Aarti Mathur, M.D., Ph.D.

Headshot of Aarti Mathur
  • Associate Vice Chair of Faculty Development
  • Associate Professor of Surgery

Languages: English, Hindi


Adrenal Surgery, Cervical Lymph Node Dissection, Endocrine Diseases, Endocrine Oncology, Endocrine Surgery, General Surgery, Hyperparathyroidism, Parathyroid Diseases, Parathyroid Surgery, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Diseases, Thyroid Surgery, Thyroid Tumors, Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) ...read more

Research Interests

Clinical studies of patients with hyperparathyroidism; Outcomes after endocrine surgery, Molecular markers of thyroid cancer ...read more

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Outside of Maryland & Washington D.C.

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)

Appointment Phone: 443-997-1508
1800 Orleans St.
Sheikh Zayed Tower
Baltimore, MD 21287
The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance) - Google Maps

Sibley Medical Building

Appointment Phone: 443-997-1508
5215 Loughboro Road NW
Washington, DC 20016
Sibley Medical Building - Google Maps


Aarti Mathur, M.D., FACS, is an experienced, fellowship-trained endocrine surgeon in the Johns Hopkins Division of Surgical Oncology and an associate professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Mathur sees patients at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore and at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C. 

Dr. Mathur earned her medical degree at the University of Texas. She completed a general surgery residency at MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, followed by fellowships at the National Cancer Institute, where she studied immunotherapy and surgical oncology for several years, performed endocrine surgery research and cared for patients with advanced oncologic diseases. Dr. Mathur also completed a fellowship in endocrine surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Dr. Mathur’s practice exclusively focuses on surgical management of benign and malignant diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands and cervical lymph nodes. Her expertise includes thyroid surgery for nodules, goiters, Graves disease, thyroid cancer and minimally invasive parathyroidectomy, surgery for persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism and laparoscopic adrenalectomy. She believes in providing state of the art, patient-centered multi-disciplinary care for complex endocrine surgical issues.

Dr. Mathur serves on multiple committees of major national societies including the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, the American Thyroid Association, and the American College of Surgeons.

As a surgeon-scientist, Dr. Mathur directs a research group, funded by the National Institutes of Health, that studies voice and swallowing outcomes after thyroidectomy in older adults. Her research also focuses on understanding the link between hyperparathyroidism and other health conditions including cognitive impairment, cardiovascular disease and post-transplant outcomes. Dr. Mathur has numerous prestigious national research awards and grants, and she has published over 50 peer reviewed articles, reviews and book chapters. She is frequently invited to present her research at national and international meetings.

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  • Associate Vice Chair of Faculty Development
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Associate Professor of Oncology

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD; University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine (2004)


  • General Surgery; MedStar Health (2007)
  • General Surgery; MedStar Health (2013)


  • Surgery; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2014)
  • National Institutes of Health (2011)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Surgery (Surgery) (2014)

Additional Training

  • Maryland Medical License
  • District of Columbia Medical License

Research & Publications

Selected Publications

View all on PubMed

Mathur A, Sutton W, Ahn JB, Prescott JD, Zeiger MA, Segev DL, McAdams-DeMarco M. Association Between Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism and Posttransplant Outcomes. Transplantation. 2021 Jan 27. doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000003653. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33534525.

Sahli ZT, Zhou S, Sharma AK, Segev DL, Massie A, Zeiger MA, Mathur A. Rising Cost of Thyroid Surgery in Adult Patients. J Surg Res. 2021 Apr;260:28-37. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.11.049. Epub 2020 Dec 11. PMID: 33316757; PMCID: PMC7946711.

Sahli ZT, Canner JK, Zeiger MA, Mathur A. Association between age and disease specific mortality in medullary thyroid cancer. Am J Surg. 2021 Feb;221(2):478-484. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.09.025. Epub 2020 Sep 26. PMID: 33010878.

Sutton W, Canner JK, Rooper LM, Prescott JD, Zeiger MA, Mathur A. Is patient age associated with risk of malignancy in a ≥4 cm cytologically benign thyroid nodule? Am J Surg. 2021 Jan;221(1):111-116. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.05.034. Epub 2020 Jun 2. PMID: 32532458; PMCID: PMC7708510.

Sutton W, Genberg B, Prescott JD, Segev DL, Zeiger MA, Bandeen-Roche K, Mathur A. Understanding surgical decision-making in older adults with differentiated thyroid cancer: A discrete choice experiment. Surgery. 2021 Jan;169(1):14-21. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2020.03.022. Epub 2020 May 28. PMID: 32475718; PMCID: PMC7704531.

Sutton W, Canner JK, Segev DL, Zeiger MA, Mathur A. Treatment Variation in Older Adults With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. J Surg Res. 2020 Oct;254:154-164. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.04.013. Epub 2020 May 21. PMID: 32445931; PMCID: PMC7483795.

Contact for Research Inquiries

600 N. Wolfe St.
Blalock Building, Suite 606
Baltimore, MD 21287 map

Activities & Honors


  • American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Best Poster Competition Award
  • American Thyroid Association Training Grant
  • Marie J. Simonian Ward for Excellence in Clinical Research


  • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • American Association of Endocrine Surgeons
  • American College of Surgeons
  • American Thyroid Association
  • Association of Women Surgeons
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