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Transoral Gastric Outlet Reduction: Judy’s Story

An innovative, minimally invasive procedure helped Judy Barnett, a 57-year-old cybersecurity professional, achieve her weight loss goals.

Judy Barnett smiling outside of her house

Story Highlights

  • After previous bariatric surgery procedures, Judy Barnett found she reached plateaus in her weight loss progress.

  • Judy consulted Vivek Kumbhari, M.D., Ph.D., who examined her and determined she was a good candidate for transoral gastric outlet reduction, a minimally invasive weight loss procedure.

  • Today Judy is happy with her results and expresses appreciation for her physician’s compassion and skill.

Judy pre-surgeryJudy, before her procedure, was concerned about health risks.

At 318 pounds, Judy Barnett of Essex, Maryland, was concerned about the health effects of carrying too much weight. “My father died young from heart and kidney complications of diabetes,” she says, adding that her own bloodwork revealed high blood sugar as well.

She also had other difficulties. “It was hard to travel by plane,” Judy says. “I needed a seatbelt extender, and it was impossible for me to sit in the middle seat without invading my husband’s space in the seat next to me.”

Surgery for Weight Loss

Her first bariatric (weight loss) surgical procedure was a sleeve gastrectomy in 2015. It worked for a while. But Judy was disappointed when, after a short time, her weight loss slowed down and “plateaued.”

Two years later, she underwent another bariatric operation called a gastric bypass, which surgically reduces the size of the upper stomach, making it a small pouch, and then connects it to the small intestine. That, too, ultimately resulted in less weight loss than she had hoped for.

Why Some Patients Regain Weight After Bariatric Surgery

Vivek Kumbhari, M.D., Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins’ Concierge Endoscopic Weight Loss Program, explains that people can regain weight after bypass procedures such as the gastric bypass.

“When patients undergo a gastric bypass operation, they can lose 100 pounds or more in the first nine to 12 months, and then they often plateau,” he explains. Over time, he says, the smaller stomach pouch created by the surgery, along with the connection between the pouch and the intestine, can stretch.

“In five to eight years after the surgery, about half of patients regain their weight. About 30% gain it all back,” Kumbhari says. “When this happens to patients, they’re embarrassed. They feel like a failure. It’s a horrible feeling.”

That’s where a new procedure called transoral gastric outlet reduction can make a difference.

“Reigniting” Weight Loss with Transoral Gastric Outlet Reduction

Transoral gastric outlet reduction is a minimally invasive procedure to retighten the gastric outlet, a circular opening between the stomach and the small intestine. A smaller opening allows food to stay in the stomach for a longer time so the patient feels fuller longer.

The surgeon accesses the gastric outlet through the patient’s mouth, using a hollow, lighted tube called an endoscope. Using instruments guided through the endoscope, the surgeon puts sutures (stitches) in the opening to make it smaller. There is no visible scar.

Kumbhari says the procedure can “reignite” weight loss, with little downtime.

“Though there might be some discomfort right after the procedure, patients can go back to their normal activities in a couple of days,” he says. “Over the course of four weeks, they go from a liquid diet to a soft food diet, and finally can eat regular foods.”

The Right Doctor at the Right Time

“Dr. Kumbhari and his staff really cared about me and my success.”

In 2018, Judy watched a video in which Dr. Kumbhari explains his approach to bariatric endoscopy. She contacted him, and from the first meeting, she felt like he was the right surgeon for her. “He talked to me, not at me,” she says.

Kumbhari examined Judy’s gastric outlet with an endoscope. He also took into account his patient’s mental and emotional health. Judy says, “We discussed my successes and failures, my feelings about weight loss, and what my expectations were for the procedure.”

Her fear of yet another disappointment faded as she and Kumbhari talked. He explained to Judy that the surgery could give her an advantage, but it would be up to her to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and nutritious foods.

“Judy was a good patient for the transoral gastric outlet reduction,” he says. “She was very engaged and well-informed. She took time to understand the procedure and her role in its success.”

Living Her Best Life After Losing More Weight

judy post surgeryJudy says she can walk with less pain and breathe more easily.

The transoral gastric outlet reduction itself, she says, took only about 45 minutes. Afterward, Judy says, “I started losing weight rapidly. With that procedure and follow-up, I've lost another 60 pounds.” She says she now weighs less than she did in high school. “I have collarbones!” she exclaims.

On a recent family trip, Judy stopped at a boutique and saw a rack of colorful dresses by a resort wear designer whose clothes she’d long coveted. The designer’s clothes are not available in plus sizes, so Judy had never been able to wear them. But, that day, she tried on one of the dresses. “I was over the moon when it fit,” Judy says.

Her health has improved, too. “I can go for a walk and not have pain. I can breathe more easily, and my heart rate is slower than it was before.” Judy says her blood sugar levels no longer indicate diabetes.

Judy is grateful to her husband, Rich, whom she says has been her coach, cheerleader and support throughout the entire process.

Following Up with Her Bariatric Doctor

Dr. Kumbhari continues to work with Judy, monitoring her success, and even touching up the procedure to ensure the gastric outlet stays small. He applies heat to the perimeter of the gastric outlet to create scar tissue, which prevents the diameter from expanding.

“Dr. Kumbhari is so kind. He cares about his patients. He explains everything in detail, and makes sure you’re fully informed and your expectations are realistic. He understands that the procedure is just a tool: The weight loss is the patient’s responsibility.”

Her advice to prospective patients is to find a specialist with excellent technical skills and expertise, along with kindness and compassion.

“Dr. Kumbhari and his staff were the first team that I felt really cared about me and my success,” she says. “He was confident in his ability to help me, and that made me feel confident, too.”

Meet Judy’s Treatment Team

Digestive Weight Loss Center

Johns Hopkins weight loss experts can help you find your healthy weight. We offer evaluations, counseling and weight loss solutions tailored to your needs.

Learn more about the Digestive Weight Loss Center

Learn more about the Digestive Weight Loss Center team

Concierge Endoscopic Weight Loss Program

Johns Hopkins offers customized, comprehensive programs that help you lose weight without surgery.

Learn more about the Concierge Endoscopic Weight Loss Program