Rachel Jessica Bishop, M.D., M.P.H.

Headshot of Rachel Jessica Bishop
  • Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology

Languages: English, German


Cataracts, Comprehensive Eye Care, Dry Eyes, Glaucoma, Ophthalmology ...read more

Research Interests

Dry Eye Conditions Including Graft-Versus-Host Disease; Ebola Virus Disease; Cystinosis ...read more

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Insurance Information

Main Phone

Outside of Maryland & Washington D.C.

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International Patients

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Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute - Frederick

Appointment Phone: 301-620-9268
161 Thomas Johnson Drive
Suite 275
Frederick, MD 21702
Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute - Frederick - Google Maps


Rachel Bishop, M.D., M.P.H., is an ophthalmologist specializing in comprehensive eye care at the Wilmer Eye Institute’s locations in Frederick and Bethesda, Maryland.

Before studying medicine, Dr. Bishop was an officer in the U.S. Army, serving as a medical evacuation platoon leader and executive officer in South Korea and as a hospital administrator at Letterman Army Hospital in San Francisco.  

She then pursued her medical degree at the University of Pennsylvania and, as a medical officer in the Army, completed ophthalmology residency training at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. Following her residency, Dr. Bishop served as chief of ophthalmology at the Darnall Army Medical Center at Fort Hood in Texas. There she performed refractive surgery for thousands of soldiers before their deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan, and provided eye care for active duty military personnel, their families and retirees. 

In 2006, Dr. Bishop transferred to the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) and joined the National Eye Institute (NEI), where as chief of the consult service, she cared for people participating in clinical trials throughout the many institutes and centers of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In this role, Dr. Bishop monitored medication and treatment side effects, managed eye conditions related to NIH protocols, and provided comprehensive eye care for adults and children treated at NIH.

As a key NEI spokesperson, Dr. Bishop promoted eye health through a variety of media outlets, including TV and radio, print, and internet forums, and she helped produce educational videos and print materials for NEI. Continuing a career-long interest in medical ethics, she served as a member of NIH’s clinical bioethics committee for 12 years. In her final year at NEI, she led a strategic planning panel focused on low vision solutions and quality of life. She is interested in international public health, health economics and optimizing access to eye care through technology. 

In 2019, Dr. Bishop retired from the USPHS, where she had been deputy commander of a 130-member rapid deployment force that provided medical care for people displaced during natural disasters.

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  • Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology

Departments / Divisions



  • MD; University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (1999)


  • Ophthalmology; Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (2003)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Ophthalmology (Ophthalmology) (2004)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Bishop’s research interests have included ocular graft-versus-host disease and cystinosis, a rare disease for which she is a recognized international authority. She helped formulate international disease management guidelines regarding cystinosis.

In 2015, as part of the Ebola studies conducted by NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Dr. Bishop and her research partner, Allen Eghrari, M.D., M.P.H., from the Wilmer Eye Institute, established an eye research and care clinic in Liberia. Over five years, their studies explored the ocular effects of Ebola, viral persistence in the eye and the safety of cataract surgery for survivors. They trained primary care and eye team members to provide triage and basic eye care in outreach locations supported by telemedicine. 

Activities & Honors


  • Director’s Award (2020, 2016, 2009), National Eye Institute
  • Director’s Award (2016, 2013), National Institutes of Health
  • Outstanding Service Medal, U.S. Public Health Service, 2014
  • Field Medical Readiness Badge, U.S. Public Health Service, 2014
  • Plain Language Award, National Institutes of Health, 2012
  • Commendation Medal (2011, 2010), U.S. Public Health Service
  • Meritorious Service Medal, U.S. Army, 2006
  • Superior Unit Award, U.S. Army, 2003
  • Charles A. Oliver Memorial Prize, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 1999
  • Commendation Medal (1993, 1991), U.S. Army
  • Expert Field Medical Badge, U.S. Army, 1990


  • American Board of Ophthalmology


  • American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
  • Washington Academy of Ophthalmology
  • Society of Military Ophthalmologists

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Army Veteran Bishop Reflects on Service, Johns Hopkins Medicine (11/02/2021)

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