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A B C D E F G H I J K LM N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9
(A-Z listing includes diseases, conditions, tests and procedures)

Hearing Loss

Hearing Loss: What You Need to Know

hearing health
  • Hearing loss is a medical disorder that affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States.

  • If you have sudden hearing loss, see your health care provider right away as this may be the development of a serious hearing problem.

  • Avoiding constant or continuous exposure to loud noises can help protect your hearing and prevent gradual hearing loss. It is not a reversible condition so prevention is important.

  • One in three adults over age 60 has hearing loss

Hearing Loss Causes

Older people are the largest group affected by hearing loss. The contributors range from excessive noise to drugs, viral or bacterial infections, head injury or head tumors, stroke and heredity.

There may be many causes for age-related hearing loss. It most often occurs because of  changes in the following locations:

  • Within the inner ear (most common)

  • Within the middle ear

  • Along the nerve pathways to the brain

Other factors that affect age-related hearing loss:

  • Continuous exposure to loud noise (such as music or work-related noise)

  • Loss of hair cells (sensory receptors in the inner ear)

  • Inherited factors

  • Aging

  • Various health conditions, such as heart disease or diabetes

  • Side effects of some medications, such as aspirin and certain antibiotics

Health Promise Badge

Make a Health Promise

Hearing loss affects nearly 36 million adults in the United States. If ignored or untreated, it can get worse. But hearing loss that is identified early can be treated with hearing aids, medications or surgery. Protect your ears from excessive noise. If you suspect you’re experiencing loss of hearing, schedule a hearing test.

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Hearing Loss Symptoms

The following are the most common symptoms of age-related hearing loss:

  • Speech of others sounds mumbled or slurred.

  • High-pitched sounds, such as "s" or "th" are hard to distinguish.

  • Conversations are difficult to understand, particularly when there is background noise.

  • Men's voices are easier to hear than women's.

  • Some sounds seem overly loud and annoying.

  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears) may occur in one or both ears.

The symptoms of age-related hearing loss may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.

Hearing Loss Diagnosis

Your health care provider will use an otoscope, which is a lighted scope, to check in the outer ear canal and to look at the ear drum. He or she will look for damage to the ear drum, blockage of the ear canal from foreign objects or impacted ear wax, inflammation or infection.

You may be referred to a hearing specialist, an audiologist, to have an audiogram. An audiogram is a test in which sounds are played through headphones to one ear at a time. You are asked to respond if you are able to hear each sound. If a person can’t hear certain tones, this suggests there has been some degree of hearing loss.

Hearing Loss: Why Choose Johns Hopkins?

Man cupping his ear, struggling to hear.

Hearing problems don’t discriminate and can affect people at any stage of life. Don’t suffer in silence with hearing loss.

Our center’s physicians are among the finest and most highly skilled otologists and neurotologists (ear, nose and throat doctors) in the world. Their expertise, coupled with the care of licensed and certified audiologists, ensures you get quality care.

Hearing Loss Treatment

Your health care provider will figure out the best treatment based on:

  • How old you are

  • Your overall health and medical history

  • How sick you are

  • How well you can handle specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • How long the condition is expected to last

  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment options for age-related hearing loss may include the following:

  • Hearing aid(s)

  • Assistive devices, such as telephone amplifiers or technology that converts speech to text

  • Training in speech-reading (to use visual cues to determine what is being said)

  • Techniques for preventing excess wax in the outer ear

Hearing Loss: Answer from Experts Andrea Marlow and Kim Webster

Doctor fits patient for a hearing aid.

One in five Americans is affected by hearing loss, but there are many different causes -- and many different treatment options.

Learn more about hearing loss causes and treatment options for people experiencing hearing loss.

Age-Related Hearing Loss Complications

If your hearing loss is significant enough, you may need some type of hearing aid or other aids to communicate with others.

Hearing Loss Prevention

The most important way to prevent age-related hearing loss is to protect your hearing.

  • Avoid loud noises and reduce noise exposure

  • Wear ear plugs or special fluid-filled ear muffs (to prevent further damage to hearing)

Living with age-related hearing loss

If you have hearing loss, your health care professional can refer you to specialists in hearing loss, such as an:

  • Otolaryngologist .This is a doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions of the ears, nose, and throat.

  • Audiologist. This is a health care professional who specializes in testing and managing hearing problems.

Advising the White House on Hearing Loss

Dr. Frank Lin sitting beside an MRI machine.

Otolaryngologist, Frank Lin's research connecting hearing loss with conditions such as dementia and brain atrophy earned him a presidential advisory post.

Read the article to learn more about the Johns Hopkins physician advising the White House.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider:

  • Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.

  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.

  • During the visit, write down the names of new medicines, treatments or tests as well as any new instructions your provider gives you.

  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time and purpose for that visit.

  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.

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