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Center for Functional Anatomy

and Evolution

Dr. Gabriel S.Bever

Dr. Gabriel S. Bever

E-Mail: gbever1(at)
Phone: 410-955-7145

1830 E. Monument St., Room 307
Baltimore, MD 21205 USA


Ph.D. Paleontology, University of Texas at Austin, 2006

M.S. Paleontology, Fort Hays State University, 2000

B.S. Biology, Pittsburg State University, 1997

Research Focuses

Evolution and development of the vertebrate skeleton

Origin of the major tetrapod crown clades

Evolution of variability

Fossils and molecules in evolutionary theory

I am interested in integrating fossils, morphology, development, genomics, and systematics to better understand the evolutionary origin of major vertebrate crown clades and their body plans. I am particularly interested in the evolution of vertebrate sensory systems and the brain/skull relationship. I also pursue questions addressing how developmental systems regulate phenotypic variability and the patterns those regulatory dynamics produce in deep time.

Special Links

Curriculum Vitae

Recent/Noteworthy Publications

Lyson, T.R., T.M. Scheyer, B.Rubidge, K. de Queiroz, E.R. Schachner, R. Smith, J. Botha-Brink, and G.S. Bever. (2016) Fossorial origin of the turtle shell. Current Biology 26: 1887–1894. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.05.020

Bhullar, B.-A.S., Hanson, M., Fabbri, M., Pritchard, A., Bever, G.S., Hoffman, E. (2016) How to make a bird skull: major transitions in the evolution of the avian cranium. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56: 389=403. DOI:10.1093/icb/icw069

Bever, G.S. T.R. Lyson, D.J. Field, B.-A.S. Bhullar. 2016. The amniote temporal roof and the diapsid origin of the turtle skull. Zoology. DOI: 10.1016/j.zool.2016.04.005

Chen, J., G.S. Bever, H. Yi, and M.A. Norell. (2016) New digging frog from the late Paleocene of Mongolia uncovers a deep history of spadefoot (Pelobatoidea) evolution in Asia. Scientific Reports 6 (19209): 1–7.

Balanoff, A.M., G.S. Bever, M.W. Colbert, J.A. Clarke, D.J. Field, P.M. Gignac, D.T. Ksepka, R. Ridgely, N.A. Smith, C. Torres, S. Walsh, and L. Witmer. (2015) Best practices for digitally constructing endocranial casts: examples from birds and their dinosaurian relatives. Journal of Anatomy 229: 173-190. DOI: 10.1111/joa.12378

Bever, G.S., T.R. Lyson, D.J. Field, and B.-A.S. Bhullar. (2015) Evolutionary origin of the turtle skull. Nature 525: 239–242. DOI: 10.1038/nature14900

Lyson, T.R., Schachner, E.R., Botha-Brink, J., Scheyer, T.M., Lambertz, M., Bever, G.S., ... and De Queiroz, K. (2014) Origin of the unique ventilatory apparatus of turtles. Nature Communications 5: 5211. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6211

Balanoff, A.M., Bever, G.S., Rowe, T.B., and Norell, M.A. (2013) Evolutionary origins of the avian brain. Nature 501: 93-96. DOI: 10.1038/nature12424