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About the Cardiac Surgery Residency Program


Our mission in Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery is to provide patients with the best and safest surgical care using innovative techniques while fostering leadership through education and research.

Clinical Service Philosophy and Core Values

  • Surgical Excellence
  • Integrity
  • Innovation and Discovery
  • Respect for the Individual
  • Fostering Leadership through Education and Research

History of Cardiac Surgery Research

Cardiac surgical research at The Johns Hopkins Hospital has a long and productive history. Since its inception in 1942 by Alfred Blalock, M.D., and Vivien Thomas, investigators in the Cardiac Surgery Research Laboratory have set the standards for surgical research today. Areas of research include:

  • solutions to congenital cardiac defects, i.e. tetralogy of Fallot (blue baby)
  • early advances in cardiopulmonary bypass using the heart-lung machine to facilitate open heart surgery
  • early prosthetic valve development with related coating and bonding studies
  • early development of the intra-aortic balloon pump
  • comparisons of anti-rejection medications in heart and heart-lung transplantation
  • heart and lung organ preservation techniques
  • effects of leukocyte filtration on cardiopulmonary bypass
  • techniques for safely extending hypothermic circulatory arrest and minimizing neurological injury
  • preventing spinal cord injury during aortic surgery
  • investigating the use of gene therapy to preserve the life of vein grafts
  • robotic cardiac surgery
  • surgical approaches to connective tissue disorders in Marfan syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome
  • multi-center clinical trials of ventricular assist devices for bridge to transplant and bridge to destination therapy
  • understanding and improving the cardiac surgical care of elderly patients