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Interventional Pulmonology for Lung Cancer
The Johns Hopkins Lung Cancer Program is one of the first centers in the nation to use advanced, less invasive therapies such as interventional pulmonology to treat patients with lung cancer and related health complications. Interventional pulmonology techniques are nonsurgical procedures used to diagnose lung cancer and treat patients without surgery.
Our expert team of pulmonologists (lung specialists) works collaboratively with oncologists, radiologists and other specialists to provide you with fully integrated, comprehensive care. Learn more about prevention, diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer at Johns Hopkins.
Interventional Pulmonology Techniques at Johns Hopkins
Interventional pulmonology techniques include:
- Bronchoscopy: Uses a flexible endoscope (bronchoscope) inserted through the mouth or nose into the windpipe to check for problems in the lung
- Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS): Uses an ultrasound probe attached to a bronchoscope to biopsy (sample of tissue) the lung, helping with early detection and diagnosis of lung cancer
- Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy: An advanced bronchoscopy procedure that allows doctors to visualize areas of the lung that are hard to access and typically require more invasive surgery
- Endobronchial brachytherapy: Delivers targeted radiation therapy via an endoscope to destroy tumors in the lungs or throat, via the bronchial tubes, minimizing damage to the surrounding healthy tissue (Learn more about brachytherapy.)
- Airway stent: Uses a bronchoscope to insert a stent (small mesh tube) into a narrowed airway, helping to relieve advanced cancer symptoms such as difficulty breathing, coughing and pneumonia
- Photodynamic therapy: Uses a cancer drug, called a photosensitizer, injected into the bloodstream along with a laser or other light to target and destroy cancer cells