Search Menu
Search entire library by keyword
Choose by letter to browse topics
A B C D E F G H I J K LM N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9
(A-Z listing includes diseases, conditions, tests and procedures)

Bladder Cancer Symptoms

For most people, the first symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, also called hematuria. Sometimes the blood is visible, prompting the patient to visit a doctor. Other times, blood is microscopic and is only discovered during either a routine lab test or one that was ordered after the patient reported other urinary symptoms.

The following irritative urination symptoms are also associated with bladder cancer, though it’s important to know that these also can be present in a variety of benign urologic conditions, like a urinary tract infection or benign prostatic hyperplasia:

  • Pain
  • Burning
  • Frequent urination
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Passage of tissue fragments in urine (less frequent than other symptoms)

The presence of one or all of these signs does not mean you have cancer, but you should be seen by a physician, as these are abnormal bodily functions. Sometimes those diagnosed with bladder cancer do not experience any bleeding or pain. That’s why routine screening and physicals are very important.

Answers to Common Questions About Bladder Cancer

Understand the basics of bladder cancer, from risk factors and diagnosis to the various treatment and urinary diversion options available. Armine Smith, M.D., a surgeon at the Johns Hopkins Greenberg Bladder Cancer Institute, tells you what you need to know.

Experience Our Care

Find a physician at another Johns Hopkins Member Hospital:
Connect with a Treatment Center:
Find Additional Treatment Centers at:
woman holding pill case

Johns Hopkins Home Care

We provide high quality, individualized care for patients of all ages where you feel most comfortable – your home or community. Our services and equipment are designed to help you regain and retain a level of independence.

Learn More