John Krakauer, M.D., M.A.

John Walter Krakauer, M.D., M.A.

Headshot of John Krakauer
  • Director, the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair
  • Professor of Neurology

Languages: English, Portuguese, Spanish


Acute Stroke Care, Carotid Artery Stenosis, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Ischemic Heart Disease, Moyamoya Disease, Neurology, Stroke, Stroke Imaging, Stroke Prevention, Stroke Recovery, Stroke Rehabilitation, Transient Ischemic Attack more

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)

Appointment Phone: 410-614-1522
1800 Orleans St.
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-9441

Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center (now called Levi Watkins, Jr., M.D., Outpatient Center)

601 N. Caroline St.
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-9441


Dr. John Krakauer is a Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, and Director of the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair at Johns Hopkins.

Dr. Krakauer's clinical interest is stroke, including ischemic cerebrovascular disease, subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformation, cerebral vasculitis, cerebral aneurysm, and venous and sinus thrombosis.

He received his bachelor's and master's degree from Cambridge University, and his medical degree from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons where he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society. After completing an internship in Internal Medicine at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, he returned to Columbia University for his residency in Neurology at the Neurological Institute of New York. He subsequently completed a research fellowship in motor control in the Center of Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia and a clinical fellowship in stroke at the Neurological Institute at Columbia University Medical Center. more


  • Director, the Center for the Study of Motor Learning and Brain Repair
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Professor of Neuroscience
  • Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Departments / Divisions



  • MD; Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1992)


  • Neurology; New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center (1996)


  • Neuroscience; Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1997)
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1998)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (Neurology-General) (2012)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Krakauer's research focus is in the general area of experimental and computational motor control with a particular focus on how motor learning occurs in the brain, and how such learning is affected by lesions.

Additional areas of research interest:

  1. Tracking long-term motor skill learning and its relation to higher cognitive processes such as decision making.
  2. Prediction of motor recovery after stroke
  3. Mechanisms of spontaneous motor recovery after stroke in humans and in mouse models
  4. New neuro-rehabilitation approaches for patients in the first 3 months after stroke.


The work of the Brain, Learning, Animation and Movement Laboratory can be broken down into four main areas.

  1. Tracking recovery after stroke using functional and structural imaging, non-invasive brain stimulation, psychophysics and clinical scales.
  2. A mouse model of stroke to examine the interaction between spontaneous biological recovery, training protocols, and drugs such as SSRIs.
  3. The development of interventions early after stroke that combine immersive gaming environments with 3D exoskeletal robotics and non-invasive brain stimulation.
  4. Tracking recovery of multi-tasking using video-games in patients who recover and return home after TBI-induced coma. 

Lab Website: Blam Lab

Videos & Media

Play Video:

The Johns Hopkins Hospital Comprehensive Stroke Center

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Helping Hand: Robots, video games, and a radical new approach to treating stroke patients. New Yorker (11/23/15)

Watch: How stroke patients can rewire their brains, STAT (11/13/2015)

A Simulated Dolphin to Guide Stroke Recovery, Doorways to Discovery (November 2014)

Hopkins' new video game may pave way for stroke therapy, Baltimore Sun (10/15/2014)

“I Am Dolphin”: where dolphins, gaming and neuroscience meet, Washington Post (10/10/2014)

Could a video game be the key to stroke recovery?  National Geographic (9/30/2014)

Becoming the Dolphin, Health Canal (08/10/2014)

Research On Video Games And Mental Health, NPR's Diane Rehm Show (11/27/2013)

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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