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Gynecology & Obstetrics

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Conditions We Treat: Uterine and Vaginal Prolapse

Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus sags down into a woman’s vagina as a result of weak pelvic floor muscles and ligaments. 

Vaginal prolapse occurs when the upper part of the vagina drops down into the lower part, causing the vagina to put pressure on other pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus and rectum.

Uterine and Vaginal Prolapse: What You Need to Know

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  • Uterine and vaginal prolapse become more common as women age.
  • Factors that increase your risk of uterine and vaginal prolapse include childbirth, age, obesity, chronic constipation and having a hysterectomy.
  • Women with uterine and vaginal prolapse may have problems with bladder control (urinary incontinence) or bowel movements (fecal incontinence).
  • Your physician may diagnose uterine and vaginal prolapse with a pelvic exam and urodynamics, a group of tests to evaluate bladder function. 
  • Subtypes of vaginal prolapse include vaginal prolapse after hysterectomy, cystocele (prolapse of the vaginal wall under the bladder), uterine prolapse (fallen uterus) and rectocele (prolapse of the vaginal wall under the rectum).
  • Treatment ranges from pelvic floor exercises for mild cases to vaginal pessaries — vaginal support devices inserted into a woman’s vagina — and minimally invasive surgery for moderate to severe cases.

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Why choose Johns Hopkins for treatment of uterine and vaginal prolapse?

Women's Pelvic Health Team at Johns Hopkins

Our Physicians

Rely on the expertise of our physicians to help you manage uterine and vaginal prolapse.

doctor looks at pelvic xray

Our Treatments

At Johns Hopkins, our pelvic health specialists use the latest technology to diagnose and treat uterine and vaginal prolapse. We offer minimally invasive treatment options, such as vaginal pessaries and laparoscopic or robotic procedures, for a faster recovery and an earlier return to normal activities.

Learn more about treatments for pelvic floor disorders at Johns Hopkins.

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Our Patient Care

We are one of the few centers nationally that provides coordinated care among specialties. Our urogynecology team works with experts across Johns Hopkins in urology, colorectal surgery, nursing and physical therapy to provide you with comprehensive, personalized care. With our multidisciplinary approach, we are able to effectively treat uterine and vaginal prolapse and any coexisting bladder or bowel dysfunction.

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

Our Locations

With convenient locations throughout the Baltimore metropolitan area, we make it easy for you to seek the care and treatment you need to manage your uterine and vaginal prolapse.

View all of our locations.