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Aarti Mathur, M.D.

Photo of Dr. Aarti Mathur, M.D.

Assistant Professor of Surgery


Languages: English, Hindi

Expertise: Adrenal Surgery, Cervical Lymph Node Dissection, Endocrine Diseases, Endocrine Oncology, Endocrine Surgery, General Surgery, Hyperparathyroidism, Parathyroid Diseases, Parathyroid Surgery, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Diseases, Thyroid Surgery, Thyroid Tumors, Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) more

Research Interests: Clinical studies of patients with hyperparathyroidism; Outcomes after endocrine surgery, Molecular markers of thyroid cancer

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)
Appointment Phone: 443-997-1508

1800 Orleans St.
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287 map

Sibley Memorial Hospital
Appointment Phone: 443-997-1508

5255 Loughboro Road NW
Washington, DC 20016 map
Phone: 443-997-1508

Contact for Research Inquiries

600 N. Wolfe St.
Blalock Building, Suite 606
Baltimore, MD 21287 map


Aarti Mathur, M.D., is a board certified, fellowship trained endocrine surgeon in the Division of Surgical Oncology who sees patients at The Johns Hopkins Hospital and Sibley Memorial Hospital. She specializes in the surgical management of benign and malignant diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands and cervical lymph nodes. Her expertise includes thyroid surgery for nodules, goiters, Graves disease, or thyroid cancer, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy, surgery for persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism, and laparoscopic adrenalectomy. 

Dr. Mathur was born and raised in Houston, Texas. She received her undergraduate and medical degree at The University of Texas. During her surgical training, she spent several years at the National Cancer Institute as an immunotherapy and surgical oncology fellow where she performed Endocrine Surgery Research and cared for patients with advanced oncologic diseases.   Her work in this area has been published in multiple peer-reviewed journals, and she has written numerous book chapters on the surgical management of endocrine disease.  

Dr. Mathur is also an active clinician-scientist with research interests in endocrine surgical outcomes. She is the recipient of multiple research grants including the Clinician Scientist Career Development Award from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. In her spare time she enjoys cooking, running, and spending time with her family. more


  • Assistant Professor of Surgery

Departments / Divisions

  • Surgery - Surgical Oncology
  • Surgery at Sibley Memorial Hospital - Surgical Oncology



  • MD, University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine (2004)


  • MedStar Georgetown University Medical Center / General Surgery (2007)
  • MedStar Georgetown University Medical Center / General Surgery (2013)


  • National Institutes of Health-Credentialing Services Section (2011)
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Surgery (2014)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Surgery / Surgery (2014)

Additional Training

  • District of Columbia Medical License
  • Maryland Medical License

Research & Publications

Selected Publications

Mathur A, Weng J, Moses W, Steinberg SM, Rahbari R, Kitano M, Khanafshar E, Ljung B, Duh Q, Clark OH, Kebebew E. A prospective trial evaluating the accuracy of using combined clinical factors and candidate diagnostic markers to refine the accuracy of thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy. Surgery 2010. Dec; 148(6): 1170-6.

Mathur A, Moses W, Rahbari R, Khanafshar E, Duh QY, Clark O, Kebebew E. Higher Rate of BRAF mutation in papillary thyroid cancer over time: A single-institution study. Cancer 2011: Oct; 117(19):4390-5.

Mathur A, Najafian A, Schneider EB, Zeiger MA, Olson MT. Malignancy risk and reproducibility associated with atypia of undetermined significance on thyroid cytology. Surgery 2014: Dec 156(6): 1471-6.

Mathur A, Olson M, Zeiger M. Follicular Lesions of the Thyroid Gland. Surg Clin N Am. 2014: Jun; 94(3):499-513

Activities & Honors


  • American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Best Poster Competition Award
  • American Thyroid Association Training Grant
  • Marie J. Simonian Ward for Excellence in Clinical Research


  • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • American Association of Endocrine Surgeons
  • American College of Surgeons
  • American Thyroid Association
  • Association of Women Surgeons
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