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Elizabeth Ratchford, MD

Ciccarone Center Research

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Elizabeth Ratchford, MD

Elizabeth Ratchford, MD
Ratchford, Elizabeth, MD

Elizabeth Ratchford, MD is the Director at Johns Hopkins Center for Vascular Medicine and is an Assistant Professor of Medicine.

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Peripheral arterial disease.

By: Salameh MJ, Ratchford EV.

Vascular disease patient information page: Peripheral artery disease.

By: Ratchford EV, Evans NS.

Peripheral artery disease is common, and the symptoms typically include leg discomfort with exercise. Patients with PAD can also have other symptoms such as non-healing wounds on the feet. A simple ABI test with a blood pressure cuff can diagnose PAD. Treatment for PAD includes smoking cessation, medications aimed at preventing heart attack and stroke, and exercise to alleviate the discomfort. Patients with more severe PAD, such as those with wounds that are not healing or those with symptoms that do not respond to medication and exercise, may need to undergo a procedure to restore blood flow to the leg (angioplasty or bypass surgery).

Vascular disease patient information page: Venous Thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism).

By: Evans NS, Ratchford EV.

Venous thromboembolism is common, occurring in about one to two per 1000 people each year. DVT is typically diagnosed using ultrasound. PE is usually diagnosed using a CT scan. Anticoagulant medications are the mainstay of treatment; most patients take anticoagulants for a minimum of 3 months. Several important measures can help prevent venous thromboembolism.

Usefulness of coronary and carotid imaging rather than traditional atherosclerotic risk factors to identify firefighters at increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

By: Ratchford EV, Carson KA, Jones SR, Ashen MD.
Early detection and integration of imaging with traditional risk assessment will be important in preventing premature death and disability among firefighters.

Extensive bilateral lower extremity deep venous thrombosis in a patient on dimethyl fumarate.

By: Ratchford EV, Baldanza JT, Pardo CA.

We report a case of extensive bilateral lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVTs) in a patient recently started on dimethyl fumarate.

Peripheral Artery Disease.

International ABI awareness as the next step in the PAD campaign.

By: Ratchford E.

Study investigates several issues related to peripheral artery disease (PAD) awareness among general practitioners (GPs) in Queensland. She contends that the study's response rate was low at 26%, however, it clearly highlights the importance of disseminating PAD guidelines and improving ankle-brachial index (ABI) awareness. She notes that the study distinguishes between PAD screening and PAD diagnosis.

Epidemiology and natural history of peripheral artery disease.

By: Ratchford EV, Salameh MJ.

Short-term effect of atorvastatin on carotid artery elasticity: a pilot study.

By: Ratchford EV, Gutierrez J, Lorenzo D, McClendon MS, Della-Morte D, DeRosa JT, Elkind MS, Sacco RL, Rundek T.
Short-term treatment with high-dose atorvastatin was associated with improvement in the carotid elasticity metrics. Carotid artery elasticity measured by B-mode ultrasound is a simple noninvasive measure of arterial wall function and may be a useful surrogate end point in clinical trials targeting individuals at increased risk for atherosclerosis.

Short-term effect of atorvastatin on carotid artery elasticity.

By: Ratchford EV, Gutierrez J, Lorenzo D, McClendon MS, Della-Morte D, DeRosa JT, Elkind MSV, Sacco RL, Rundek T.
Short-term treatment with high-dose atorvastatin was associated with improvement in the carotid elasticity metrics. Carotid artery elasticity measured by B-mode ultrasound is a simple noninvasive measure of arterial wall function and may be a useful surrogate end point in clinical trials targeting individuals at increased risk for atherosclerosis.