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(A-Z listing includes diseases, conditions, tests and procedures)

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Prostate Cancer Treatment: What You Need to Know

  • Your doctors may use a combination of several treatments, including surgery, radiation therapy or hormone therapy, to treat prostate cancer. Some treatments help enhance the effect of other treatments.
  • Learning about side effects ahead of time is key to managing them. Although side effects are common for many prostate cancer treatments, sometimes you can take action to minimize them.
  • When it comes to prostate cancer treatment, timing is often just as important as the type of treatment chosen. Some patients select active surveillance or watchful waiting to delay treatment and avoid its associated risks and side effects.


It is important to understand the various prostate cancer treatment options before making a decision. Your physician team will provide a comprehensive assessment of available treatments as well as expected outcomes.

Your treatment decision will be based on a number of clinical and psychological factors, including your:

  • Cancer stage
  • Need for therapy
  • Level of risk
  • Anticipated life expectancy
  • Overall health
  • Personal preference

Medical researchers and doctors still have much to learn about prostate cancer therapy. Even when considering each patient’s unique clinical and psychological factors, there still may be some uncertainty about therapy selection and the need for immediate treatment.


Surgery is often used to treat early-stage prostate cancer that has not spread to distant sites. Explore several surgical methods, including open and laparoscopic, as well as the recovery process.

Learn more about prostate cancer surgery.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy kills pancreatic cancer cells using high-energy rays or particles. Discover the top radiation therapies available. And learn the most common side effects of treatment.

Learn more about radiation therapy for prostate cancer.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy fights prostate cancer by decreasing androgen levels or stopping androgen function. Explore several hormone therapies and recommendations for fighting their associated side effects.

Learn more about hormone therapy for prostate cancer.


Chemotherapy may be used to relieve symptoms or enhance the effects of other prostate cancer treatments. Learn about the common side effects of chemotherapy and how to manage them successfully.   

Learn more about chemotherapy for prostate cancer.


Find out how the FDA-approved sipuleucel-T vaccine helps your own immune system fight back against prostate cancer cells. It may help increase survival in certain prostate cancer patients.

Learn more about immunotherapy for prostate cancer.

Systemic Therapy

Systemic therapy targets prostate cancer cells throughout the body. Discover how doctors may use a combination of chemotherapy, hormone therapy and novel agents to treat metastatic disease.

Learn more about systemic therapy for prostate cancer.


Cryotherapy involves freezing the cancer cells and cutting off their blood supply. The frozen, dead tissue then thaws and is naturally absorbed by the body.

Learn more about cryotherapy for prostate cancer.

Active Surveillance

Patients with slow-growing prostate cancer may choose to delay treatment because of its risks and side effects. Learn how active surveillance uses routine testing to monitor disease progression.

Learn more about active surveillance for prostate cancer.

Watchful Waiting

Men with localized prostate cancer may choose to monitor symptoms rather than seek immediate treatment. Learn how watchful waiting may be used if you have poor health and a limited life expectancy.

Learn more about watchful waiting for prostate cancer.

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