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Pablo Ariel Celnik, M.D.

Photo of Dr. Pablo Ariel Celnik, M.D.

Director, Center of Excellence in Stroke Treatment, Recovery and Rehabilitation

Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Male

Languages: English, Spanish

Expertise: Brain Injury Rehabilitation, Neurologic Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Stroke, Stroke Rehabilitation, Traumatic Brain Injury

Research Interests: Interventions to enhance motor recovery after stroke.; Neurophysiology and modulation of human motor learning.

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Locations

The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Appointment Phone: 443-997-5476

600 N. Wolfe Street
Meyer Building 1-163
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 443-923-2721
Fax: 443-923-2715

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Appointment Phone: 410-502-2272

4940 Eastern Avenue
AA Suite 1654
Baltimore, MD 21224 map
Phone: 410-550-5299
Fax: 410-550-1345

Background

Dr. Pablo Celnik is director of the Johns Hopkins Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) and physiatrist-in-chief at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. He is a professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation, neurology, and neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

He serves as vice chair for research in the PM&R department, medical director of the outpatient neurorehabilitation program, and director of the Human Brain Physiology and Stimulation Laboratory. He is internationally-recognized for his expertise and research in neurologic rehabilitation, particularly with stroke and traumatic brain injury.

A native of Argentina, Dr. Celnik received his medical degree from the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine. He completed his residency training in neurology in Argentina and a fellowship in neurological rehabilitation at the University of Maryland. He also earned two research fellowships in the lab of Dr. Mark Hallett, first, and Dr. Leonardo G. Cohen later on, both at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health (NIH). In the year 2000, he entered the PM&R residency program at Johns Hopkins, where he was ultimately appointed chief resident. Since 2003, he has been part of the Johns Hopkins faculty in the PM&R, neurology and neuroscience departments.

Dr. Celnik has received numerous prestigious awards, including the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on outstanding scientists and engineers beginning their independent careers.

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Titles

  • Director, Center of Excellence in Stroke Treatment, Recovery and Rehabilitation
  • Director, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Physiatrist-in-chief, The Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Lawrence Cardinal Shehan Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Vice Chair for Research, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Medical Director, Outpatient Neurorehabilitation Program
  • Director, Human Brain Physiology and Stimulation Laboratory
  • Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Professor of Neuroscience

Centers & Institutes

Education

Degrees

  • MD, Universidad de Buenos Aires (1990)

Residencies

  • Hospital Frances / Neurology (1994)
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (2003)

Fellowships

  • Kernan Hospital (1996)
  • NIH - HCPS - NINDS / Volunteer (1996)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehab / Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (2004)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Celnik's research focuses on understanding the mechanisms underlying motor learning and motor recovery after brain lesions, and on developing new strategies to enhance motor recovery after stroke.

The aim of his research to use this knowledge to develop and test new interventions to enhance motor function in healthy individuals and in patients with neurological damage. In this area, has published more than 60 manuscripts in highly regarded journals and books.

Dr. Celnik’s research has formed the foundational knowledge for the application of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques, like transcranial magnetic and electric stimulation, to understand recovery after brain lesions, augment motor learning and design novel rehabilitation training interventions.

For his research, he was awarded the 2009 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) and other awards.

Lab

The Human Brain Physiology and Stimulation Laboratory is focused on studying the mechanisms underlying motor learning and developing interventions to modulate motor function in humans. The aim is to understand how does the central nervous system control and learn to perform motor actions in healthy individuals and in patients with neurological diseases such as stroke. Using this knowledge, the ultimate goal is to develop strategies to enhance motor function in neurological patients.

To accomplish these interests, we use different forms of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), as well as functional MRI and behavioral tasks.

Lab Website: Human Brain Physiology and Stimulation Laboratory

Clinical Trials

Investigation on the Bidirectional Cortical Neuroprosthetic System (BiCNS)

Theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation and motor learning

Effects of excitation and inhibition of the temporo-parietal cortex via tDCS on reading performance in children with dyslexia

Selected Publications

View all on Pubmed

Cherry-Allen KM, Statton MA, Celnik PA, Bastian AJ. A Dual-Learning Paradigm Simultaneously Improves Multiple Features of Gait Post-Stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2018 Aug 7:1545968318792623. doi: 10.1177/1545968318792623. PMID: 30086670

Mawase F, Lopez D, Celnik PA, Haith AM. Movement Repetition Facilitates Response Preparation. Cell Rep. 2018 Jul 24;24(4):801-808. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.06.097. PMID: 30044977

Spampinato D, Celnik P. Deconstructing skill learning and its physiological mechanisms. Cortex. 2018 Mar 27;104:90-102. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.03.017. PMID: 29775838

Ilg W, Branscheidt M, Butala A, Celnik P, de Paola L, Horak FB, Schöls L, Teive HAG, Vogel AP, Zee DS, Timmann D. Consensus Paper: Neurophysiological Assessments of Ataxias in Daily Practice. Cerebellum. 2018 Apr 14. doi: 10.1007/s12311-018-0937-2. PMID: 29656311

Ejaz N, Xu J, Branscheidt M, Hertler B, Schambra H, Widmer M, Faria AV, Harran MD, Cortes JC, Kim N, Celnik PA, Kitago T, Luft AR, Krakauer JW, Diedrichsen J. Evidence for a subcortical origin of mirror movements after stroke: a longitudinal study. Brain. 2018 Jan 31. doi: 10.1093/brain/awx384. PMID: 29394326

Academic Affiliations & Courses

Graduate Program Affiliation

Neuroscience Graduate Program

Courses and Syllabi

  • Chronic Disease Prevention
    2011
  • Non-invasive methodologies to study the cerebellum
    lecture
    2013
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
    lecture
    2012

Activities & Honors

Honors

  • Carolyn Braddom Ritzier Research Award, Association of Academic Physiatrists
  • ASNR Outstanding Neurorehabilitation Clinician Scientist Award, 2010
  • Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), 2009
  • Young Academician Award, Association of Academic Physiatrists, 2007
  • Program for Academic Leadership, Association of Academic Physiatrists
  • Best Paper Presentation Award, American Society of Neurorehabilitation, 2006
  • Clinician Scientist Award, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2006
  • Dennis W. Jahnigen Career Development Scholars Awards, American Geriatric Society, 2006
  • Women’s Board Of The Johns Hopkins Hospital Grant, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 2006
  • Best Paper Presentation Award, Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting, 2005
  • Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training Program (RMSTP), Association of Academic Physiatrists, 2003
  • ERF New Investigator Award, Foundation for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2003
  • Fellows Award for Research Excellence, National Institute of Health, 1997

Memberships

  • American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Fellow
  • Association of Academic Physiatrists
    Member
  • Neural Control of Movement Society
    Member
  • Society for Neuroscience
    Member

Professional Activities

  • Associate Editor, American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Advisory Board, Rehabilitation Medicine Training Program, Association of Academic Physiatrists
  • Research Committee Member, Association of Academic Physiatrists

Videos & Media

Dr. Pablo Celnik | Director, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Cerebro argentino: Capítulo 10: Pablo Celnik

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Podcast: Stroke Rehabilitation Part 1 and Part 2RUSK Insights on Rehabilitation Medicine (July 2018)

Video Game Used To Help Chronic Stroke Patients Learn Motor Skills | Medical Design Technology (October 2016)

Could immediate use of training help brains heal after a stroke? | PodMed Podcast (November 2016)

Pushing Neurorehabilitation to its Limits | Restore (Summer 2016)

Want to learn a new skill faster? Change up your practice sessions | Johns Hopkins Medicine (January 2016)

 

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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