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Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

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Conditions We Treat: Laryngotracheal Stenosis

Laryngotracheal stenosis is condition characterized by a narrowing of the airway through the voice box (larynx) and the windpipe (trachea) within the neck. Stenosis refers to the abnormal narrowing of a part of the body. Together, these medical terms combine to describe the narrowed airway in the neck. This condition makes breathing much more difficult because less air can pass through to reach the lungs.

Laryngotracheal Stenosis (Airway Obstruction): What You Need to Know

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  • Laryngotracheal stenosis may be caused by a number of factors including swelling, medications, an obstructive growth or vocal chords that have become immobile.
  • Patients experiencing this condition will often make a high-pitched noise when breathing called stridor.
  • Laryngotracheal stenosis may be caused by a breathing tube, trauma to the throat or an autoimmune disease. 

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Why Choose Johns Hopkins for Laryngotracheal Stenosis Treatment?

Treatment of Complex Airway Disorders – FAQs

Otolaryngologist and head and neck surgeon, Alexander Hillel, M.D., Director of the Johns Hopkins Complex Airway Clinic, discusses complex airway disorders (laryngotracheal stenosis), how to get a correct diagnosis and what treatment options are available depending on the severity of the disease.

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Our Multidisciplinary Team of Physicians

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Comprehensive Treatment of Laryngotracheal Stenosis: What to Expect


The Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery works with a multidisciplinary approach to ensure the highest quality patient care informed by innovative research. You will get a comprehensive treatment plan based on your evaluation. Should any surgery be recommended, those procedures will be performed at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and we will provide you with a follow-up report.