Dr. Klein is an associate professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine. He is also a senior fellow at the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy in Washington, D.C. Upon finishing his Ph.D. in ecology and evolutionary biology from Princeton University, Dr. Klein joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 2012.
Dr. Klein’s research focuses on the role of individuals in the spread of infectious diseases. This area of research sits at the nexus of economics and epidemiology, and is premised on the idea of incorporating incentives for healthy behavior and attendant behavioral responses into an epidemiological context to better understand how diseases are transmitted. This nascent field of economic epidemiology is based on the idea of improving policy responses to epidemic diseases by giving policymakers and health care providers clear tools for thinking about how certain actions can influence the spread of disease transmission. The primary disease focus of Dr. Klein’s research is antimicrobial resistance and the spread of disease within the hospital.
Dr. Klein has authored numerous publications on the evolution and spread of antimicrobial drug resistance and efforts to stop transmission in the hospital. Dr. Klein is actively involved in research efforts supported by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) as well as Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to improve infection control as well as medical decision-making to reduce the impact of antibiotic resistance.