Sleep is an essential part of your growing child's health. The amount of sleep needed changes as the child grows older. Newborns sleep approximately 16 to 17 hours a day, while preschoolers need only about 12 hours a day.
Normal sleep has two parts: rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM). REM is an active form of sleep that is not as deep as NREM sleep. Dreams often happen during REM sleep. NREM sleep is a deep sleep. There are less body movements during this phase and the child breathes at a more regular rate.
Sleep disturbances or problems are common during infancy and childhood, including having trouble getting your child to bed, nightmares, and night terrors. Listed in the directory below you will find additional information regarding sleep habits and your child, for which we have provided a brief overview.
Healthy Sleep Habits
Nightmares and Night Terrors
Get a Better, More Restful Night’s Sleep
More than 60 million Americans suffer from poor sleep quality, and more than 40 million meet the diagnostic criteria for sleep disorders. Sleep is critical to a healthy mind and body – learn how to get a better, more restful night’s sleep in the Johns Hopkins Healthy Sleep portal.