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Title:
AALL1231 A Phase III Randomized Trial Investigating Bortezomib (NSC# 681239; IND# 58443) on a Modified Augmented BFM (ABFM) Backbone in Newly Diagnosed T- Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) and T- Lymphoblastic Lymphoma (T-LLy)
Protocol Number:
PAALL1231
Phase:
Phase III
Physician:
Patrick Brown
Sites:
Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center in Baltimore
Purpose:
This randomized phase III clinical trial compares how well combination chemotherapy works when given with or without bortezomib in treating patients with newly diagnosed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia or stage II-IV T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. Bortezomib may help reduce the number of leukemia or lymphoma cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It may also help chemotherapy work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the drugs. It is not yet known if giving standard chemotherapy with or without bortezomib is more effective in treating T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. .
Eligibility:
Ages Eligible for Study: 2 Years to 30 Years Genders Eligible for Study: Both Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: •Patients must be enrolled on Project: Every Child (APEC14B1) prior to treatment and enrollment on AALL1231 •Patients must have newly diagnosed T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) or T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LLy) stages II-IV ?Note: a diagnosis of T-ALL is established when leukemic blasts lack myeloperoxidase or evidence of B-lineage derivation (cluster of differentiation [CD]19/CD22/CD20), and express either surface or cytoplasmic CD3 or two or more of the antigens CD8, CD7, CD5, CD4, CD2 or CD1a, and are present either in peripheral blood or greater than 25% in the bone marrow; if surface CD3 is expressed on all leukemic cells, additional markers of immaturity, including terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), CD34 or CD99 will be assessed for expression; cases with uncertain expression will receive additional review within the appropriate Children's Oncology Group (COG) reference laboratory ?For T-LLy patients with tissue available for flow cytometry, the criterion for diagnosis should be analogous to T-ALL; for tissue processed by other means (i.e. paraffin blocks), the methodology and criteria for immunophenotypic analysis to establish the diagnosis of T-LLy defined by the submitting institution will be accepted •All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines Exclusion Criteria: •Patients must not have received any cytotoxic chemotherapy for either the current diagnosis of T-ALL, T-L-Ly or for any cancer diagnosis prior to the initiation of protocol therapy on AALL1231, with the exception of: ?Steroid pretreatment (60mg/m2/day prednisone [or 48 mg/m2/day of methylprednisolone] for equal to less than 120 [5 days] hours in the 7 days prior to initiating Induction chemotherapy or for equal to less than 336 hours [14 days] in the 28 days prior to initiating induction chemotherapy); prior exposure to ANY steroids that occurred greater than 28 days before the initiation of protocol therapy does not affect eligibility ?Intrathecal cytarabine; or ?600 cGy of chest irradiation, if medically necessary ?* Pre-treatment with dexamethasone in the 28 days prior to initiation of protocol therapy is not allowed •Pre-existing greater than equal to grade 2 sensory or motor peripheral neurotoxicity •Uncontrolled seizure disorder •Diagnosis of Down syndrome (Trisomy 21) •Patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential •Lactating females who plan to breastfeed •Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Treatment:
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. INDUCTION ARM A: Patients receive cytarabine intrathecally (IT) at time of diagnostic lumbar puncture (if within 72 hours from start of protocol therapy) OR day 1; vincristine sulfate intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; dexamethasone orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 (no taper); daunorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on days 4 and 18; and methotrexate IT on days 8 and 29 (and on days 15 and 22 for central nervous system 3 involvement [CNS3] T-ALL patients). INDUCTION ARM B: Patients receive bortezomib IV on days 1, 4, 8, and 11; and vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, daunorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, and methotrexate as in Induction Arm A. CONSOLIDATION: Beginning on day 36 from Induction, patients receive methotrexate IT on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 (days 1 and 8 only for CNS3 T-ALL or CNS3 T-LLy patients); cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 29; cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-4, 8-11, 29-32, and 36-39; mercaptopurine PO once daily (QD) on days 1-14 and 29-42; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on days 15 and 43; and vincristine sulfate IV on days 15, 22, 43, and 50. Patients with persistent testicular disease undergo radiation therapy. Patients are then assigned to subsequent therapy according to risk assignment. Patients with standard risk (SR) disease receive Interim Maintenance with Capizzi methotrexate (CMTX); patients with intermediate risk (IR) disease receive Interim Maintenance with high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX), Delayed Intensification, and then Interim Maintenance with CMTX; and patients with very high risk (VHR) disease receive 3 HR Intensification Blocks, Delayed Intensification, and then Interim Maintenance with CMTX. CMTX INTERIM MAINTENANCE: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41; methotrexate IV over 2-5 minutes (undiluted) or 10-15 minutes (diluted) on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on days 2 and 22; and methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31. The next course (based on risk assignment) begins on day 57 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). DELAYED INTENSIFICATION ARM A: Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 8, 15, 43, and 50; dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes on days, 1, 8, and 15; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on days 4, 18, and 50; methotrexate IT on days 1, 29, and 36; cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29; cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39; and thioguanine PO on days 29-42. The next course (based on risk assignment) begins on day 64 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). DELAYED INTENSIFICATION ARM B: Patients receive bortezomib IV on days 1, 4, 15, and 18; and vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and thioguanine as in Delayed Intensification Arm A. The next course (based on risk assignment) begins on day 64 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). HDMTX INTERIM MAINTENANCE: Patients receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on days 1, 15, 29, and 43; leucovorin calcium IV or PO on days 3-4, 17-18, 31-32, and 45-46; vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 15, 29, and 43; mercaptopurine PO QD on days 1-56; and methotrexate IT on days 1-29. The next course (based on randomization assignment) begins on day 57 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). INTENSIFICATION BLOCK I: Patients receive dexamethasone IV or PO BID on days 1-5; high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium IV or PO on days 3-4; vincristine sulfate IV on days 1 and 6; cyclophosphamide IV over 1-6 hours on days 2-4; high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on day 5; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 6; and triple IT therapy comprising methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on day 1. The next course (Intensification Block II) begins on day 22 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). INTENSIFICATION BLOCK II: Patients receive dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-5; high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 1; leucovorin PO or IV on days 3-4; vincristine sulfate IV on days 1 and 6; ifosfamide IV over 1 hour every 12 hours on days 2-4; daunorubicin IV over 30 minutes on day 5; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 6; and triple IT therapy on day 1 as in Intensification Block I. The next course (Intensification Block III) begins on day 22 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). INTENSIFICATION BLOCK III: Patients receive dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-5; high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1-2; etoposide IV over 1-2 hours every 12 hours on days 3-5; pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 6; and triple IT therapy on day 5 as in Intensification Block I. The next course (based on randomization) begins on day 22 or when blood counts recover (whichever occurs later). MAINTENANCE THERAPY: All patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on days 1, 29, and 57; dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-5, 29-33, and 57-61; mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84; methotrexate PO on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78 (omit day 29 for SR patients during the first 4 courses); methotrexate IT on day 1 (and day 29 during the first 4 courses for SR patients and during the first 2 courses for IR patients). Patients with CNS3 IR disease also undergo cranial radiation therapy during the first 4 weeks (course 1). Treatment in female patients with T-ALL and patients with T-LLY repeats every 12 weeks for up to 2 years from the start of Interim Maintenance (week 119). Treatment in male patients with T-ALL repeats every 12 weeks for up to 3 years from the start of Interim Maintenance (week 171).
Population:
Adult
Last Update
03/05/2019 05:03 AM