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Conditions We Treat: Rectal Cancer

Radiation therapy can be used to treat patients with large rectal tumors. For patients with rectal cancer, radiation is more effective and tolerated better when given prior to surgery. An oral chemotherapy helps make the cancer more sensitive to the effects of radiation. At Johns Hopkins, we use multidisciplinary expertise, unique radiation technology and high-quality imaging to treat patients with rectal cancer.

Rectal Cancer: Why Choose Johns Hopkins

  • High-quality imaging is essential for effective rectal cancer treatment. In addition to advanced imaging technology, including rectal cancer protocol MRI, we have skilled radiologists who accurately interpret the images and help guide treatment planning.
  • Our multidisciplinary team of rectal cancer experts maintain close communication throughout treatment planning and treatment delivery, ensuring the best patient care. These experts include radiation oncologists, surgeons and medical oncologists.
  • Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) can be very helpful in treating patients with recurrent rectal cancer (cancer that has returned after initial treatment). Johns Hopkins is the only medical center within the Baltimore-Washington, D.C., region with the ability to provide radiation therapy in the operating room at the time of rectal cancer surgery. Our experienced surgical team works closely with our radiation oncologists to treat this aggressive, difficult-to-treat form of cancer.
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Colorectal Cancer: Jennifer’s Story

Read Jennifer’s Story to learn how Johns Hopkins used IORT to help a patient with recurrent colorectal cancer.

Our Team of Rectal Cancer Specialists

Our radiation oncologists specialize in treating rectal cancer with advanced technology and accuracy.

Photo of Dr. Victoria Jane Croog, M.D.

Croog, Victoria Jane, M.D.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sibley Memorial Hospital
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Brain Cancer, Brain Metastases, Breast Cancer, CNS Autoimmune/Inflammatory Disorders, Gastrointestinal Cancers, Gynecologic Cancers, Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, Radiation Oncology, Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Photo of Dr. Stephen C Greco, M.D.

Greco, Stephen C, M.D.

Clinical Director, The Kimmel Cancer Center Radiation Oncology at Suburban Hospital
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Liver Cancer, Lung Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Radiation Oncology
Photo of Dr. Amol K Narang, M.D.

Narang, Amol K, M.D.

Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences
Assistant Professor of Oncology
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Anal Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Hepatocellular Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Radiation Oncology

Our Rectal Cancer Treatments

Our radiation oncologists use the following types of radiation therapy to treat rectal cancer:

Patient Resources

Our Research

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  • Johns Hopkins researchers are conducting quality-of-life assessments for rectal cancer patients who receive radiation therapy. Quality-of-life assessments help determine how the toxicity level of radiation impacts the patient’s other body structures and causes complications. Our researchers are using this data to develop advanced platforms that fully explain how the radiation distribution is associated with patient outcomes.

Our Locations

Johns Hopkins Hospital

We have several convenient locations throughout the Baltimore-Washington, D.C., region that provide radiation therapy for rectal cancer.

  • The Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins Health Care & Surgery Center – Green Spring Station
  • Sibley Memorial Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins Health Care & Surgery Center – Bethesda 

Learn more about our locations.

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