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Conditions We Treat: Anal Cancer

Radiation therapy can be an effective way to treat anal cancer without surgery, thereby preserving the patient’s sphincter function. Radiation oncologists at Johns Hopkins have the experience and support required to treat anal cancer with precision while minimizing side effects.

Anal Cancer: Why Choose Johns Hopkins

  • Experienced oncologists: At Johns Hopkins, we have specialized radiation oncologists who focus on treating gastrointestinal cancer, including anal cancer. Our experienced oncologists deliver radiation therapy accurately and effectively to reduce the chances of recurrence.
    • Experience is especially important when treating anal cancer because radiation is the foundation of treatment. If radiation is done incorrectly, the cancer may return and require surgery to remove the anal canal and sphincter muscles. Surgery involves increased risk and results in a permanent colostomy for the patient.
    • When treating this relatively rare form of cancer, our oncologists know the importance of getting patients through treatment in a specific amount of time (approximately six weeks). If there are long breaks between treatments, the cancer can grow back.
  • Side effect management specialists: Our radiation oncologists are supported by a skilled team of specialists who help manage the skin, bowel and urinary side effects associated with radiation. Since side effects can be significant during radiation therapy, experienced specialists are needed to manage the side effects and optimize the treatment outcome.
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Our Team of Anal Cancer Specialists

Our radiation oncologists specialize in treating anal cancer with precision and accuracy.

Photo of Dr. Victoria Jane Croog, M.D.

Croog, Victoria Jane, M.D.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sibley Memorial Hospital
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Brain Cancer, Brain Metastases, Breast Cancer, CNS Autoimmune/Inflammatory Disorders, Gastrointestinal Cancers, Gynecologic Cancers, Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, Radiation Oncology, Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Photo of Dr. Stephen C Greco, M.D.

Greco, Stephen C, M.D.

Clinical Director, The Kimmel Cancer Center Radiation Oncology at Suburban Hospital
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Liver Cancer, Lung Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Radiation Oncology
Photo of Dr. Amol K Narang, M.D.

Narang, Amol K, M.D.

Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences
Assistant Professor of Oncology
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Anal Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Hepatocellular Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Radiation Oncology

Our Anal Cancer Treatments

Our radiation oncologists use intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to treat anal cancer. This form of radiation helps minimize the radiation exposure to other organs in the pelvis, which reduces side effects.

Our Research

  • Our researchers are conducting quality-of-life assessments after patients are treated with radiation for anal cancer. These assessments will help determine how the toxicity level of radiation impacts the patient’s various body parts and causes associated complications. Using this data, our researchers are developing sophisticated platforms that fully express how the radiation distribution is associated with patient outcomes.

Our Locations

Johns Hopkins Hospital

We have several convenient locations throughout the Baltimore-Washington, D.C., region that provide radiation therapy for anal cancer.

  • The Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins Health Care & Surgery Center – Green Spring Station
  • Sibley Memorial Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins Health Care & Surgery Center – Bethesda 

Learn more about our locations.

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