David L. Guyton, M.D.

David L Guyton, M.D.

Headshot of David L. Guyton
  • Zanvyl Krieger Professor of Pediatric Ophthalmology
  • Professor of Ophthalmology


Amblyopia, Biomedical Engineering, Double Vision, Ophthalmic Optics, Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology, Refractive Errors, Strabismus, Surgery ...read more

Research Interests

Strabismus surgical techniques, especially adjustable sutures in children and adults; Novel instruments for screening for strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive errors; Ophthalmic instrumentation; Novel techniques for the treatment of amblyopia and defects of binocular function; Ophthalmic optics; Causes and mechanisms of changes of strabismus over time, especially cyclovertical strabismus; Novel instruments for screening for neurologic dysfunction; Feedback techniques to treat blink deficiency ...read more

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-955-8314
600 N. Wolfe Street
Wilmer Eye Institute
Baltimore, MD 21287
Fax: 410-583-2807
The Johns Hopkins Hospital - Google Maps


David L. Guyton, M.D., is the Zanvyl Krieger Professor of Pediatric Ophthalmology. He is internationally known for his contributions, inventions and teaching in the fields of ophthalmic optics, clinical refraction, potential acuity testing and ocular motility. His clinical practice in strabismus is heavily surgical, both pediatric and adult, with emphasis on re-operations and cyclovertical surgery, using adjustable sutures. Dr. Guyton is currently developing automated instruments for the vision screening of infants and children.

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  • Zanvyl Krieger Professor of Pediatric Ophthalmology
  • The Zanvyl Krieger Children's Eye Center at the Wilmer Institute
  • Professor of Ophthalmology

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD; Harvard Medical School (1969)


  • Ophthalmology; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (1976)


  • Baylor College of Medicine (1977)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Ophthalmology (Ophthalmology) (1977)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

For more information about David Guyton's research view his CV and PubMed.

Selected Publications

View all on PubMed

Guyton DL. The American Optical SR IV Programmed Subjective Refractor:    Principles of design and operation. Am J Optom Physiol Optics 1982;59:800-814. 

Guyton DL, Hunter DG, Sandruck JC, Patel SN, Fry RL. Eye fixation monitor and tracker.  U.S. Patent No. 6,027,216. February 22, 2000.

Guyton DL. Exaggerated traction test for the oblique muscles.  Ophthalmology 1981;88:1035 1039.

Guyton DL. Dissociated vertical deviation: Etiology, mechanism, and associated phenomena. Costenbader Lecture. J AAPOS 2000;4:131-144.

Guyton DL. The Mildred Weisenfeld Award Lecture:  Ocular torsion reveals the mechanisms of cyclovertical strabismus.  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2008;49:847-857.

Contact for Research Inquiries

Wilmer Institute 233, Johns Hopkins Hospital
600 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21287-9028 map

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Activities & Honors


  • Marshall M. Parks, M.D., Medal, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 2014
  • Senior Honor Award, American Academy of Ophthalmology, 1991
  • President, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus, 1993 - 1994
  • President, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1995 - 1996
  • Mildred Weisenfeld Award, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2007
  • Lifetime Achievement, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 2010


  • American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • American Optical Society
  • Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
  • American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus (AAPOS)
  • National Advisory Eye Council, National Institutes of Health – 1992-95

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Passing the Scalpel in Strabismus, Wilmer Insider (June 2021)

WRA Day: Steeped in History, Rooted in Education, Wilmer Insider (May 2021)

How to Protect Children's Eyes During Remote Learning, New York Times (Aug. 2020)

How Do Our eye Move in Perfect Synchrony?, Live Science (Jun. 2020)

Theory That da Vinci's Art Was Tied to Rare Eye Condition Refuted, CNN (Nov. 2019)

Why Rembrandt and da Vinci may have painted themselves with skewed eyes, Science News (Dec. 2019)

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