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Hypertension Research

High blood pressure affects 65 million Americans. Another 59 million Americans have prehypertension, which increases their chances of developing cardiovascular disease. People over 55 have a 90 percent chance of developing high blood pressure in their lifetime. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for 3 of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States: heart disease (#1), stroke (#3), and kidney disease (#9) (source: National Center for Health Statistics). As the United States population becomes older—and increasingly overweight and obese—high blood pressure will become an even bigger problem. Hypertension imposes an especially heavy burden on the health of African Americans. Hypertension can be prevented by lifestyle modification, including weight loss and salt reduction, but the achievement of these goals in primary care has been disappointing. At Johns Hopkins, GIM faculty are engaged in the investigation and treatment of hypertension across the full range of its natural history.

Information about the faculty working in this research area and their projects is provided below.

Photo of Dr. Lawrence J. Appel, M.D., M.P.H.

Appel, Lawrence J., M.D., M.P.H.

Professor of Medicine
Director, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins University
The C. David Molina, M.D., M.P.H. Professor of Medicine, Epidemiology and International Health
Research Interests: Hypertension, Cardiovascular and Kidney Disease Prevention, Lifestyle Modification
Photo of Dr. Lisa Angeline Cooper, M.D., M.P.H.

Cooper, Lisa Angeline, M.D., M.P.H.

Professor of Medicine
Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Health and Healthcare Equity
James F. Fries Professor of Medicine
Director, Johns Hopkins Center for Health Equity
Core Faculty, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research
Research Interests: Race/ethnic health disparities, Patient-centered care, Patient-Physician relationships and communication
Photo of Dr. Michael J. Klag, M.D., M.P.H.

Klag, Michael J., M.D., M.P.H.

Professor of Medicine
Former Dean, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Research Interests: Hypertension, Renal failure, Precursors Study, Kidney disease, Cardiovascular, Epidemiology, Genetic markers, Health policy and management
Photo of Dr. Edgar Raymond Miller, III, M.D., Ph.D.

Miller, Edgar Raymond, M.D., Ph.D. III

Professor of Medicine
Deputy Director - Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Science, Research Clinical, Education, Training and Career Development Program
Director Clinical Research Scholars Program (KL-2), Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Research
Research Interests: Non-pharmacologic therapies, Hypertension, Antioxidants
Photo of Dr. Dhananjay Madhukar Vaidya, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., Ph.D.

Vaidya, Dhananjay Madhukar, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Research Interests: Mechanisms of vascular dysfunction, Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors
Photo of Dr. Jeffery Hunter Young, M.D., M.H.S.

Young, Jeffery Hunter, M.D., M.H.S.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Assistant Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Research Interests: Insulin resistance, Hypertension, Novel risk factors for CVD, Genetic epidemiology

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