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Top Prostate Cancer Questions
Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer in men. To help you cope with this condition, our leading urology and oncology experts have teamed up to provide you with the latest info on prevention, diagnostics and treatments. Our work is backed by leading-edge research and education designed to deliver the highest standard of prostate cancer care.
New study proves early treatment with both chemotherapy and hormonal therapy has a major impact
For men with metastatic prostate cancer that is growing despite hormonal therapy, there are two drugs that can help: enzalutamide and abiraterone. However, they are very expensive — costing as much as $100,000 a year — and not every man responds to either drug.
Peyronie's disease is a disorder of the connective tissue within the penis that can cause curvature during erection. Although its specific cause is unknown, its key characteristics are easily confirmed by a physician. Researchers are exploring how this disease may be connected with radical prostatectomy. Before you undergo radical prostatectomy, make sure you’re aware of this potential link.
If you have prostate cancer, your doctor will likely use the Gleason grading system to assess your disease. However, Gleason scores may create some confusion for physicians and patients. Find out how researchers are working to improve this system and enhance the accuracy of prostate cancer analysis.
For carefully screened patients, active surveillance can prevent the unnecessary treatment of prostate cancer. However, this approach is not without potential side effects. Researchers are working to protect patients by helping them prevent infections from biopsies and reduce the risk of misclassified cancer. Learn how to get the most out of active surveillance.
Scientist Don Coffey, Ph.D., has taken a four-million-year detour in his search to explain prostate cancer and learned that it’s an illness of fairly recent evolution. This article explores the disease’s connection with the sedentary Western lifestyle and associated unhealthy diet. And it reveals the roots of cancer in the prostate. See how this research may help scientists prevent or even reverse cell damage before it’s too late.
When it comes to prostate cancer follow-up, physicians may need to rethink the term undetectable. Recent advances in technology have made it possible to measure PSA at much lower levels. In fact, researchers have been working on a new PSA test that’s one thousand times more sensitive than standard PSA tests. Find out how the new PSA threshold may help you predict recurrence.
Biochemical progression or recurrence is most likely to occur within the first few years after radical prostatectomy. Studies have shown that if your PSA remains undetectable during this period, it is unlikely that later biochemical recurrence will occur. But what about after 10 years? Predict your risk of recurrence and see when you can stop PSA testing.
Classifying your prostate cancer helps you and your doctor determine your cancer’s level of aggression and the best course of treatment. New research suggests that not all high-risk prostate cancer is the same. Discover the key differences among high-risk cases and how to optimize your treatment strategy.
For a handful of patients treated with radical prostatectomy, bladder neck contracture is a difficult complication. This occurs when dense scar tissue forms in the bladder neck, leading to a restriction or a blockage of urine flow. Explore the benefits of a minimally invasive procedure for treating severe cases.
With the popularity of PSA screening, many patients are being diagnosed with prostate cancer when their cancer is at an early stage. In fact, most men are diagnosed with organ-confined cancer and a Gleason score of 6 or less. Learn more about the excellent prognosis for patients at this stage of disease.
Some prostate cancers grow slowly and stay localized. But other cells can't wait to hitch a ride in the bloodstream and travel to other areas in the body. Micrometastasis is a form of metastasis that describes the spread of invisible, potentially lethal cancer cells. Find out how scientists are using a three-phase approach to help stop this aggressive form of prostate cancer.
Once you’ve had your prostate removed, your biggest concern is probably related to knowing that your disease is under control. Researchers are making efforts to deliver surgical cures that help build confidence in prostate cancer patients. Find out what increases the odds of recurrence.
If you’re thinking of having surgery to treat your prostate cancer, you may be concerned about how it will affect your hormone levels and sex drive. Researchers have made some fascinating discoveries related to the body’s hormonal response to radical prostatectomy. Discover an unexpected treatment for diminished sex drive following surgery.
Getting the right pathology assessment of your prostate biopsy is just as important as getting a second opinion for surgery or radiation. You could have the best surgeon in the world, but if you don't have the right pathology report, you could have the wrong type of treatment. Learn how to handle a tricky diagnosis in spite of issues with interpreting biopsy results.
Today, most patients diagnosed with prostate cancer have clinically localized disease and experience high survival rates. PSA testing has helped spot cancer in its earliest, most curable stages. As with other cancer screenings, some cancers are detected at such an early stage that they don't need to be treated. Here are guidelines for choosing expectant management over surgery.
In an ideal world, after radical prostatectomy, your pathologist would send a triumphant report to your surgeon declaring you cancer free. For some patients, however, the pathologist's report is more ambiguous. This article reveals the good news about close margins and the causes of positive margins. Discover what to do if some cancer cells are left behind.
Scientists from around the world are studying diet like never before. For patients with prostate cancer, researchers are looking for foods or nutrients that boost disease-fighting enzymes and help the body ward off prostate cancer. Add these to your plate to boost your health and reduce your risk of prostate cancer.
Some doctors used to think that once cancer had escaped the prostate, it couldn’t be cured. Putting a patient with advanced disease through the rigors of surgery seemed unnecessary and cruel. However, new research shows that surgery may improve your quality of life if you are dealing with advanced disease. Examine the benefits of surgery for advanced prostate cancer.
Many wonder if finasteride prevents prostate cancer. According to a leading urologist, this drug puts patients at risk by hiding high-grade cancer. Protect yourself from the dangers of this drug and learn how to determine your real PSA level if you’ve been taking finasteride for an extended period.
If you’ve already endured a prognosis and radical prostatectomy, you know the stress and anxiety of coping with prostate cancer. It’s especially difficult to handle with the reappearance of PSA in your bloodstream. If your cancer is back, is it still localized to your prostate? Could radiation therapy eradicate the disease, or would it needlessly cause complications? Discover how medical research helps answer these important questions.
If you’re considering radiation therapy for prostate cancer, interstitial brachytherapy may be one of your choices. Explore interstitial brachytherapy and the reasons for caution when considering this treatment.
Making a decision about prostate cancer treatment is not easy. When considering radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy, one of your top concerns is seeking reassurance that your cancer will be cured following treatment. Find out how to manage your PSA levels and your expectations after both types of treatment.
PSA testing can be a valuable tool in diagnosing and managing prostate cancer. However, the key to screening for prostate cancer is to look beyond the cutoff numbers for PSA levels. Examine best practices for tracking your PSA levels and guidelines for biopsy.
For years, men have wondered if sexual activity impacts their risk of prostate cancer. Elizabeth A. Platz, Sc.D., considers the science behind several theories linking sex to prostate cancer. She also reveals the findings of two significant studies designed to put the debate to rest. See how changes to your sex life could impact your risk.
If you are diagnosed with Gleason 7 disease, you probably have a lot of questions about the extent of your condition. Although the number initially sounds bad, Gleason 7 can indicate two very different levels of prostate cancer. Read more about how the Gleason scoring system works and the prognosis for Gleason 3+4=7 and Gleason 4+3=7 cases.
If you’ve had a radical prostatectomy, the return of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is one of your biggest fears. The latest research shows there’s no need to panic. In fact, the high sensitivity of the PSA test often causes undue anxiety for patients. To put your mind at ease, here are the three key pieces of information needed to evaluate your prostate cancer. Learn how to interpret the data correctly.
Recurrence is a dreaded word for men who have been treated for prostate cancer. However, new research reveals that not all forms of recurrence are the same. This article helps you understand the difference between low- and high-risk recurrence. Discover the three risk factors for recurrence and see how these impact your treatment decisions.
Once you’ve been treated for prostate cancer, you may wonder about the outcome. Are you cured? Is it going to come back? If you’ve had radiation treatment, you may not get a clear answer. Depending on how your follow-up results are interpreted, you may never formally fail treatment, even if all evidence suggests that your cancer is back and growing. Learn about two standards used to determine cure and how to understand the results.
Leading physicians are working hard to preserve urinary continence and sexual potency during radical prostatectomy. Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine have reported outstanding surgical outcomes in these areas, preserving a high quality of life for patients. Identify how you can get the best surgical treatment for your prostate cancer.
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