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Akhil Maheshwari, M.B.B.S., M.D.

Photo of Dr. Akhil Maheshwari, M.B.B.S., M.D.

Director, Division of Neonatology

Professor of Pediatrics

Languages: English, Hindi

Expertise: Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Research Interests: Neonatal intestinal injury and liver disease

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)


1800 Orleans St. The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center Building, Room 8530 Baltimore, MD 21287 map

Phone: 410-955-5259 | Fax: 410-955-0298



  • Director, Division of Neonatology
  • Vice-Chair (Integration), Department of Pediatrics
  • Josephine S. Sutland Professor of Newborn Medicine
  • Professor of Pediatrics



  • MBBS, Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University (1994)
  • MD, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (1996)


  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research / Pediatrics (1996)
  • Shands Hospital at the University of Florida / Pediatrics (2001)


  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (1999)
  • Tampa General Healthcare / Neonatal Perinatal Medicine (2004)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Pediatrics / Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (2005)
  • American Board of Pediatrics / Pediatrics (2001)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Maheshwari's research is focused on the mechanisms of inflammatory gut injury in neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a leading cause of death among premature infants. Specific areas of interest include host-microbial interaction, leukocyte trafficking, cytokines, tight junctions, macrophage function and protective factors in human milk. His laboratory has developed several pre-clinical models of NEC and neonatal intestinal injury. He also uses clinical datasets to identify novel disease associations using statistical and machine-learning tools. His clinical interests are in neonatal intestinal and liver conditions.

Selected Publications

View all on Pubmed

Ho TTB, Groer MW, Kane B, Yee AL, Torres BA, Gilbert JA, Maheshwari A. Dichotomous development of the gut microbiome in preterm infants. Microbiome. 2018; 6(1):157. PMID: 30208950, PMCID: PMC6136210

Maheshwari A, Kelly DR, Nicola T, Ambalavanan N, Jain SK, Murphy-Ullrich J, Athar M, Shimamura M, Bhandari V, Aprahamian C, Dimmitt RA, Serra R, Ohls RK. TGF-β2 suppresses macrophage cytokine production and mucosal inflammatory responses in the developing intestine. Gastroenterology. 2011; 140(1):242-53. NIHMSID: NIHMS239996; PMID: 20875417, PMCID: PMC3008335

Clinics in Perinatology, Special edition on Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Denning PW, Maheshwari A (eds); Mar 2013;40 (1)

Hematology, Immunology, and Infectious Disease: Neonatology Questions and Controversies. Ohls RK, Maheshwari A (eds). Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2nd Ed. 12 Mar 2012; ISBN-13: 978-1437726626

Hematology, Immunology & Genetics: Neonatology Questions and Controversies. Ohls RK, Maheshwari A, Christensen RD (Eds.). Philadelphia, Elsevier, 3rd Ed. 4 Sep 2018; ISBN-18: 978-0323544009; eBook ISBN: 978-0323568470; 978-0323568487

Activities & Honors


  • Pamela and Leslie Muma Chair Honoree
  • Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society
  • Research Award, University of Illinois
  • Research Scholar Award, American Gastroenterological Association


  • American Academy of Pediatrics
  • American Pediatric Society
  • NEC Society
  • Society for Pediatric Research

Professional Activities

  • Communications Committee, American Pediatric Society
  • Convener, NEC Focus Group, Pediatric Academic Societies Meetings

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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