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Ciccarone Articles

Ciccarone Center Research

Topic

Antiplatelet Therapy

Landmark Articles

Comparison of the racial/ethnic prevalence of regular aspirin use for the primary prevention of coronary heart disease from the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.
By: Sanchez DR, Diez Roux AV, Michos ED, Blumenthal RS, Schreiner PJ, Burke GL, Watson K.
The regular use of aspirin (?3 days/week) was examined in a cohort of 6,452 White, Black, Hispanic, and Chinese patients without cardiovascular disease in 2000 to 2002 and 5,181 patients from the same cohort in 2005 to 2007. Framingham risk scores were stratified into low (<6% risk of MI over next decade), increased (6% to 9.9%), and high (?10%) risk. In 2000 to 2002 prevalences of aspirin use were 18% and 27% for those at increased and high risk, respectively. In conclusion, regular aspirin use in adults at increased and high risk for CHD remains suboptimal. Important racial/ethnic disparities exist for unclear reasons.
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Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms on chromosome 9p21.3 with platelet reactivity: a potential mechanism for increased vascular disease.
By: Musunuru K, Post WS, Herzog W, Shen H, O’Connell JR, McArdle PF, Ryan KA, Gibson Q, Cheng YC, Clearfield E, Johnson AD, Tofler G, Yang Q, O’Donnell CJ, Becker DM, Yanek LR, Becker LC, Faraday N, Bielak LF, Peyser PA, Shuldiner AR, Mitchell BD.
Genome-wide association studies have identified a locus on chromosome 9p21.3 to be strongly associated with myocardial infarction/coronary artery disease and ischemic stroke. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying these associations, we hypothesized that SNPs in this region would be associated with platelet reactivity across multiple populations. Subjects in the initial population included 1,402 asymptomatic Amish adults in whom we measured platelet reactivity and CAC. Our results suggest that risk alleles at 9p21.3 locus may have pleiotropic effects on myocardial infarction/coronary artery disease and stroke risk, possibly through their influence on platelet reactivity.
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