroimmunopathology Lab

    The research activities of the Neuroimmunopathology Laboratory focus on studies of immunological and molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Our main areas of research include studies of neurological complications of HIV infection and AIDS, multiple sclerosis, transverse myelitis, autism and epilepsy. We seek to explore and identify immunopathological mechanisms associated with neurological disease that may be the target of potential therapeutic interventions. The laboratory collaborates with other researchers and laboratories at Johns Hopkins and other institutions in projects related with studies of the interaction between the immune and central nervous systems in pathological processes leading to neurological dysfunction.

    Research Areas: multiple sclerosis, autism, epilepsy, HIV, transverse myelitis

    Principal Investigator

    Carlos Pardo-Villamizar, M.D.

    Department

    Neurology
    Neurosurgery

  • Philip Smith Lab

    Work in the Philip Smith Lab explores several key topics within the field of sleep medicine. We investigate the role of obesity and neural control in sleep-disordered breathing as well as the impact of metabolic function on sleep apnea. We also research the ways in which HIV and its treatments impact a patient’s sleep. Our studies have included the effects of HIV and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on both sleep and daytime function as well as the relationship between systemic inflammation and sleep apnea in men with HIV.

    Research Areas: AIDS, sleep medicine, obesity, HIV, metabolic function, sleep apnea

    Principal Investigator

    Philip Smith, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Retrovirus Laboratory

    Research in the Retrovirus Laboratory focuses on the molecular virology and pathogenesis of lentivirus infections. In particular, we study the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) to determine the molecular basis for the development of HIV CNS, pulmonary and cardiac disease.

    Research projects include studies of viral molecular genetics and host cell genes and proteins involved in the pathogenesis of disease. We are also interested in studies of lentivirus replication in macrophages and astrocytes and their role in the development of disease. These studies have led us to identify the viral genes that are important in neurovirulence of SIV and the development of CNS disease including NEF and the TM portion of ENV. The mechanisms of the action of these proteins in the CNS are complex and are under investigation. We have also developed a rapid, consistent SIV/macaque model in which we can test the ability of various antiviral and neuroprotective agents to reduce the severity of CNS and ...pulmonary disease. view more

    Research Areas: HIV, genomics, pulmonology, SIV, cardiology, lentivirus

    Principal Investigator

    Janice Clements, Ph.D.

    Department

    Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology

  • Richard Chaisson Lab

    Research in the Richard Chaisson Lab primarily examines tuberculosis and HIV infection, with specific focus on global epidemiology, clinical trials, diagnostics and public health interventions. Our recent research has involved evaluating a molecular diagnostic test for tuberculosis in HIV patients; observing TB responses during treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis; and examining antiretroviral therapy adherence, virologic and immunologic outcomes in adolescents compared with adults in Southern Africa.

    Research Areas: global health, epidemiology, infectious disease, AIDS, HIV, tuberculosis

    Principal Investigator

    Richard Chaisson, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Richard Moore Lab

    Research interests in the Richard Moore Lab include clinical epidemiology, costs, cost-effectiveness and outcomes of HIV/AIDS. We recently examined whether the effect of delaying antiretroviral therapy initiation in HIV-positive adults is modified by age at entry into care.

    Research Areas: epidemiology, antiretroviral therapies, AIDS, HIV

    Principal Investigator

    Richard Moore, M.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Robert Bollinger Lab

    The key research interests in the Robert Bollinger Lab include identifying biological and behavioral risk factors for HIV transmission as well as characterizing the clinical progression and treatment of HIV and related infectious diseases. We also have a long-standing interest in optimizing health care capacity and delivery in settings with limited resources. Our work includes implementing science research projects to explore the effectiveness of initiatives such as task-shifting, clinical education, distance learning and mobile health programs as a way to improve health care in these locations.

    Research Areas: mobile health, international health, infectious disease, HIV, public health, point-of-care diagnostics, tropical medicine, tuberculosis, health care capacity

    Principal Investigator

    Robert Bollinger, M.D., M.P.H.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Robert H. Brown Lab

    Work in the Robert H. Brown Lab explores several topics within pulmonary physiology, with a long-term goal of understanding the structural changes in the lungs that lead to the pathophysiology of lung disease. Our core studies examine the structure-function relationship of pulmonary airways and vessels as well as their role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and reactive airway disease. Recent research has involved studying the mechanisms and treatment of COPD progression, new methods for treating asthma, and lung inflation and airway hyperresponsiveness. We are also exploring the impact of HIV infection on the etiology of lung disease and the pathophysiologic consequences of lung distention.

    Research Areas: asthma, HIV, pulmonary physiology, lung disease, COPD, reactive airway disease

  • Robert Siliciano Laboratory

    Research in the Robert Siliciano Laboratory focuses on HIV and antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART consists of combinations of three drugs that inhibit specific steps in the virus life cycle. Though linked to reduced morbidity and mortality rates, ART is not curative. Through our research related to latently infected cells, we've shown that eradicating HIV-1 infection with ART alone is impossible due to the latent reservoir for HIV-1 in resting CD4+ T cells.

    Our laboratory characterized the different forms of HIV-1 that persist in patients on ART. Currently, we are searching for and evaluating drugs that target the latent reservoir. We are also developing assays that can be used to monitor the elimination of this reservoir. We are also interested in the basic pharmacodynamic principles that explain how antiretroviral drugs work. We have recently discovered why certain classes of antiretroviral drugs are so effective at inhibiting viral replication. We are using this discovery along w...ith experimental and computational approaches to develop improved therapies for HIV-1 infection and to understand and prevent drug resistance. Finally, we are studying the immunology of HIV-1 infection, and in particular, the ability of some patients to control the infection without ART. view less

    Research Areas: antiretroviral therapies, HIV, drugs, pharmacology, drug resistance, T cells

    Principal Investigator

    Robert Siliciano, M.D., Ph.D.

    Department

    Medicine

  • Ronald Schnaar Lab

    The Ronald Schnaar Lab is involved in the rapidly expanding field of glycobiology, which studies cell surface glycans, lectins, and their roles in cell physiology.

    Current projects in our lab study include (1) Glycans and glycan-binding proteins in inflammatory lung diseases, (2) Ganglioside function in the brain, and (3) HIV-Tat and HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.

    Research Areas: cell physiology, HIV, neurocognitive disorders, glycobiology

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