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Gynecology & Obstetrics

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Conditions We Treat: Fetal Tumors

Fetal tumors are masses that can develop from a range of fetal tissues. In some circumstances, tumors can harm the fetus by requiring significant blood supply. This may result in fetal heart failure and hydrops. The majority of fetal tumors, though, are benign in nature, which means once they are removed they do not tend to recur. Cancer in the fetus is extremely rare.

Fetal Tumors: What You Need to Know

  • The prognosis of fetal tumors depends on several factors, including a tumor's underlying cause, its location and the presence of any associated genetic conditions.
  • Fetal tumors can be treated by blocking their blood supply. In severe cases, open fetal surgery may be required.
  • Sometimes, tumors are in a position that may compress the fetal airways and require a special delivery technique called EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment).
  • After treatment for fetal tumors, our patients will have continued access to the most advanced multidisciplinary care at Johns Hopkins, including our fetal, maternal and pediatric specialties.

The Center for Fetal Therapy team.


Our Physicians

Rely on the expertise of our physicians to help you detect and treat fetal tumors.