Ivor D Berkowitz, M.B.B.Ch.

Headshot of Ivor D Berkowitz
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine


Anesthesiology, Critical Care Medicine, Interventional Pain Management ...read more

Research Interests

Ethics of brain death determination; Anesthetic implications of dwarfism; Pathophysiology of the intracranial vault in bacterial meningitis. ...read more

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Outside of Maryland & Washington D.C.

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)

Appointment Phone: 410-955-2393
1800 Orleans St.
The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center Building, Suite 6322
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Fax: 410-614-2911


Dr. Ivor Berkowitz is a Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology/ Critical Care Medicine and Pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include pediatric anesthesiology, pediatric critical care and pediatric bioethics. 

Dr. Berkowitz received his BSc and MBBCh degrees from the University of the Witwatersrand Medical School in Johannesburg, South Africa. He completed residencies in pediatrics at the University of Colorado Medical Center and in anesthesia at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and fellowships in pediatric infectious diseases at the University of Rochester Medical Center and in pediatric critical care medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He then joined the faculty of the Dept of Anesthesiology at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. He graduated with an MBA from the Johns Hopkins Care School of Business in 2008 and was recently appointed as affiliate faculty in the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics.

Over the past several decades, Dr. Berkowitz has assumed leadership positions as the Director of the Johns Hopkins Pediatric Transport Program, the Pediatric ECMO Program and the Clinical Director of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

Dr. Berkowitz’s research interests are wide and include the anesthetic implications of dwarfism, the pathophysiology of the intracranial vault in acute bacterial meningitis in children and a broad range of bioethical issues in children with critical illness especially issues relating to brain death and disorders of consciousness.

...read more


  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Professor of Pediatrics

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MBBCh; Pulse Beat Medical School (1970)


  • Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (1984)
  • Pathology; Massachusetts General Hospital (1974)
  • Pediatrics; University of Colorado School of Medicine (1979)


  • Pediatrics; Tufts University School of Medicine (1975)
  • Infectious Diseases; University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry (1980)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Anesthesiology (Anesthesiology) (1986)
  • American Board of Anesthesiology (Pediatric Anesthesiology) (2015)
  • American Board of Pediatrics (Pediatric Critical Care Medicine) (1987)
  • American Board of Pediatrics (Pediatrics) (1980)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Berkowitz’s early basic science research was focused on the determination  of cerebral and myocardial blood flow during various mechanical and pharmacological perturbations of CPR, followed by studies on the control of the cerebral circulation in animal models of acute bacterial meningitis. Subsequent clinical research, investigated anesthetic implications of dwarfism, hypertension in achondroplasia, sedation in the PICU, Chlorhexidine skin decontamination and infection prevention, early PICU mobilization and exploring ethical issues surrounding the determination of brain death, particularly challenges to the neurological determination of brain death and whether consent should be required for the conduct of the apnea test. 

Selected Publications

View all on PubMed

Berkowitz ID, Hayden WR, Traystman RJ, Jones MD. Hemophilus influenzae type B impairment of pial vessel autoregulation in rats. Pediatr Res. 1993;33(1): 48-52

Morrison W, Berkowitz I. Do not attempt resuscitation orders in pediatrics. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2007;54(5):757-772

Hoover-Fong J, Alade AY, Ain M, Berkowitz I, Bober M, Carter E, Hecht J, Hoernschemeyer D, Krakow D, MacCarrick G, Mackenzie WG, Mendoza R, Okenfuss E, Popplewell D, Raggio C, Schulze K, McGready J. Blood pressure in adults with short stature skeletal dysplasias. Am J Med Genet A. 2020;182(1):150-161

Berkowitz I, Burgart A, Truog RD, Mancuso TJ,MD, Char D, Lantos JD. Ethics Rounds: Parents demand and teen refuses epidural anesthesia. Pediatrics. 2020;145(6): e20193295

Berkowitz I, Garrett J.  Legal and Ethical Considerations for Requiring Consent for Apnea Testing in Brain Death Determination, The American Journal of Bioethics. 2020;20(6):4-16. DOI: 10.1080/15265161.2020.1754501

Activities & Honors


  • American Society of Anesthesiology
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine
  • Society of Pediatric Anesthesia
  • American Society of Bioethics and Humanities
  • Member, Extracorporeal Life Support Organization

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Palliative and Hospice Care for Dying Children, PBS, September 7, 2001 

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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