J. Fernando Arevalo, M.D., Ph.D.

Jose Fernando Arevalo, M.D., Ph.D.

Headshot of J. Fernando Arevalo
  • Chief- Wilmer at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
  • Professor of Ophthalmology

Languages: English, Spanish


Diabetic Macular Edema, Diabetic Retinopathy, Macular Degeneration, Macular Disorders, Macular Holes, Macular Puckers, Ocular Oncology, Ocular Trauma, Ophthalmology, Retinal Detachment, Retinal Disease, Retinal Surgery, Retinal Vein Occlusion, Surgical Diseases of the Retina, Uveitis ...read more

Research Interests

Vitreoretinal surgery; Diabetic retinopathy; Retinal detachments; Vitreoretinal complications of refractive surgery; Age-related macular degeneration ...read more

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-955-3518
600 N. Wolfe Street
Wilmer Eye Institute
Baltimore, MD 21287
The Johns Hopkins Hospital - Google Maps

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

Appointment Phone: 410-550-2360
4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center - Google Maps


J. Fernando Arevalo, M.D., Ph.D, F.A.C.S., is chairman of ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, and the Edmund F. and Virginia Ball Professor of Ophthalmology, specializing in vitreoretinal diseases. A gifted surgeon, he has performed more than 9000 retinal detachment operations. He also teaches and conducts clinical research that has led to advances in the treatment of complex retinal detachments, vitreo-retinal complications of refractive surgery, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration (combination therapy and anti-angiogenics).

Dr. Arevalo, completed his medical and ophthalmology training in Caracas, Venezuela, his native country, before traveling to Bogota, Colombia for a two-year Retina and Vitreous fellowship at the Barraquer Institute and the Fundacion Oftalmogica Nacional (University of El Rosario) in 1992-1993. After this intensive training, he traveled to the USA for a 2-year Retina and Vitreous/Uveitis and Intraocular Inflammation fellowship at the University of California, San Diego from 1993-1995 under the mentoring of Dr. William Freeman. The following year, Dr. Arevalo went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for his Ocular Oncology fellowship at Wills Eye Hospital under the mentoring of Drs. Jerry and Carol Shields.

Dr. Arevalo returned to Venezuela (1996), where he was appointed to the rank of Chairman of Ophthalmology at the Clinica Oftalmologica  Centro Caracas in Caracas, Venezuela, and Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Los Andes, Merida, Venezuela. Dr. Arevalo has become recognized as one of the leading ophthalmologists in South America and in 2001 founded the Arevalo-Coutinho Foundation for Research in Ophthalmology. In 2011, he joined the faculty of the Wilmer Eye Institute as chief of the retina division at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH), Wilmer's affiliate hospital in Saudi Arabia, prior to his appointment as chief of ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center in 2015. In 2018, he obtained his doctorate in ophthalmology from Stellenbosch University in South Africa. 

As a clinical scientist, Dr. Arevalo has more than 1000 scientific publications (more than 300 on MEDLINE), 15 books, more than 900 scientific paper presentations, and more than 1300 invited lecture presentations in North-America, South-America, Central-America, Europe, Africa, and Asia that have led to international recognition and awards.

Dr. Arevalo belongs to numerous scientific societies including the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, the Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology, the American Society of Retina Specialists, the Retina Society, the Macula Society, the Club Jules Gonin, the International Uveitis Study Group, the International Society of Ocular Oncology, Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, American Ophthalmological Society, and has a seat at the Academia Ophthalmologica Internationalis. Dr. Arevalo is a former President of the Pan-American Retina and Vitreous Society (2006-2008). Dr. Arevalo is currently the president of the Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology (PAAO) — a position he also held from 2017-2019. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the Pan-American Ophthalmological Foundation (PAOF).

If you would like to make a contribution using a credit card to support Dr. Fernando Arevalo's research please visit our secure online giving page by clicking here, and designate your gift Other - Dr. Fernando Arevalo.

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  • Chief- Wilmer at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
  • Edmund F. and Virginia B. Ball Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Professor of Ophthalmology

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD; Universidad Central De Venezuela (1985)


  • Ophthalmology; Instituto Venezolano de Los Seguros Sociales (1991)


  • Retina; Fondacion Oftalmologica Nacional (1993)
  • Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals (1996)
  • Retina; University of California San Diego School of Medicine (1995)

Additional Training

  • PhD: University of Stellenbosch / Ophthalmology (2018)
  • Saudi Commission for Health Specialties / Medical License
  • Maryland Board of Physicians / Medical License

Research & Publications

Technology Expertise Keywords

SS-OCT; Optical Coherence Tomography

Clinical Trial Keywords

DME-Tractional Retinal Detachment-Argus II-Uveitis-Retinal Detachment-AMD

Clinical Trials

DME, new therapies-Tractional Retinal Detachment-Argus II, new indications-Uveitis management and retinal detachment-Retinal Detachment, new instrumentation-Dry and Wet AMD

Activities & Honors


  • Life and Legacy Award, Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology, 2018
  • Lifetime Achievement Award, American Academy of Ophthalmology, 2017
  • Gradle Lecture, Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology, 2015 - 2015
  • Rhett Buckler Award, American Society of Retina Specialists, 2013
  • Retina Hall of Fame, 2017


  • President, Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

    The Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology represents more than 50,000 ophthalmologists, and it is accepted by all Latin American ophthalmologists as their one and only international representative. It is also universally recognized by the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) as the representative body of ophthalmology in the Americas including Spain, Portugal, USA, and Canada.

  • Spanish Macula Club, 2016

    The Spanish Macula Club is a non-profit European ophthalmological society based in Valencia, Spain. The main aim of the club is to establish connections and promote a collaborative exchange of ideas between specialists in vitreo-retino-choroidal pathology, imaging, and surgery of the macula.

Professional Activities

  • , Pan-American Collaborative Retina Study Group (PACORES)
  • , KKESH Uveitis Survey Study Group
  • , KKESH Collaborative Retina Study Group

Videos & Media

Lectures and Presentations

  • Argus II: The Gift of Sight
    Web conference, PAAO 2016 Webinar, Baltimore, MD (03/14/2016)
  • The Argus II Retinal Prosthesis: Surgical and Functional Outcomes in Younger Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) Patients
    Invited Talk, Vail Vitrectomy 2016, Vail, CO (02/20/2016)
  • Medical Retina - Updates in AMD and DME (CHAIR)
    Invited Talk, World Ophthalmology Congress Guadalajara 2016, Guadalajara, Mexico. (02/05/2016)
  • Vitrectomy for Diabetic Macular Edema
    Invited talk, FLORETINA, Florence, Italy (12/10/2015)
  • AAO Leadership Development Program XVII (Class of 2015) and 2014-2015 PAAO Curso de Liderazgo: Importance of PAAO Membership and Support; The Benefits of Membership
    Invited Talk, American Academy of Ophthalmology Meeting, Las Vegas, NV
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