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Where Tradition Meets Innovation Aerial shot of the dome at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.
 

Johns Hopkins Medicine has a rich history rooted in philanthropy, diversity, inclusion and a passion for innovation. Over more than 125 years since the founding of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and the opening of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, we've made  significant advancements that helped set a standard for other institutions and shape the medical field into what it is today.

The History of Our Hospitals

Each of our hospitals comes with a rich history of fostering medical innovation and providing compassionate care to people in their communities.

A Storied History

  • Who Was Johns Hopkins?

    From grocer to philanthropist, a man named Johns Hopkins laid out a plan to use his wealth to establish a hospital that would provide care to anyone, regardless of sex, age or race.

    Portrait of Johns Hopkins
  • History of Medical Innovation

    Johns Hopkins counts many "firsts" among its achievements, including the first to use rubber gloves during surgery and the first to develop renal dialysis and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    an operating team
  • The Role of Women in Johns Hopkins History

    From the first Johns Hopkins’ medical school class to present day, women have grown to be an integral part of John Hopkins Medicine.

    Sabin
 

Johns Hopkins Medicine: Then and Now (Slideshow)

1900s Johns Hopkins Billings Building
Then: The Johns Hopkins Billings Administration Building

The Johns Hopkins Billings building in the early 1900s. It served as a residence to doctors in training until the 1950s. As a result, those trainees came to be referred to as residents.

Johns Hopkins Billings Administration Building
Now: The Johns Hopkins Billings Administration Building

Today, the Billings building houses administrative offices.

Johns Hopkins first medical school class 1897
Then: Graduation

The first medical school class graduated in 1897.

Nancy Abu-Bonsrah
Now: Graduation

The graduating class of 2017 was vastly more diverse than the first — both in terms of gender and ethnicity. Among the graduates was Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, the first black female resident in neurosurgery.

William H. Welch
Then: Leadership

William H. Welch, the first dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, also became the founding dean of the United States’ first school of public health, which today is called the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Paul B. Rothman, M.D.
Now: LeadershipPaul B. Rothman, M.D. now serves as dean of the medical faculty and vice president for medicine at The Johns Hopkins University and chief executive officer of Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Florence Sabin
Then: Female Faculty

A graduate of the school of medicine, Florence Sabin was the first woman appointed full professor in the school of medicine, in 1917. A bronze statue of Sabin stands in the U.S. Capitol, honoring her many contributions to anatomy and histology.

Akila Viswanathan, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc.
Now: Female Faculty

Today, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine has more than 250 tenured female faculty members, including t recently named professor Akila Viswanathan, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc., professor of radiation oncology and molecular radiation sciences.

Johns Hopkins chemistry lab 1910
Then: Research

Students in chemistry lab, 1910

Scientist working in a lab
Now: Research

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is home to more than 160 basic science labs alone. More than 1,500 faculty members within the school of medicine have federal funding to support their basic, translational or clinical trials research.

Benjamin Carson and surgical team
Then: Surgical Practice and Training

Using small mannequins, pediatric neurogureon Benjamin Carson and his surgical team rehearse for a 2006 operation to separate siamese twins joined at the head.

Pediatric resident training session at The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center
Now: Surgical Practice and Training

The large single-patient rooms in The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children’s Center building allow enough space for pediatric residents to hold training sessions.

Hurd Hall in the 1950s
Then: Hurd Hall

Grand rounds in the 1950s took place in Hurd Hall, named after Henry Mills Hurd, professor of psychiatry and the first director of The Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Hurd Hall in 2017
Now: Hurd Hall

Hurd Hall is still a common venue for many of the school’s featured events, including the medical students’ white coat ceremonies.

Edwards Park, M.D.
Then: Pediatrician-in-Chief

As pediatrician-in-chief at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Edwards Park, M.D., pioneered a holistic approach to the medical care of children, combining it with intense research, training and community outreach.

Tina Chen, M.D., M.P.H.
Now: Pediatrician-in-ChiefTina Cheng, M.D., M.P.H., became director of pediatrics and pediatrician-in-chief of The Johns Hopkins Hospital in 2016. Cheng was recognized for making community-integrated models of primary care to meet the needs of vulnerable individuals and families.
Johns Hopkins physical chemisty lecture, 1903
Then: Classroom Instruction

Physical chemistry lecture in 1903

Medical students in a lecture hall.
Now: Classroom Instruction

Medical students engaged in a presentation

Johns Hopkins bedside teaching early 1900s
Then: Bedside Teaching

Bedside teaching is one of the cornerstones of academic medicine, a concept that was pioneered by Hopkins’ own Sir William Osler, one of the four founding professors of The Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Physician with a patient
Now: Bedside Teaching

In 2016, the school of medicine developed that concept even further by rolling out a Primary Care Leadership Track designed to bring medical students face to face with patients and community doctors.

William Halsted's All-Star Surgery in 1901
Then: Landmark Surgery

In 1901, surgeon-in-chief William Halsted, an early champion of the newly discovered antiseptic techniques, invited senior members of his surgical staff to participate in an “all-star operation” as a dedication of the newly erected building bearing his name.

Johns Hopkins landmark first bilateral arm transplant
Now: Landmark Surgery

A surgical team led by Johns Hopkins doctors W. P. Lee, M.D., Jaimie Shores, M.D., and Gerald Brandacher, M.D., performed The Johns Hopkins Hospital’s first bilateral arm transplant using a treatment to prevent rejection of the limbs.

Johns Hopkins Medicine: Then and Now (Slideshow)

1900s Johns Hopkins Billings Building
Then: The Johns Hopkins Billings Administration Building

The Johns Hopkins Billings building in the early 1900s. It served as a residence to doctors in training until the 1950s. As a result, those trainees came to be referred to as residents.

Johns Hopkins Billings Administration Building
Now: The Johns Hopkins Billings Administration Building

Today, the Billings building houses administrative offices.

Johns Hopkins first medical school class 1897
Then: Graduation

The first medical school class graduated in 1897.

Nancy Abu-Bonsrah
Now: Graduation

The graduating class of 2017 was vastly more diverse than the first — both in terms of gender and ethnicity. Among the graduates was Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, the first black female resident in neurosurgery.

William H. Welch
Then: Leadership

William H. Welch, the first dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, also became the founding dean of the United States’ first school of public health, which today is called the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Paul B. Rothman, M.D.
Now: LeadershipPaul B. Rothman, M.D. now serves as dean of the medical faculty and vice president for medicine at The Johns Hopkins University and chief executive officer of Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Florence Sabin
Then: Female Faculty

A graduate of the school of medicine, Florence Sabin was the first woman appointed full professor in the school of medicine, in 1917. A bronze statue of Sabin stands in the U.S. Capitol, honoring her many contributions to anatomy and histology.

Akila Viswanathan, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc.
Now: Female Faculty

Today, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine has more than 250 tenured female faculty members, including t recently named professor Akila Viswanathan, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc., professor of radiation oncology and molecular radiation sciences.

Johns Hopkins chemistry lab 1910
Then: Research

Students in chemistry lab, 1910

Scientist working in a lab
Now: Research

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is home to more than 160 basic science labs alone. More than 1,500 faculty members within the school of medicine have federal funding to support their basic, translational or clinical trials research.

Benjamin Carson and surgical team
Then: Surgical Practice and Training

Using small mannequins, pediatric neurogureon Benjamin Carson and his surgical team rehearse for a 2006 operation to separate siamese twins joined at the head.

Pediatric resident training session at The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center
Now: Surgical Practice and Training

The large single-patient rooms in The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children’s Center building allow enough space for pediatric residents to hold training sessions.

Hurd Hall in the 1950s
Then: Hurd Hall

Grand rounds in the 1950s took place in Hurd Hall, named after Henry Mills Hurd, professor of psychiatry and the first director of The Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Hurd Hall in 2017
Now: Hurd Hall

Hurd Hall is still a common venue for many of the school’s featured events, including the medical students’ white coat ceremonies.

Edwards Park, M.D.
Then: Pediatrician-in-Chief

As pediatrician-in-chief at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Edwards Park, M.D., pioneered a holistic approach to the medical care of children, combining it with intense research, training and community outreach.

Tina Chen, M.D., M.P.H.
Now: Pediatrician-in-ChiefTina Cheng, M.D., M.P.H., became director of pediatrics and pediatrician-in-chief of The Johns Hopkins Hospital in 2016. Cheng was recognized for making community-integrated models of primary care to meet the needs of vulnerable individuals and families.
Johns Hopkins physical chemisty lecture, 1903
Then: Classroom Instruction

Physical chemistry lecture in 1903

Medical students in a lecture hall.
Now: Classroom Instruction

Medical students engaged in a presentation

Johns Hopkins bedside teaching early 1900s
Then: Bedside Teaching

Bedside teaching is one of the cornerstones of academic medicine, a concept that was pioneered by Hopkins’ own Sir William Osler, one of the four founding professors of The Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Physician with a patient
Now: Bedside Teaching

In 2016, the school of medicine developed that concept even further by rolling out a Primary Care Leadership Track designed to bring medical students face to face with patients and community doctors.

William Halsted's All-Star Surgery in 1901
Then: Landmark Surgery

In 1901, surgeon-in-chief William Halsted, an early champion of the newly discovered antiseptic techniques, invited senior members of his surgical staff to participate in an “all-star operation” as a dedication of the newly erected building bearing his name.

Johns Hopkins landmark first bilateral arm transplant
Now: Landmark Surgery

A surgical team led by Johns Hopkins doctors W. P. Lee, M.D., Jaimie Shores, M.D., and Gerald Brandacher, M.D., performed The Johns Hopkins Hospital’s first bilateral arm transplant using a treatment to prevent rejection of the limbs.

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