Carol Ann Huff, M.D.

Headshot of Carol Ann Huff
  • Associate Professor of Oncology


Amyloidosis, Hematologic Malignancies, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Medical Oncology, Multiple Myeloma, Myelodysplasia more

Research Interests

multiple myeloma; MGUS; AL amyloidosis, other plasma cell dyscrasias more

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Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center

Appointment Phone: 410-955-8964
401 N. Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21231
Phone: 443-287-7104 | Fax: 410-367-2194
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Carol Ann Huff, M.D., is an Associate Professor of Oncology and Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Medical Director for the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. After completing a Bachelor of Science in Zoology at Duke University in Durham, NC, Dr. Huff received her medical degree from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. She completed her internship and residency in Internal Medicine at Johns Hopkins and was an Assistant Chief of Service in the Department of Medicine before completing her fellowship training in the Department of Oncology at Johns Hopkins University.  

Dr. Huff is a nationally-recognized expert in the treatment of multiple myeloma and amyloidosis and in the development of new biologically-based treatment strategies. She has sought to better understand the mechanisms for recurrence and the inability to cure these diseases. Through this research, the identification of a myeloma cancer stem cell has emerged, and efforts to target these cells through combination therapy in clinical trials are ongoing. In collaboration with Dr. William Matsui, Dr. Huff has identified a flow cytometric-based blood analysis for multiple myeloma patients that can be used to quantify the number of myeloma cancer stem cells and track how these cells respond to treatment. Their efforts have revealed that changes in the number of myeloma cancer stem cells can predict recurrence in myeloma patients before clinical evidence of recurrence is detectable. Using this blood analysis, as well as growth of these cells from bone marrow samples taken from patients with myeloma, they have begun studying therapeutic strategies to target these cells based on cell surface markers and enzymatic pathways that are important to the survival of myeloma stem cells. 

Dr. Huff is the recipient of multiple awards for clinical and teaching excellence including the Kimmel Cancer Center's Director’s Teaching Award in Oncology in both 2006 and 2012. During her medical school training, Dr. Huff was the recipient of a Howard Hughes Medical Institute-National Institutes of Health (NIH) fellowship. She has received grant support from the NIH, Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation, and Leukemia and Lymphoma Society.  and LLS, and is the principal investigator of numerous investigator-initiated and industry- sponsored clinical trials.  She is the author of numerous publications and book chapters not only on multiple myeloma and related disorders, but also on bone marrow transplantation and a range of topics related to internal medicine and oncology. Her current research efforts involve active collaboration with the preclinical laboratories in the development and testing phases of new therapeutic approaches, as well as a lead effort in the national African American Myeloma Consortium seeking to better understand genetic determinants of the disease. more


  • Associate Professor of Oncology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD; Baylor College of Medicine (1992)


  • Medicine; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (1995)


  • Oncology; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2001)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Internal Medicine (Internal Medicine) (1995)
  • American Board of Internal Medicine (Medical Oncology) (2001)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Huff's major research interests focus on the development of novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of multiple myeloma and other plasma cell dyscrasias. Her current efforts are focused on the clinical translation of novel approaches targeting myeloma stem cells both biologically and immunologically and on efforts to improve the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for multiple myeloma and related disorders.

Clinical Trial Keywords

multiple myeloma, bone marrow transplant

Selected Publications

  1. Huff, C.A.; Fuchs, E.J.; Smith, B.D.; Blackford, A.; Garrett-Mayer, E.; Brodsky, R.A.; Flinn, I.W.; Ambinder, R.F.; Borrello, I.M.; Matsui, W.H.; Vogelsang, G.B.; Griffin, C.A.; Luznik, L.; Jones, R.J. Graft-versus-host reactions and the effectiveness of donor lymphocyte infusions. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2006 Apr;12(4):414-421.
  2. Huff, C.A.; Matsui, W.; Smith, B.D.; Jones, R.J. The paradox of response and survival in cancer therapeutics. Blood. 2006 Jan 15;107(2):431-434.
  3. Huff, C.A.; Matsui, W.H.; Douglas Smith, B.; Jones, R.J. Strategies to eliminate cancer stem cells: clinical implications. Eur J Cancer. 2006 Jun;42(9):1293-1297.
  4. Bolanos-Meade, J.; Garrett-Mayer, E.; Luznik, L.; Anders, V.; Webb, J.; Fuchs, E.J.; Huff, C.A.; Matsui, W.; Borrello, I.M.; Brodsky, R.; Kasamon, Y.L.; Swinnen, L.J.; Flinn, I.W.; Ambinder, R.F.; Jones, R.J.; Hess, A.D.; Vogelsang, G.B. Induction of autologous graft-versus-host disease: results of a randomized prospective clinical trial in patients with poor risk lymphoma. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2007 Oct;13(10):1185-1191.
  5. Peacock, C.D.; Wang, Q.; Gesell, G.S.; Corcoran-Schwartz, I.M.; Jones, E.; Kim, J.; Devereux, W.L.; Rhodes, J.T.; Huff, C.A.; Beachy, P.A.; Watkins, D.N.; Matsui, W. Hedgehog signaling maintains a tumor stem cell compartment in multiple myeloma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 6;104(10):4048-4053.
  6. Huff, C.A.; Matsui, W. Multiple myeloma cancer stem cells. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jun 10;26(17):2895-2900.
  7. Luznik, L.; O''Donnell, P.V.; Symons, H.J.; Chen, A.R.; Leffell, M.S.; Zahurak, M.; Gooley, T.A.; Piantadosi, S.; Kaup, M.; Ambinder, R.F.; Huff, C.A.; Matsui, W.; Bolanos-Meade, J.; Borrello, I.; Powell, J.D.; Harrington, E.; Warnock, S.; Flowers, M.; Brodsky, R.A.; Sandmaier, B.M.; Storb, R.F.; Jones, R.J.; Fuchs, E.J. HLA-haploidentical bone marrow transplantation for hematologic malignancies using nonmyeloablative conditioning and high-dose, posttransplantation cyclophosphamide. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2008 Jun;14(6):641-650.
  8. Matsui, W.; Wang, Q.; Barber, J.P.; Brennan, S.; Smith, B.D.; Borrello, I.; McNiece, I.; Lin, L.; Ambinder, R.F.; Peacock, C.; Watkins, D.N.; Huff, C.A.; Jones, R.J. Clonogenic multiple myeloma progenitors, stem cell properties, and drug resistance. Cancer Res. 2008 Jan 1;68(1):190-197.
  9. Warlick, E.D.; O''Donnell, P.V.; Borowitz, M.; Grupka, N.; Decloe, L.; Garrett-Mayer, E.; Borrello, I.; Brodsky, R.; Fuchs, E.; Huff, C.A.; Luznik, L.; Matsui, W.; Ambinder, R.; Jones, R.J.; Douglas Smith, B. Myeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplant using T cell depleted allografts followed by post-transplant GM-CSF in high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes. Leuk Res. 2008 Sep;32(9):1439-1447.
  10. Bevers, T.B.; Anderson, B.O.; Bonaccio, E.; Buys, S.; Daly, M.B.; Dempsey, P.J.; Farrar, W.B.; Fleming, I.; Garber, J.E.; Harris, R.E.; Heerdt, A.S.; Helvie, M.; Huff, J.G.; Khakpour, N.; Khan, S.A.; Krontiras, H.; Lyman, G.; Rafferty, E.; Shaw, S.; Smith, M.L.; Tsangaris, T.N.; Williams, C.; Yaneeklov, T. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: breast cancer screening and diagnosis. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2009 Nov;7(10):1060-1096.
  11. Bolanos-Meade, J.; Luznik, L.; Muth, M.; Matsui, W.H.; Huff, C.A.; Smith, B.D.; Levy, M.Y.; Kasamon, Y.L.; Swinnen, L.J.; Powell, J.D.; Brodsky, R.A.; Ambinder, R.F.; Jones, R.J.; Fuchs, E.J. Salvage transplantation for allograft failure using fludarabine and alemtuzumab as conditioning regimen. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2009 Mar;43(6):477-480.
  12. Kasamon, Y.L.; Luznik, L.; Leffell, M.S.; Kowalski, J.; Tsai, H.L.; Bolanos-Meade, J.; Morris, L.E.; Crilley, P.A.; O''Donnell, P.V.; Rossiter, N.; Huff, C.A.; Brodsky, R.A.; Matsui, W.H.; Swinnen, L.J.; Borrello, I.; Powell, J.D.; Ambinder, R.F.; Jones, R.J.; Fuchs, E.J. Nonmyeloablative HLA-Haploidentical BMT with High-Dose Posttransplantation Cyclophosphamide: Effect of HLA Disparity on Outcome. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2009 Nov 16.
  13. Brennan, S.K.; Wang, Q.; Tressler, R.; Harley, C.; Go, N.; Bassett, E.; Huff, C.A.; Jones, R.J.; Matsui, W. Telomerase inhibition targets clonogenic multiple myeloma cells through telomere length-dependent and independent mechanisms. PLoS One. 2010;5(9).
  14. Brodsky, R.A.; Chen, A.R.; Dorr, D.; Fuchs, E.J.; Huff, C.A.; Luznik, L.; Smith, B.D.; Matsui, W.H.; Goodman, S.N.; Ambinder, R.F.; Jones, R.J. High-dose cyclophosphamide for severe aplastic anemia: long-term follow-up. Blood. 2010 Mar 18;115(11):2136-2141.
  15. Kasamon, Y.L.; Luznik, L.; Leffell, M.S.; Kowalski, J.; Tsai, H.L.; Bolanos-Meade, J.; Morris, L.E.; Crilley, P.A.; O''Donnell, P.V.; Rossiter, N.; Huff, C.A.; Brodsky, R.A.; Matsui, W.H.; Swinnen, L.J.; Borrello, I.; Powell, J.D.; Ambinder, R.F.; Jones, R.J.; Fuchs, E.J. Nonmyeloablative HLA-haploidentical bone marrow transplantation with high-dose posttransplantation cyclophosphamide: effect of HLA disparity on outcome. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2010 Apr;16(4):482-489.
  16. Lipson, E.J.; Huff, C.A.; Holanda, D.G.; McDevitt, M.A.; Fine, D.M. Lenalidomide-induced acute interstitial nephritis. Oncologist. 2010;15(9):961-964.
  17. Luznik, L.; Bolanos-Meade, J.; Zahurak, M.; Chen, A.R.; Smith, B.D.; Brodsky, R.; Huff, C.A.; Borrello, I.; Matsui, W.; Powell, J.D.; Kasamon, Y.; Goodman, S.N.; Hess, A.; Levitsky, H.I.; Ambinder, R.F.; Jones, R.J.; Fuchs, E.J. High-dose cyclophosphamide as single-agent, short-course prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease. Blood. 2010 Apr 22;115(16):3224-3230.
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