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Christian Paul Pavlovich, M.D.

Headshot of Christian Paul Pavlovich
4.9out of 5
186 Ratings
  • Director, Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance Program
  • Professor of Urology

Languages: English, Croatian, French, German, Serbian, Spanish


Active Surveillance for Kidney Cancer, Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer, Kidney Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Robotic Prostatectomy, Urology more

Research Interests

Early detection of prostate cancer and prostatic disease; Minimally-invasive surgery; Urinary biomarkers; Prostatic disease; Prostate cancer more

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Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6100
601 N. Caroline St.
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-6100 | Fax: 410-550-3341

Johns Hopkins Medicine - Green Spring Station

Appointment Phone: 410-955-6100
10803 Falls Road
Pavilion III, Suite 3300
Lutherville, MD 21093 map
Phone: 410-616-7600


Dr. Christian P. Pavlovich is Professor of Urology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is the Director of Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance Program and Fellowship Director of Urologic Oncology for the Brady Urological Institute.

Dr. Pavlovich treats cancer with an emphasis on minimizing morbidity and maximizing quality of life, while offering patients the latest treatment options and techniques.

His clinical focus is on prostate cancer, kidney cancer, and associated disorders, and on clinical trials regarding cancer detection and cancer immunotherapy. He is experienced in performing open, laparoscopic and other minimally invasive surgeries for the management of urologic tumors, including nerve-sparing and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, laparoscopic and robotic nephrectomy, nephroureterectomy, and partial nephrectomy, and robotic radical cystectomy. In addition, he offers patients active surveillance and ablative options for their urinary malignancies including cryotherapy and prostate ablation.

He has been a National Institutes of Health- and Department of Defense-funded investigator whose research focuses on identifying early-detection methods for prostate and kidney cancer, including novel urinary biomarkers and imaging modalities for these diseases.

Dr. Pavlovich earned his medical degree at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine. He completed a urology residency at New York Hospital and a National Cancer Institute fellowship in urologic oncology before joining the Hopkins faculty in 2001.

American Board of Urology-certified, Dr. Pavlovich has published over 100 peer-reviewed articles and is on the Editorial Board of the British Journal of Urology International.

Dr. Pavlovich speaks English, French, Spanish, German, Croatian and Serbian. more


  • Director, Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance Program
  • Director, Urologic Oncology Fellowship
  • Co-Director, Prostate Cancer Multidisciplinary Clinics
  • Professor of Urology
  • Professor of Oncology

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD; University of California San Francisco School of Medicine (1993)


  • Urology; Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences (1999)


  • Urologic Oncology; National Institutes of Health (2001)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Urology (Urology) (2003)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Pavlovich is a National Institutes of Health- and Department of Defense-funded researcher whose focus is identifying early-detection methods for prostate and kidney cancer, including novel biomarkers for these diseases.

Selected Publications

View all on PubMed

Ball MW, Reese AC, Mettee L, Pavlovich C: Safety of Minimally Invasive Radical Prostatectomy in Patients with Prior Abdominopelvic or Inguinal Surgery. J Endourol. 2014 Aug 19. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25137522

Reese AC, Johnson PT, Gorin MA, Pierorazio PM, Allaf ME, Fishman EK, Netto GJ, Pavlovich CP: Pathological Characteristics and Radiographic Correlates of Complex Renal Cysts. Urol Oncol. 2014 Jul 8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:25022857

Ball MW, Bezerra SM, Gorin MA, Cowan M, Pavlovich CP, Pierorazio PM, Netto GJ, Allaf ME. Grade Heterogeneity in Small Renal Masses: Potential Implications for Renal Mass Biopsy. J Urol. 2014 Jun 21. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:24960470

Pavlovich CP, Cornish TC, Mullins JK, Fradin J, Mettee LZ, Connor JT, Reese AC, Askin FB, Luck R, Epstein JI, Burke HB: High-resolution transrectal ultrasound: Pilot study of a novel technique for imaging clinically localized prostate cancer. Urol Oncol. 2014; 32(1): 34.e27-32.

Kaye DR, Hyndman ME, Segal RL, Mettee LZ, Trock BJ, Feng Z, Su L-M, Bivalacqua TJ, Pavlovich CP: Urinary outcomes are significantly affected by nerve-sparing quality during radical prostatectomy. Urology 2013; 82(6), 1348-54.

Pavlovich CP. Reply to editorial comment on “Urinary outcomes are significantly affected by nerve sparing quality during radical prostatectomy,” Urology. 2013 Dec;82(6):1354. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.06.071. Epub 2013 Oct 3. No abstract available.

Pavlovich CP, Levinson AW, Su LM, Mettee LZ, Feng Z, Bivalacqua TJ, Trock BJ. “Nightly vs on-demand sildenafil for penile rehabilitation after minimally invasive nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy: results of a randomized double-blind trial with placebo.” BJU Int. 2013 Oct;112(6):844-51. doi: 10.1111/bju.12253. Epub 2013 Aug 13.

Sundi D, Reese AC, Mettee LZ, Trock BJ, Pavlovich CP. “Laparoscopic and robotic radical prostatectomy outcomes in obese and extremely obese men.” Urology. 2013 Sep;82(3):600-5. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.05.013. Epub 2013 Jul 13.

Pierorazio PM, Mullins JK, Ross AE, Hyams ES, Partin AW, Han M, Walsh PC, Schaeffer EM, Pavlovich CP, Allaf ME, Bivalacqua TJ. “Trends in immediate perioperative morbidity and delay in discharge after open and minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (RP): a 20-year institutional experience.” BJU Int. 2013 Jul;112(1):45-53. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2012.11767.x.

Activities & Honors


  • Urology Teaching Award, Brady Urological Institute, 2006
  • First Prize, Ambrose/Reed Socioeconomics Essay Contest, American Urological Association (AUA), 2004
  • First Prize, Video Contest, American Urological Association (AUA), 2004
  • Pfizer Scholar in Urology, 1999
  • Outstanding Presentation, Society of University Urology Residents, 1999
  • Distinguished Housestaff Award, Presbyterian Hospital, Cornell Medical Center, 1999 - 1999
  • First Prize, Ambrose/Reed Socioeconomics Essay Contest, AUA, 1998, 1998
  • Yamanouchi Prize for Urology Resident Research, 1997 - 1997
  • Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society, 1993
  • Continuing Scholarship Award, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), 1993
  • Immunology Research Scholarship, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), 1992
  • Fulbright Swiss Universities Fellowship (Molecular Biology), 1988
  • Harvard National Scholarship, 1987
  • Harvard College Scholarship, 1987
  • National Presidential Scholar, 1984
  • Coffey-Krane Prize for Best Paper, British Journal of Urology International; “Impact of surgical technique (open vs laparoscopic vs robotic-assisted) on pathological and biochemical outcomes following radical prostatectomy: an analysis using propensity score matching” (senior author), 2012
  • Urology Residents’ Teaching Award, Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2013
  • Best Reviewer Award, Journal of Urology; presented at New Orleans AUA 2015, 2014


  • American Medical Association
  • American Urological Association
  • Society of Endourology
  • Society of Urologic Oncology
  • Mid-Atlantic Section, American Urological Association

Professional Activities

  • Board of Directors, Mid-Atlantic Section, American Urological Association, 2013

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

  • 4.9 Provider Explained Things Clearly
  • 4.9 Provider Listened Carefully
  • 4.9 Provider Gave Easy to Understand Instructions
  • 4.8 Provider Knew Medical History
  • 4.9 Provider Showed Respect
  • 4.9 Provider Spent Enough Time
  • 4.9 Overall Rating by Patient


4.9 out of 5 (186 Ratings, 86 Comments)
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