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Our Approach to Rehabilitation Psychology and Neuropsychology
Psychological and neuropsychological assessments are an important part of our treatment process. Our experts may use several types of assessments that rely on observation, interviews, surveys and reasoning, as well as cognitive and personality tests.
- Behavioral health and psychological assessment is designed to evaluate your mood, lifestyle behaviors, personality, coping style and other social and family factors. This evaluation is especially useful in helping you manage chronic pain or prepare for surgery. It can help you and your doctor determine the best pain management strategies, evaluate your readiness for a major surgery and identify any barriers to recovery.
- Neuropsychological assessment is used to evaluate your cognitive functioning in several areas. It may involve testing your memory, attention, language, mood and problem-solving skills. This assessment will help you and your neuropsychologist identify your strengths and potential areas for improvement. Your neuropsychologist will provide strategies to maximize your strengths and cope with any cognitive deficits or weaknesses.
Counseling and Interventions
Once we gather the information through assessments and collaboration with your other health care providers, we can discuss diagnoses (if applicable) and develop a treatment plan, which may consist of:
- Counseling and talk therapy to help you understand your mood and behavior and develop additional coping strategies. There are many types of therapies that may be effective for you. Your therapist can provide additional options and information.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on the relationships between our thoughts, feelings and behaviors. It can help you identify and shift thoughts, beliefs and behaviors that may be contributing to emotional distress. CBT can be especially helpful for treating depression, pain and sleep disturbance.
- Behavioral, psychological and health interventions to help you adjust to living with chronic pain, illness or disability.
- Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) helps you pursue important life values in the presence of significant hardships. ACT uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies to help you adopt behaviors that support your core values.
- Cognitive rehabilitation to help address or compensate for cognitive impairments, such as problems with memory, language or attention.
How Pain Psychologists Work With Physicians and Patients
When physicians at The Johns Hopkins Hospital consider advanced treatments for chronic pain, they often refer patients to the pain rehabilitation psychology team. Because the various mechanisms involved in chronic pain are so complex, expert psychological assessment can help maximize the chances for successful treatment.
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