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Robert Stevens, M.D.

Robert David Stevens, M.D.

Photo of Dr. Robert Stevens, M.D.

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

Specializes in: Children (1-11 years), Adolescents (12-18 years), Geriatrics (55+ years), Adults (18+ years)


Languages: English, French

Expertise: Critical Care Medicine, Epilepsy, Neurological Critical Care, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury

Research Interests: Traumatic brain injury; Stroke; Brain Mapping; Consciousness disorders

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Appointment Phone: 410-955-2611

600 N. Wolfe Street
Phipps Building, 455A
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-7481
Fax: 410-614-7903

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Appointment Phone: 410-550-0942

4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224 map
Phone: 410-550-0942
Fax: 410-550-0443


Dr. Stevens serves as an Associate Professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine with appointments in Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Neurology, Neurosurgery and Radiology. He is fellowship-trained and board-certified in critical care medicine, neurocritical care, and anesthesiology. Dr. Stevens’ areas of expertise are critical care medicine, neurologic and neurosurgical critical care, neuroanesthesiology and neuroimaging. He treats patients with trauma and traumatic brain injury, cerebrovascular diseases and stroke, seizures and epilepsy, and infections and immunological disorders of the brain. Following medical studies, Dr. Stevens received postdoctoral research training in molecular neurobiology, cellular electrophysiology, advanced magnetic resonance imaging, and brain mapping. He holds faculty appointments in the Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering, Institute for Computational Medicine and the FM Kirby Center for Functional Neuroimaging. Dr. Stevens is the North American Representative on the Council of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and was the inaugural Chair of the Research Section of Society of Critical Care Medicine. He is an Associate Editor of the journal Thorax, and serves on the Editorial Boards of Critical Care Medicine, Neurocritical Care, and Frontiers in Neurology more


  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Associate Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science



  • MD, Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve (1992)


  • University of Geneva / Anesthesiology (2000)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Anesthesiology / Anesthesiology (2012)
  • American Board of Anesthesiology / Critical Care Medicine (2013)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr Stevens’ vision is to deploy Precision Medicine for the benefit of critically ill patients. His research aims to discover and validate patient-specific biological signatures associated with trauma, surgery and acute conditions such as stroke, cardiac arrest, and sepsis. To achieve this, he engages with an interdisciplinary group of basic and systems neuroscientists, biomedical and computer engineers, biostatisticians, data scientists, and neuroradiologists. Dr Stevens is the principal investigator of the Neuroimaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) project, which examines MRI features of the brain connectome to enhance classification and prediction in patients recovering from severe brain injury. Other projects from Dr Stevens’ group analyze features captured through neurophysiologic monitoring, structural and functional MRI of the brain, serum biomarkers and wearable sensors, with the goal of enhancing classification and prediction in vulnerable, acutel ill patients. In the lab, Dr Stevens’ group studies molecular and cellular determinants of injury and recovery in experimental models of traumatic brain injury, stroke, and sepsis, with a special emphasis on neuro-immunological responses and cellular regeneration. 

Lab Website: Peter van Zijl Laboratory

Technology Expertise Keywords

Functional MRI; Brain Mapping; EEG; Wearable Sensors

Clinical Trial Keywords

Traumatic brain injury, cardiac arrest, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, delirium, encephalopathy

Selected Publications

View all on Pubmed

Sair HI, Hannawi Y, Li S, Kornbluth J, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Laureys S, Chabanne R, Jean B, Benali H, Perlbarg V, Luyt CE, Galanaud D, Velly L, Puybasset L, Pekar J, Caffo B, Stevens RD. Early functional connectome integrity and one-year recovery in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. Radiology 2017; 162161. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017162161

Hannawi Y, Lindquist MA, Caffo BS, Sair HI, and Stevens RD. Resting brain activity in humans with consciousness disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurology 2015;84:1272-128

Hinson H, Puybasset L, Weiss N, Perlbarg V, Benali H, Galanaud D, Lasarev M, Stevens RD, for the Neuro Imaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) Consortium. Neuroanatomical basis of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity: a diffusion tensor imaging analysis. Brain Injury 2015;29:455-61

Salluh JIF, Wang H, Schneider E, Nagarajan N, Yenokyan G, Damluji A, Serafim RB, Stevens RD. The Outcome of Delirium in Critically Ill Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Br Med J. 2015;350:h253

Schneider EB, Sur S, Raymont V, Duckworth J, Kowalski R, Efron DT, Hui X, Selvarajah S, Hambridge HL, Stevens RD. Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: a role for cognitive reserve? Neurology 2014; 82:1636-42

Academic Affiliations & Courses

Graduate Program Affiliation

Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering

FM Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging 

Johns Hopkins Institute for Computational Medicine 

Courses and Syllabi

  • Neuroscience in Intensive Care International Symposium
    Scientific Conference
    Neurocritical Care Society; Johns Hopkins University

Activities & Honors


  • Leadership Development Program, Johns Hopkins Medicine , 2011
  • Educational Scholarship Award, Society of Critical Care Medicine Curriculum, 2007
  • Faculty 1000 Medicine, 2007
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Critical Care Medicine (FCCM)


  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Heart Association Council on Stroke, 2002
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
  • Association of University Anesthesiologists, 2010
  • European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, 2005
  • Maryland Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
  • Society for Neuroscience, 2008
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, 2002
  • The Neurocritical Care Society, 2004

Professional Activities

  • Chair, the Society for Critical Care Medicine
    Research Section
  • Editorial board, Frontiers in Neurology, 2016
  • Editorial Board, Critical Care Medicine, 2015
  • Editorial Board, Neurocritical Care, 2015
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Critical Care, 2015
  • Editorial board, Annals of Intensive, 2011
  • Grant reviewer, Society of Critical Care Medicine Vision Grant, 2013
  • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2012
  • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2010
  • Grant reviewer, ESICM ECCRN/Industry Research, 2010
  • Editorial Board, Neurocritical Care
  • Associate Editor, Thorax

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

MRI May Predict Neurological Outcomes for Cardiac Arrest Survivors, Radiological Society of North America (October 18, 2017)

Women Athletes Have More Concussions Than Men, New Study Shows, New York Times (02/27/2015)

High School Football Tied to Brain Changes, Even Without Concussion, US News & World Report (12/01/2014)

Giving the hazards of football a closer look, Chicago Sun-Times, August 2013

Player's text: Send my brain to NFL research bank, CNN, Feb. 2011

Recovery from traumatic brain injury a long, uncertain road, The Baltimore Sun, January 2011

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