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Appetite Lab Publications

For a full list of publications click here.

Select Publications At-a-Glance:

Child Eating Behavior

Kininmoth A, Smith A, Carnell S, Steinsbekk S, Fildes A & Llewellyn C (2021) The association between childhood adiposity and appetite assessed using the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire and Baby Eating Behavior Questionnaire: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews. May;22(5):e13169. doi: 10.1111/obr.13169.  PMID: 332554425.

Carnell S, Pryor K, Mais LA, Warkentin S, Benson L & Cheng R (2016) Lunch-time food choices in preschoolers: Relationships between absolute and relative intakes of different food categories, and appetitive characteristics and weight. Physiology & behavior, 162, 151-160. PMID: 27039281, PMCID: PMC4899113.

Llewellyn CH, van Jaarsveld CHM, Johnson L, Carnell S & Wardle J (2011) Development and factor structure of the Baby Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Appetite, 57, 388-396. PMID: 21672566.

Carnell S & Wardle J (2008) Appetite and adiposity in children: evidence for a behavioral susceptibility model of obesity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 88, 22-29. PMID: 18614720.

Carnell S & Wardle J (2007) Measuring behavioural susceptibility to obesity: validation of the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Appetite, 48, 104-113. PMID: 16962207


Thapaliya G, Chen L, Jansen E, Smith KR, Sadler JR, Benson L, Papantoni A & Carnell S (2020) Familial obesity risk and current excess weight influence brain structure in adolescents. Obesity. 2020 Dec 5. Doi: 10.1002/oby.23042. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33280265.

Smith KR, Papantoni A, Veldhuizen MG, Kamath V, Harris C, Moran TH, Carnell S & Steele KE (2020). Taste-related reward is associated with weight loss following bariatric surgery. J Clin Invest. 13 Jul 2020:137772, DOI: 10.1172/JCI137772. PubMed PMID: 32427574.

Carnell S, Benson L, Chang K, Wang Z, Huo Y, Geliebter A & Peterson BS (2017) Neural correlates of familial obesity risk and overweight in adolescence. Neuroimage, 159, 236-247. PMID: 28754348, PMCID: PMC5671352.

Geliebter A, Benson L, Pantazatos S, Hirsch J & Carnell S (2015) Greater anterior cingulate activation and connectivity in response to visual and auditory high-calorie food cues in binge eating: Preliminary findings. Appetite, Epub Aug 12, 96:195-202. PMID: 26275334, PMCID: PMC4684801.

Carnell S, Benson L, Pantazatos S, Hirsch J & Geliebter A (2014) Amodal midbrain/VTA activation and functional connectivity in response to high energy-density food cues in obesity, Obesity, 22(11):2370-2378. PMID 25098957, PMCID: PMC4224976.


Portella AK*, Papantoni A*, Paquet C, Moore S, Rosch K, Mostofsky S, Lee R, Levitan R, Silveira PP, Carnell S* & Dube, L* (2020) Predicted DRD4 prefrontal gene expression moderates snack intake and stress perception in response to the environment in adolescents. PloS One.  PMID: 24153108, PMCID: PMC3872500.

Selzam S, McAdams TA, Coleman JRI, Carnell S, O’Reilly PF, Plomin R & Llewellyn CH (2018) Evidence for gene-environment correlation in child feeding: Links between common genetic variation for BMI in children and parental feeding practices. PloS Genetics, 14(11), e1007757 PMID: 30457987, PMCID: PMC6245504.

Llewellyn C, van Jaarsveld CHM, Johnson L, Carnell S & Wardle J (2010) Nature and nurture in infant appetite. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 91, 1172-1179. PMID: 20335548.

Wardle J, Carnell S, Haworth CMA, Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S & Plomin R (2008) Obesity-associated genetic variation in FTO is associated with diminished satiety. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 93, 3640-3643. PMID: 18583465.

Carnell S, Haworth CMA, Plomin R & Wardle J (2008) Genetic influence on appetite in children. International Journal of Obesity, 32, 1468-1473. PMID: 18679413.

Food Parenting

Jansen E, Thapaliya G, Aghababian A, Sadler JR, Smith KR & Carnell S (2021) Parental stress, food parenting practices and child snack intake during the COVID-19 pandemic. Appetite. Jun 1;161:105119. Doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105119. PMID: 33450298.

Warkentin S, Mais LA, Ranganath K, Jansen E & Carnell S (2020) Controlling and less controlling feeding practices are differentially associated with child food intake and appetitive behaviors assessed in a school environment. Pediatric Obesity. DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12714. PMID: 32893452.

Mais LA, Warkentin S, Vega JB, Latorre MDRDO, Carnell S & Taddei JAAC (2018). Sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural risk factors for ultra-processed food consumption in a sample of 2-9 year olds in Brazil. Public Health Nutrition. 21(1), 77-86. PMID: 28988543.

Dinkevich E, Leid L, Pryor K, Wei Y, Huberman H & Carnell S (2015) Mothers’ feeding behaviors in infancy: do they predict child weight trajectories? Obesity, Epub Nov 5. PMID: 26537027, PMCID: PMC4701590.

Carnell S, Benson L, Driggin E & Kolbe L (2014) Parent feeding behavior and child appetite: Associations depend on feeding style. International Journal of Eating Disorders, Epub Jun 27. PMID 24976396, PMCID: PMC4211951.


Smith KR, Jansen E, Thapaliya G, Aghababian AH, Chen L, Sadler JR & Carnell S (2021) The influence of COVID-19-related stress on food motivation. Appetite. PMID: 33819527, DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105233.

Sadler JR, Thapaliya G, Jansen E, Aghababian AH, Smith KR & Carnell S (2021) COVID-19 stress and food intake: protective and risk factors for stress-related palatable food intake in U.S. adults. Nutrients. PMID: 33802066, PMCID: PMC8000206, DOI: 10.3390/nu13030901.

Carnell S, Grillot C, Ungredda T, Ellis S, Mehta N, Holst J & Geliebter A (2018). Morning and afternoon appetite and gut hormone responses to meal and stress challenges in obese individuals with and without binge eating disorder. International Journal of Obesity, 42(4), 841. PMID: 29235554.

Geliebter A, Carnell S & Gluck ME (2012) Cortisol and ghrelin concentrations following a cold pressor test in overweight individuals with and without Night Eating. International Journal of Obesity, 37(8):1104-1108. PMID: 23247680, PMCID: PMC3610846.

Review papers

Thapaliya G, Sadler JR, Jansen E, Carnell S (2021) Obesity and Appetite: Evidence for a Neurobehavioural model of Obesity Risk and Maintenance, Reference module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology, Encyclopedia of Behavioural Neuroscience, Second edition, Ed. Sergio Della Sala; Elsevier.

Wood AC, Blissett JM, Brunstrom, JM, Carnell S, Faith MS, Fisher JO, Hayman LL, Khalsa AS, Hughes SO, Miller AL, Momin SR, Welsh JA, Woo JG, Haycraft E (2020) Caregiver influences on eating behaviors in your children: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Journal of the American Heart Association. PMID: 32389066.

Seymour KE, Reinblatt SP, Benson L & Carnell S (2015) Overlapping neurobehavioral circuits in ADHD, obesity, and binge eating: evidence from neuroimaging research. CNS Spectr, 20(4):401-411. DOI: 10.1017/S1092852915000383. PMID: 26098969. PMICID: PMC4560968.

Carnell S, Benson L, Pryor K & Driggin E (2013) Appetitive traits from infancy to adolescence: Using behavioral and neural measures to investigate obesity risk. Physiology & Behavior, 121:79-88. PMID: 23458627, PMCID: PMC3725261.

Carnell S, Gibson C, Benson L, Ochner C & Geliebter A (2012) Neuroimaging and obesity: current knowledge and future directions. Obesity Reviews, 13, 43-56. PMID: 21902800, PMCID: PMC3241905.

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