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Ciccarone Center Research
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- Antiplatelet Therapy
- ASCVD (Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease)
- Blood Pressure
- Cardiac CT
- Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
- Carotid Atherosclerosis
- Cerebrovascular Disease / Stroke / Cognitive Function
- Cholesterol / Lipids / Statins
- Cigarette Smoking
- Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
- Diet & Weight
- Disparities in Care
- Emotional Health
- Endothelial Function
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Exercise and Physical Fitness
- Family History of CVD
- Gender / Cardiovascular Disease in Women
- Heart Failure
- Heart Rate
- Markers of Thrombosis, Myocardial Injury, Wall Stress
- Mobile Health
- Nutrition, Vitamins, Supplements
- PVD – Peripheral Vascular Disease
- Quality of Care
- Renal Disease
- Rheumatoid Arthritis & Collagen Vascular Diseases
- Sleep Disorders
- Stem Cells
- Subclinical Atherosclerosis
- Vascular Imaging
- Vascular Stiffness
View by Journal
- American Heart Journal
- American Journal of Cardiology
- American Journal of Epidemiology
- American Journal of Hypertension
- Annals of Internal Medicine
- Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis & Vascular Biology
- British Medical Journal
- Clinical Cardiology
- Diabetes Care
- European Heart Journal
- European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
- International Journal of Cardiology
- Journal of Hypertension
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology
- Journal of the American Heart Association
- Journal of the American Medical Association
- Mayo Clinic Proceedings
- New England Journal of Medicine
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- Meet the Authors
Quality of Care
To facilitate the guideline-based implementation of treatment recommendations in the ambulatory setting and to encourage participation in the multiple preventive health efforts that exist, we have organized several recent guideline updates into a simple ABCDEF approach. We would remind clinicians that evidence-based medicine is meant to inform recommendations but that synthesis of patient-specific data and use of appropriate clinical judgment in each individual situation is ultimately preferred.Published in: Journal of the American Heart AssociationRead on Pubmed
Health disparities in endocrine disorders: Biological, clinical, and nonclinical factors — an Endocrine Society Scientific Statement.Read on Pubmed
There is little evidence that genetic differences contribute significantly to race/ethnic disparities in the endocrine disorders examined. Multilevel interventions have reduced disparities in diabetes care, and these successes can be modeled to design similar interventions for other endocrine diseases.
Implementing and evaluating a multicomponent inpatient diabetes management program: putting research into practice.
Inpatient glucose management remains an important area for patient safety, quality improvement, and clinical research, and the implementation model should guide other hospitals in their glucose management initiatives.
Evidence-based use of statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Current national guidelines recommend statins as part of a comprehensive primary prevention strategy for patients with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol at increased risk for developing coronary heart disease within 10 years. However, we believe data provide compelling evidence to support the use of statins for primary prevention in patients with risk factors for developing coronary heart disease over the next decade.
Neighborhood health-promoting resources and obesity risk (the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis).
Altering the residential environment so that healthier behaviors and lifestyles can be easily chosen may be a precondition for sustaining existing healthy behaviors and for adopting new healthy behaviors.
Comparison of the Diamond-Forrester method and Duke Clinical Score to predict obstructive coronary artery disease by computed tomographic angiography.
Comparison of exercise treadmill testing with cardiac computed tomography angiography among patients presenting to the emergency room with chest pain: the Rule Out Myocardial Infarction Using Computer-Assisted Tomography (ROMICAT) study.
Although patients with a high number of clinical risk factors are more likely to have obstructive coronary artery disease, those who are young or who would be expected to have a very high exercise capacity are unlikely to have coronary stenosis and therefore may benefit from initial treadmill testing instead of CTA.
Cardiovascular aging: the next frontier in cardiovascular prevention.
Age is the dominant risk for CVD, but it has traditionally been viewed as a nonmodifiable risk factor. This chapter examines physiologic aging and clinical interventions to slow this process. Future studies should examine whether such interventions can slow the process of accelerated cardiovascular aging and attenuate the impact of age as the dominant risk factor for CVD.
Cost-effective prevention of coronary heart disease.
Healthcare designed to prevent future illness and minimize progression of current illness is a powerful means to improve quality of life, minimize mortality, and decrease health care costs. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the #1 killer of both men and women in the United States. Prevention of CHD involves early identification and management of risk factors through assessment and treatment. The goal in CHD prevention is to produce the largest relative risk reduction, the smallest number needed to treat, and the lowest cost per quality-adjusted life year saved. Evidence-based treatment strategies have been shown to cost-effectively minimize CHD risk and reduce morbidity and mortality. Approaches that encompass the lifespan, solidify assessment and treatment strategies in the primary care setting, and reach into the workplace, schools, churches, and homes to make small changes in risk factors across an entire population are important areas for improving CHD preventive care. Public health policies are also necessary to support implementation of preventive programs.