Cynthia Frances Salorio, Ph.D.

Headshot of Cynthia Frances Salorio
  • Associate Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Dr. Cynthia Salorio is an assistant professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Her primary interest is in brain-behavior relationships in children with a variety of acquired and congenital neurological disorders.

Dr. Salorio graduated in 1992 from Johns Hopkins University with a bachelor of arts in natural sciences/behavioral biology. She received her doctoral degree in clinical psychology with a specialization in neuropsychology from Washington University in St. Louis in 2000.

She also completed a pre-doctoral internship in neuropsychology and clinical child psychology at the University of California, San Diego, and a post-doctoral fellowship in pediatric neuropsychology at the Kennedy Krieger Institute. She joined Kennedy Krieger as a pediatric neuropsychologist and licensed psychologist in 2002.

Dr. Salorio has developed a noninvasive device intended to aid patients who have had an injury to their brain resulting in hemiplegia, a condition marked by severe motor deficits on one side of the body, and who also have a lack of full awareness of one side of the body. The device, called ArmAware, helps send signals to the brain and increase awareness of the affected arm. With few treatments for this condition, the simple, noninvasive device is designed to help long-term function recovery following neurological damage

She currently serves on the professional advisory board of the Hemispherectomy Foundation and the Abilities Network/Epilepsy Foundation Chesapeake Region. She is involved in several international initiatives identify best practices and standardize outcomes measurement in pediatric rehabilitation, and is a founding member of the International Pediatric Rehabilitation Collaborative, as well as a U.S. representative to the Canadian Network of Child and Youth Rehabilitation, Outcomes and Benchmarking Committee. more


  • Associate Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Joint Appointment in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Departments / Divisions



  • B.A.; Johns Hopkins University (Maryland) (1992)
  • Ph.D.; Washington University in St. Louis (Missouri) (2000)

Additional Training

  • Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, 2002, Clinical Neuropsychology

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Salorio’s recent research has focused on predictors of cognitive and functional outcomes in children following traumatic brain injury (TBI). She is currently involved with several projects investigating clinical factors (e.g., neurobiological mechanisms, secondary injury variables and rehabilitation interventions) that impact rehabilitation outcomes following TBI in children. She is also involved in studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) technology to examine brain activity and structure in children at different stages of recovery from TBI, and how it relates to neuropsychological status. Other research includes examining predictors of cognitive status in children with epilepsy, predictors of outcome after focal or hemispherectomy surgery for intractable epilepsy and investigating cognitive phenotypes in children with Rett Syndrome and known mutation types.

Selected Publications

  1. Trovato, M. K., Bradley E., Slomine B. S., Salorio C. F., Christensen J. R., & Suskauer S. J. “Physical Abilities and Mobility Scale: reliability and validity in children receiving inpatient rehabilitation for acquired brain injury.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 94(7), 1335-41. Abstract (2013).
  2. Gerring, J. P., Grados M. A., Slomine B., Christensen J. R., Salorio C. F., Cole W. R., et al. “Disruptive behaviour disorders and disruptive symptoms after severe paediatric traumatic brain injury.” Brain Injury : [BI]. 23(12), 944-55. Abstract (2009).
  3. Suskauer, S. J., Slomine B. S., Inscore A. B., Lewelt A. J., Kirk J. W., & Salorio C. F. “Injury severity variables as predictors of WeeFIM scores in pediatric TBI: Time to follow commands is best.” Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine. 2(4), 297-307. Abstract (2009).
  4. Johnson, A. R., DeMatt E., & Salorio C. F. “Predictors of outcome following acquired brain injury in children.” Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews. 15(2), 124-32. Abstract (2009).
  5. Cole, W. R., Gerring J. P., Gray R. M., Vasa R. A., Salorio C. F., Grados M., et al. “Prevalence of aggressive behaviour after severe paediatric traumatic brain injury.” Brain Injury : [BI]. 22(12), 932-9. Abstract (2008).

Contact for Research Inquiries

Kennedy Krieger Institute
707 N. Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205 map
Phone: 443-923-9440

Email me

Activities & Honors


  • Dissertation Research Award, Department of Psychology , 1998
  • Didactic Oral Examination, Pass with Distinction, 1997
  • Clinical Oral Examination, Pass with Distinction, 1997
  • Tuition Remission Fellowship, Washington University , 1995 - 1999
  • Graduated with Honors, Johns Hopkins University, 1992
  • Fellowship for Graduate Studies, Washington University , 1994


  • American Psychological Association
  • APA Division 22 (Rehabilitation Psychology) Section 1: Pediatrics
  • APA Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology)
  • International Neuropsychological Society

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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