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Brian Thomas Garibaldi, M.D.

Headshot of Brian Thomas Garibaldi
  • Director, Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit
  • Associate Professor of Medicine

Languages: English, Spanish


Acute Lung Injury (ALI), Biocontainment, High Consequence Pathogens, Interstitial Lung Disease, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine more

Research Interests

Resolution of acute lung injury; Bedside Clinical Skills Education; High Consequence Pathogens more

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)

Appointment Phone: 410-955-9434
1800 Orleans St.
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-3467

Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center

Appointment Phone: 410-955-9434
601 N. Caroline St.
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-5864


Brian Garibaldi is an associate professor in the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, where he attends in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) and the Interstitial Lung Disease clinic. He is medical director of the Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit (BCU), a federally-funded special pathogens treatment center. He is also the associate program director of the Osler Medical Residency Program, where he leads curriculum development and implementation. 

Dr. Garibaldi was instrumental in creating the Johns Hopkins BCU. He helped to design the physical structure of the unit, created the physician staffing model and constructed the clinical care guidelines and protocols. He also led the design of the BCU simulation and training program for the care of patients with highly infectious diseases. He has an in-depth knowledge of the challenges of the biocontainment environment and understands the specific threats to both health care worker and patient safety in the setting of highly infectious diseases. In addition to caring for patients with COVID-19, he is the director of the newly established COVID-19 Precision Medicine Center of Excellence, which houses the JH-CROWN clinical registry.

In addition to his BCU role, Dr. Garibaldi is an accomplished clinical educator. In 2017, he co-founded, and became the first president of the Society of Bedside Medicine, an organization devoted to education, innovation and research on the role of the clinical encounter in 21st century medicine. He currently leads a multicenter team exploring the factors that impact graduate medical resident clinical skills and professional fulfillment as part of the American Medical Association’s Reimagining Residency Initiative.

He is a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine, the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the American College of Physicians. He is also a member of the Miller-Coulson Academy of Clinical Excellence.

Dr. Garibaldi grew up in New York City and graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College with a degree in biological anthropology. Before earning his medical degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, he spent a year studying flamenco and classical guitar in Spain as part of the John Finley Fellowship from Harvard College. He completed his internal medicine residency as well as pulmonary and critical care fellowship at Johns Hopkins. He also served as chief resident from 2008-2009. more


  • Director, Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit
  • Associate Program Director, Osler Internal Medicine Residency Program
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Physiology

Departments / Divisions



  • MD; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2004)


  • Medicine; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2007)


  • Pulmonary Medicine; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2008)
  • Pulmonary Medicine; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2012)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Internal Medicine (Critical Care Medicine) (2013)
  • American Board of Internal Medicine (Internal Medicine) (2007)
  • American Board of Internal Medicine (Pulmonary Disease) (2012)

Research & Publications

Selected Publications

View all on PubMed

Garibaldi BT, Kelen GD, Brower RG, Bova G, Ernst N, Reimers M, Langlotz R, Gimburg A, Iati M, Smith C, MacConnell S, James H, Lewin JL, Trexler P, Black MA, Lynch C, Clarke W, Marzinske MA, Sokoll L, Carroll KC, Parrish NM, Dionne K, Biddison ELD, Gwon HS, Sauer L, Hill P, Newton SM, Garrett MR, Miller RG, Perl TM, Maragakis LL. The Creation of a Biocontainment Unit at a Tertiary Care Hospital: The Johns Hopkins Medicine Experience. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 2016 May; 13(5): 600-608. PMID: 27057583

Garibaldi BT, Reimers M, Ernst N, Bova G, Nowakowski E, Bukowski J, Ellis BC, Smith C, Sauer L, Dionne K, Carroll KC, Maragakis LL, Parrish NM. Validation of autoclave protocols for the successful decontamination of Category A medical waste generated from the care of patients with serious communicable diseases. J Clin Microbiol, 2017 Feb;55(2):545-551. PMID: 27927920

Garibaldi BT, Niessen T, Gelber AC, Clark B, Lee J, Madrazo JA, Manesh RS, Apfel A, Lau BD, Liu G, Canzoniero JV, Sperati CJ, Yeh HC, Brotman DJ, Traill TA, Cayea D, Durso SC, Stewart RW, Corretti MC, Kasper EK, Desai SV. A Novel Bedside Cardiopulmonary Physical Diagnosis Curriculum for Internal Medicine Postgraduate Training. BMC Medical Education, 2017 Oct; 17(182). PMID 28985729

Sauer LM, Drewry III D, Shaw-Saliba K, Therkorn J, Pilholski T, Rainwater-Lovett K, Garibaldi BT. A Novel Approach to Identify Potential Provider and Environmental Contamination in a Clinical Biocontainment Unit Using Aerosolized Pathogen Simulants. Health Security, 2018 Mar/Apr; 16(2). PMID 29624490

Garibaldi BT and Olson APJ. The Hypothesis Driven Physical Exam. Med Clin North Am. 2018 May;102(3). PMID: 29650065

Garibaldi BT, Fiksel J, Muschelli J, Robinson ML, Rouhizadeh M, Perin J, Schumock G, Nagy P, Gray JH, Malapati H, Ghobadi-Krueger M, Niessen TM, Kim BS, Hill PM, Ahmed MS, Dobkin ED, Blanding R, Abele J, Woods B, Harkness K, Thiemann DR, Bowring MG, Shah AB, Wang MC, Bandeen-Roche K, Rosen A, Zeger SL, Gupta A. Patient Trajectories Among Persons Hospitalized for COVID-19 : A Cohort Study. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Sep 22. PMID: 32960645

Activities & Honors


  • Member, Miller-Coulson Academy of Clinical Excellence, 2020
  • Fellow, Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 2018
  • Douglas Carroll, MD Scholar, Johns Hopkins Bayview Center for Innovative Medicine, 2018
  • Selected as “Living the Hopkins Mission” honoree for the 125th Anniversary of the School of Medicine, 2018
  • Fellow, American College of Physicians, American College of Physicians, 2017
  • Fellow, New York Academy of Medicine, New York Academy of Medicine, 2016
  • Jeremiah A. Barondess Fellowship in the Clinical Transaction, New York Academy of Medicine, 2016 - 2018
  • Berkheimer Faculty Education Scholar Grant, Johns Hopkins Institute for Excellence in Education, 2016 - 2017
  • Lisa J. Heiser Award for Junior Faculty Contribution in Education, Johns Hopkins Institute for Excellence in Education, 2016
  • Maryland Hospital Association Distinguished Service Award, accepted on behalf of the Ebola Preparedness Team at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Maryland Hospital Association, 2015
  • W. Leigh Thompson Excellence in Research Award, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2012
  • Daniel Baker, Jr. Award for resident most exemplifying the ideals of the Osler Medical Service, 2007
  • Alpha Omega Alpha, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2004
  • Longcope Award for outstanding student in internal medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2004
  • Summa cum laude, Harvard College, 1999
  • John Finley Traveling Fellowship, Harvard College, 1999
  • Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Iota Chapter of Massachusetts, 1999
  • Valedictorian, Hunter College High School, 1998


  • Society of Bedside Medicine, 2017
  • American College of Physicians, 2017
  • American College of Chest Physicians, 2007
  • American Thoracic Society, 2007

Professional Activities

  • Director, Biocontainment Unit, 2017
  • Director, Genes to Society Program, 2013 - 2015
  • Co-President, Society of Bedside Medicine, 2017
  • Associate Program Director, Osler Medical Residency Program, 2016

Videos & Media

Play Video:

Hope and Care for Patients with COVID-19 Through Point-of-Care Ultrasound

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Johns Hopkins Researchers Publish COVID-19 ‘Prediction Model’ | Johns Hopkins Medicine (September 2020)

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