I Want To...
I Want To...
Find Research Faculty
Enter the last name, specialty or keyword for your search below.
School of Medicine
I Want to...
Craniopharyngiomas are benign tumors that grow near the pituitary gland. They can be solid tumors or cysts. Approximately 10-15% of pituitary tumors are craniopharyngiomas. They are most commonly found in children, teenagers, and adults older than 50.
|Pre-operative images of patient with craniopharyngioma|
|Post-operative images of patient with craniopharyngioma who underwent an Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy for resection|
Symptoms of craniopharyngioma:
Craniopharyngiomas often press on nerves, blood vessels or parts of the brain around the pituitary gland. Symptoms may include:
- mood swings or behavior changes
- weight change
- drowsiness or fatigue
- changes in vision
Diagnosis of craniopharyngioma:
Blood and urine tests to measure hormone levels and medical imaging provide the best means of diagnosing pituitary tumors. For craniopharyngiomas, an MRI of the area surrounding the pituitary gland will be performed. In addition, a CT scan may be performed to provide a detailed image of the brain and pituitary gland.
Treatment for craniopharyngiomas:
Specific treatment for a craniopharyngioma is determined by the neurosurgeon and endocrinologist (hormonal disorder specialist) from the Pituitary Tumor team. Based on the specific nature of the patient's craniopharyngioma, treatment may include surgical removal of the tumor, including a procedure called orbitozygomatic craniotomy, radiosurgery or stereotactic radiotherapy, or hormonal replacement therapy.
For more information, contact the Pituitary Tumor Center.
Request an Appointment
To arrange evaluations and request appointments, patients can call 410-955-9270 to speak with an agent who can begin the scheduling process. Learn more.
Already a Patient?
Traveling for Care?
Whether you're crossing the country or the globe, we make it easy to access world-class care at Johns Hopkins.