The abdominal wall consists of skin, fatty tissue, and muscle.
The intestines are protected by the abdominal wall.
A hernia occurs when there is a weakness in the muscle.
This can lead to a widening gap.
Portions of intestine can get caught in the gap.
Over time, the herniated intestine can become larger.
It can twist and cut off blood supply.
The only way to fix a hernia is with surgery.
Hernia surgery repairs the intestine,
which involves reducing the hernia.
It also restores function to the muscle layer.
The muscle gap is closed to prevent hernias from recurring.
Often a mesh is used to strengthen the area.
Scar revisions can sometimes be performed.