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Recent Publications

The researchers at the Johns Hopkins Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation are recognized experts in their fields. They investigate various subjects in the areas of:

Spinal Cord Injury

Mulcahey MJ, Thielen CC, Sadowsky C, Silvestri JL, Martin R, White L, Cagney JA, Vogel LC, Schottler J, Davidson L, Parry I, Taylor HB, Higgins K, Feltz ML, Sinko R, Bultman J, Mazurkiewicz J, Gaughan J. Despite limitations in content range, the SCIM-III is reproducible and a valid indicator of physical function in youths with spinal cord injury and dysfunction. Spinal Cord. 2017 Dec 22. doi: 10.1038/s41393-017-0036-0.

Choe AS, Sadowsky CL, Smith SA, van Zijl PCM, Pekar JJ, Belegu V. Subject-specific regional measures of water diffusion are associated with impairment in chronic spinal cord injury. Neuroradiology. 2017 Jun 8. doi: 10.1007/s00234-017-1860-9. PMID: 28597208.

Felter CE, Bentley JA, Sadowsky CL, Wegener ST. Characteristics of individuals seeking activity-based restorative therapy following spinal cord injury: A focus on hope. NeuroRehabilitation. 2017 May 11. doi: 10.3233/NRE-171476. PMID: 28505997.

Wang KY, Idowu O, Thompson CB, Orman G, Myers C, Riley LH, Carrino JA, Flammang A, Gilson W, Sadowsky CL, Izbudak I. Tract-specific diffusion tensor imaging in cervical spondylotic myelopathy before and after decompressive spinal surgery: preliminary results. Clin Neuroradiol. 2017 Mar;27(1):61-69. doi: 10.1007/s00062-015-0418-7.

Rehabilitation Therapy

Deluzio S, Vora I, Kumble S, Zink EK, Stevens RD, Bahouth MN. Feasibility of early, motor assisted upper extremity cycle ergometry in critically ill neurological patients with upper extremity weakness and variable cognitive status: a case series. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Oct 31. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000857. PMID: 29095167

Kimawi I, Lanberjack B, Nelliot A, Toonstra A, Zanni J, Huang M, Mantheiy D, Kho M, Needham D. Safety and Feasibility of a Protocolized Approach to In-Bed Cycling Exercise in the Intensive Care Unit: Quality Improvement Project. Physical Therapy. Volume 97, Number 6, pgs. 593-602.

Probasco JC, Lavezza A, Cassell A, Shakes T, Feurer A, Russell H, Sporney H, Burnet M, Maritim, C, Urrutia V, Puttgen A, Friedman M, Hoyer E. Choosing Wisely Together: Physical and Occupational Therapy Consultation for Acute Neurology Inpatients. The Neurohospitalist. 2017.

Patient Mobility, Hospital Readmissions and Quality Improvement

Hoyer EH, Young DL, Klein LM, Kreif J, Shumock K, Hiser S, Friedman M, Lavezza A, Jette A, Chan KS, Needham DM. Toward a common language for measuring patient mobility in the hospital: reliability and construct validity of interprofessional mobility measures. Phys Ther. 2017 Nov 2. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzx110. PubMed PMID: 29106679.

Hoyer EH, Brotman DJ, Apfel A, Leung C, Boonyasai RT, Richardson M, Lepley D, Deutschendorf A. Improving outcomes after hospitalization: a prospective observational multicenter evaluation of care coordination strategies for reducing 30-day readmissions to Maryland Hospitals. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Nov 27. doi: 10.1007/s11606-017-4218-4.

Brotman DJ, Hoyer E, Deutschendorf A. Hospital-readmission risk - isolating hospital effects. N Engl J Med. 2017 Dec 21;377(25):2504-5. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1713509.

Hoyer EH, Padula WV, Brotman DJ, Reid N, Leung C, Lepley D, Deutschendorf A. Patterns of hospital performance on the hospital-wide 30-day readmission metric: is the playing field level? J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Oct 2. doi: 10.1007/s11606-017-4193-9. PubMed PMID: 28971369.

Pronovost PJ, Brotman DJ, Hoyer EH, Deutschendorf A. Reconsidering hospital readmission measures. J Hosp Med. 2017 Dec;12(12):1009-1011. doi: 10.12788/jhm.2799. 

Grant MC, Galante DJ, Hobson DB, Lavezza A, Friedman M, Wu CL, Wick EC. Optimizing an Enhanced Recovery Pathway Program: Development of a Postimplementation Audit Strategy. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2017 Oct;43(10):524-533. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2017.02.011. Epub 2017 Jul 10. PMID: 28942777

Poe SS, Dawson PB, Cvach M, Burnett M, Kumble S, Lewis M, Thompson CB, Hill EE. The Johns Hopkins Fall Risk Assessment Tool: A Study of Reliability and Validity. J Nurs Care Qual. 2018 Jan/Mar;33(1):10-19. doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000301. PMID: 28968337

Stroke, Motor Learning and Brain Stimulation

Hallett M, Di Iorio R, Rossini PM, Park JE, Chen R, Celnik P, Strafella AP, Matsumoto H, Ugawa Y. Contribution of transcranial magnetic stimulation to assessment of brain connectivity and networks. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Sep 5;128(11):2125-2139. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.08.007. Review. PubMed PMID: 28938143.

Uehara S, Mawase F, Celnik P. Learning similar actions by reinforcement or sensory-prediction errors rely on distinct physiological mechanisms. Cereb Cortex. 2017 Sep 14:1-13. doi: 0.1093/cercor/bhx214. PubMed PMID: 28968827.

Cortes JC, Goldsmith J, Harran MD, Xu J, Kim N, Schambra HM, Luft AR, Celnik P, Krakauer JW, Kitago T. A short and distinct time window for recovery of arm motor control early after stroke revealed with a global measure of trajectory kinematics. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2017 Jun;31(6):552-560. doi:10.1177/1545968317697034. Epub 2017 Mar 16. PubMed PMID: 28506149; PMCID: PMC5434710.

Hardwick R, Celnik P. The carrot and the stick seem to enhance motor learning in patients with stroke. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2017 May 26. pii: jnnp-2017-315767. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2017-315767.

Xu J, Ejaz N, Hertler B, Branscheidt M, Widmer M, Faria AV, Harran MD, Cortes JC, Kim N, Celnik PA, Kitago T, Luft AR, Krakauer JW, Diedrichsen J. Separable systems for recovery of finger strength and control after stroke. J Neurophysiol. 2017 May 31:jn.00123.2017. doi: 10.1152/jn.00123.2017.

Hardwick RM, Rajan VA, Bastian AJ, Krakauer JW, Celnik PA. Motor learning in stroke: trained patients are not equal to untrained patients with less impairment. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2017 Feb;31(2):178-189. doi: 10.1177/1545968316675432.

Banerjee J, Sorrell ME, Celnik PA, Pelled G. Immediate effects of repetitive magnetic stimulation on single cortical pyramidal neurons. PLoS One. 2017 Jan 23;12(1):e0170528. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170528.

Buch ER, Santarnecchi E, Antal A, Born J, Celnik PA, Classen J, Gerloff C, Hallett M, Hummel FC, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus WJ, Reis J, Robertson EM, Rothwell JC, Sandrini M, Schambra HM, Wassermann EM, Ziemann U, Cohen LG. Effects of tDCS on motor learning and memory formation: A consensus and critical position paper. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Apr;128(4):589-603. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.01.004. Review.

Sebastian R, Saxena S, Tsapkini K, Faria AV, Long C, Wright A, Davis C, Tippett DC, Mourdoukoutas AP, Bikson M, Celnik P, Hillis AE. Cerebellar tDCS: a novel approach to augment language treatment post-stroke. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017 Jan 12;10:695. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00695.

Spampinato D, Block HJ, Celnik P. Cerebellar-M1 connectivity changes associated to motor learning are somatotopic specific. J Neurosci. 2017 Jan 30. pii: 2511-16. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2511-16.2017.

Spampinato D, Celnik P. Temporal dynamics of cerebellar and motor cortex physiological processes during motor skill learning. Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 16;7:40715. doi: 10.1038/srep40715.

Mawase F, Uehara S, Bastian A, Celnik P. Motor learning enhances use-dependent plasticity. J Neurosci. 2017 Jan 31. pii: 3303-16. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3303-16.2017.

Adult Head Injury

Peters ME, Rao V, Bechtold KT, Roy D, Sair HI, Leoutsakos JM, Diaz-Arrastia R, Korley FK, Diaz-Arrastia R, Falk HJ, Peters ME, Leoutsakos JS, Roy D, Rao V, Sair HI, Ofoche U, Hall AJ, Akbari F, Van Meter TE, Everett AD, Van Eyk JE, Bechtold KT. Prevalence of incomplete functional and symptomatic recovery among patients with head injury but brain injury debatable. J Neurotrauma. 2017 Apr15;34(8):1531-1538. doi: 10.1089/neu.2016.4723.

Peters ME, Rao V, Bechtold KT, Roy D, Sair HI, Leoutsakos JM, Diaz-Arrastia R, Stevens RD, Batty DS Jr, Falk H, Fernandez C, Ofoche U, Vassila A, Hall AJ, Anderson B, Bessman E, Lyketsos CG, Everett AD, Eyk JV, Korley FK. Head injury serum markers for assessing response to trauma: Design of the HeadSMART study. Brain Inj. 2017 Jan 31:1-9. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2016.1231344.

Korley FK, Diaz-Arrastia R, Falk HJ, Peters ME, Leoutsakos JS, Roy D, Rao V, Sair HI, Ofoche U, Hall AJ, Akbari F, Van Meter TE, Everett AD, Van Eyk J, Bechtold KT. Prevalence of Incomplete Functional and Symptomatic Recovery among Patients with Head Injury but Brain Injury Debatable (HIBRID). J Neurotrauma. 2016 Dec 20. doi: 10.1089/neu.2016.4723.

Neils-Strunjas J, Paul D, Clark AN, Mudar R, Duff MC, Waldron-Perrine B, Bechtold KT. Role of resilience in the rehabilitation of adults with acquired brain injury. Brain Inj. 2017 Jan 5:1-9. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2016.1229032. PMID: 28055235.

Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

Stephens JA, Salorio C, Gomes J, Nebel MB, Mostofsky SH, Suskauer SJ. Response inhibition deficits and altered motor network connectivity in the chronic phase of pediatric TBI. J Neurotrauma. 2017 Nov 15;34(22):3117-3123. doi: 10.1089/neu.2017.5081. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Amari A, Suskauer SJ, Paasch V, Grodin LK, Slomine BS. Conducting preference assessments for youth with disorders of consciousness during rehabilitation. Rehabil Psychol. 2017 Aug;62(3):227-237. doi: 10.1037/rep0000152. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Stephens JA, Salorio CF, Barber AD, Risen SR, Mostofsky SH, Suskauer SJ. Preliminary findings of altered functional connectivity of the default mode network linked to functional outcomes one year after pediatric traumatic brain injury. Dev Neurorehabil. 2017 Jul 10:1-8. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2017.1338777.

Risen SR, Reesman J, Yenokyan G, Slomine BS, Suskauer SJ. The course of concussion recovery in children 6-12 years of age: experience from an interdisciplinary rehabilitation clinic. PM R. 2017 Jan 8. pii: S1934-1482(17)30019-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.12.005.

Haarbauer-Krupa J, Ciccia A, Dodd J, Ettel D, Kurowski B, Lumba-Brown A, Suskauer S. Service delivery in the healthcare and educational systems for children following traumatic brain injury: gaps in care. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2017 Jan 5. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000287.

Swallowing Disorders

Inamoto Y, Saitoh E, Ito Y, Kagaya H, Aoyagi Y, Shibata S, Ota K, Fujii N, Palmer JB. The Mendelsohn Maneuver and its effects on swallowing: kinematic analysis in three dimensions using dynamic area detector CT. Dysphagia. 2017 Dec 26. doi: 10.1007/s00455-017-9870-7.

Azola AM, Palmer J, Mulheren R, Hofer R, Fischmeister F, Fitch WT. The physiology of oral whistling: a combined radiographic and MRI analysis. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2017 Aug 24:jap.00902.2016. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00902.2016.

Shibata S, Inamoto Y, Saitoh E, Kagaya H, Aoyagi Y, Ota K, Akahori R, Fujii N, Palmer JB, Fernandez MG. The effect of bolus volume on laryngeal closure and UES opening in swallowing: Kinematic analysis using 320-row area detector CT Study. J Oral Rehabil. 2017 Sep 11. doi: 10.1111/joor.12573.

Hiraoka T, Palmer JB, Brodsky MB, Yoda M, Inokuchi H, Tsubahara A. Food transit duration is associated with the number of stage II transport cycles when eating solid food. Arch Oral Biol. 2017 May 20;81:186-191. doi: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2017.05.013.

Guedes R, Azola A, Macrae P, Sunday K, Mejia V, Vose A, Humbert IA. Examination of swallowing maneuver training and transfer of practiced behaviors to laryngeal vestibule kinematics in functional swallowing of healthy adults. Physiol Behav. 2017 Mar 18;174:155-161. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.03.018.

Azola AM, Sunday KL, Humbert IA. Kinematic visual biofeedback improves accuracy of learning a swallowing maneuver and accuracy of clinician cues during training. Dysphagia. 2017 Feb;32(1):115-122. doi: 10.1007/s00455-016-9749-z.

Brodsky MB, Huang M, Shanholtz C, Mendez-Tellez PA, Palmer JB, Colantuoni E, Needham DM. Recovery of dysphagia symptoms after oral endotracheal intubation in ARDS survivors: a 5- year longitudinal study. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Dec 16.

Multiple Sclerosis

Fritz NE, Eloyan A, Baynes M, Newsome SD, Calabresi PA, Zackowski KM. Distinguishing among multiple sclerosis fallers, near-fallers and non-fallers. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2017 Nov 22;19:99-104. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2017.11.019.

Hughes AJ, Turner AP, Alschuler KN, Atkins DC, Beier M, Amtmann D, Ehde DM. Association Between Sleep Problems and Perceived Cognitive Dysfunction Over 12 Months in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis. Behav Sleep Med. 2018 Jan-Feb;16(1):79-91. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2016.1173553. Epub 2016 May 11. PubMed
PMID: 27167969.

Beier M, Gromisch ES, Hughes AJ, Alschuler KN, Madathil R, Chiaravalloti N, Foley FW. Proposed cut scores for tests of the Brief International Cognitive Assessment of Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS). J Neurol Sci. 2017 Oct 15;381:110-116. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2017.08.019. Epub 2017 Aug 16. PubMed PMID: 28991659.

Fritz NE, Keller J, Calabresi PA, Zackowski KM. Quantitative measures of walking and strength provide insight into brain corticospinal tract pathology in multiple sclerosis. Neuroimage Clin. 2017 Feb 20;14:490-498. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.02.006. eCollection 2017.

Hughes AJ, Parmenter BA, Haselkorn JK, Lovera JF, Bourdette D, Boudreau E, Cameron MH, Turner AP. Sleep and its associations with perceived and objective cognitive impairment in individuals with multiple sclerosis. J Sleep Res. 2017 Jan 17. doi: 10.1111/jsr.12490.

Sutliff MH, Bennett SE, Bobryk P, Halper J, Saslow LA, Skutnik LT, Smith C, Zackowski K, Jones DE. Rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis: Commentary on the recent AAN systematic review. Neurol Clin Pract. 2016 Dec;6(6):475-479. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000318.

Turner AP, Alschuler KN, Hughes AJ, Beier M, Haselkorn JK, Sloan AP, Ehde DM. Mental health comorbidity in MS: depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2016 Dec;16(12):106. Review.

Other Topics

Schwartz K, Wymbs NF, Huang H, Mealy MA, Pardo CA, Zackowski K, Levy M. Randomized, placebo-controlled crossover study of dalfampridine extended-release in transverse myelitis. Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin. 2017 Nov 8;3(4):2055217317740145. doi: 10.1177/2055217317740145. eCollection 2017 Oct-Dec.

Skolasky RL, Maggard AM, Wegener ST, Riley LH 3rd. Telephone-based intervention to improve rehabilitation engagement after spinal stenosis surgery: a prospective lagged controlled trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Jan 3;100(1):21-30. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00418.

Skolasky RL, Scherer EA, Wegener ST, Tosteson TD. Does reduction in sciatica symptoms precede improvement in disability and physical health among those treated surgically for intervertebral disc herniation? Analysis of temporal patterns in data from the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial. Spine J. 2017 Dec 12. pii: S1529-9430(17)31191-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2017.11.016. 

Nastasi AJ, McAdams-DeMarco MA, Schrack J, Ying H, Olorundare I, Warsame F, Mountford A, Haugen CE, González Fernández M, Norman SP, Segev DL. Pre-Kidney Transplant Lower Extremity Impairment and Post-Kidney Transplant Mortality. Am J Transplant. 2017 Jul 15. doi: 10.1111/ajt.14430.

Galiatsatos P, Friedlander T, Dababneh D, Nelson K, Kelly D, Finucane T, Bellantoni M, Greenough WB 3rd. 1-year survival of subjects discharged from a long-term chronic ventilator unit. Respir Care. 2017 Jul 18. pii: respcare.05419. doi: 10.4187/respcare.05419. 

Bechtold KT, Rebman AW, Crowder LA, Johnson-Greene D, Aucott JN. Standardized symptom measurement of individuals with early Lyme disease over time. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2017 Mar 1;32(2):129-141. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acw098.

Truong AD, Kho ME, Brower RG, Feldman DR, Colantuoni E, Needham DM. Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on cytokines in peripheral blood for healthy participants: a prospective, single-blinded Study. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2017 May;37(3):255-262. doi: 10.1111/cpf.12290

Wegener ST, Pollak AN, Frey KP, Hymes RA, Archer KR, Jones CB, Seymour RB, O'Toole RV, Castillo RC, Huang Y, Scharfstein DO, MacKenzie EJ; METRC. The Trauma Collaborative Care Study (TCCS). J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S78-S87. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000000792.

Bethoux F, Fatemi A, Fowler E, Marciniak C, Mayadev A, Waksman J, Zackowski K, Suarez G, Blight AR, Rabinowicz AL, Carrazana E. Safety, tolerability, and sensorimotor effects of extended-release dalfampridine in adults with cerebral palsy: a pilot study. Clin Ther. 2017 Jan 25. pii: S0149-2918(17)30001-2. doi:10.1016/j.clinthera.2016.12.015.

Lee AF, Ryan CM, Schneider JC, Kazis LE, Li NC, Rose M, Liang MH, Wang C, Palmieri T, Meyer WJ 3rd, Pidcock FS, Reilly D, Sheridan RL, Tompkins RG; and the Multi-Center Benchmarking Study Group.. Quantifying risk factors for long-term sleep problems after burn injury in young adults. J Burn Care Res. 2017 Mar/Apr;38(2):e510-e520. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0000000000000315.

Odonkor CA, Tang T, Taftian D, Chhatre A. Bilateral Intra-Articular Radiofrequency Ablation for Cervicogenic Headache. Case Rep Anesthesiol. 2017;2017:1483279. doi: 10.1155/2017/1483279.

Rickards TA, Cranston CC, Touradji P, Bechtold KT. Embedded performance validity testing in neuropsychological assessment: Potential clinical tools. Appl Neuropsychol Adult. 2017 Jan 31:1-12. doi: 10.1080/23279095.2017.1278602.

Odonkor CA, Smith B, Rivera K, Chhatre A. Persistent singultus associated with lumbar epidural steroid injections in a septuagenarian: a case report and review. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Jan;96(1):e1-e4.

Rojhani S, Qureshi Z, Chhatre A. Water-cooled radiofrequency provides pain relief, decreases disability, and improves quality of life in chronic knee osteoarthritis. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Jan;96(1):e5-e8.

Jeong IC, Bychkov D, Hiser S, Kreif J, Klein L, Hoyer E, Searson P. Using a real time location system for assessment of patient ambulation in a hospital setting. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017 Mar 9. pii: S0003-9993(17)30140-5. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2017.02.006.

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